1. Which one of the following practices helps to explain how Kim Il-Sung and his son Kim Jong-Il have come to dominate North Korean emotional life?
|a.||Five percent of book titles in North Korea are about the two Kims.|
|b.||Images of Kim Il-Sung and Kim Jong-Il are rarely seen.|
|c.||North Korean students at all levels take hundreds of hours of coursework that focus on the lives and accomplishments of the two Kims.|
|d.||Objects that the two leaders touch are destroyed.|
1. The use of the word “my” (e.g., my mother) as opposed to “our” (e.g., our mother) reflects a preoccupation with
|a.||the needs of the group.|
|b.||the maternal instinct.|
|d.||the needs of the individual.|
1. When sociologists think about ____________, they consider how people use the object and the meanings people assign to it.
1. Upon entering a total institution, inmates experience a
|a.||sense of euphoria.|
|b.||sense of deep relief.|
|d.||break with past roles.|
1. The practice of male circumcision in South Korea can be traced to contact with the U.S. military during the Korean War. This process represents
1. The prescription drug addict who seeks out treatment to change destructive behavior is undergoing __________ resocialization.
1. The cases of Anna and Isabelle were used to illustrate
|a.||the fact that humans are born with a great learning capacity.|
|b.||that people are born with preconceived notions about standards of appearance and behavior.|
|c.||the importance of social contact for normal development.|
|d.||that two-year-olds are bothered when rules are violated.|
1. Tiffany, one of the two Korean-American girls in the K-pop group Girls’ Generation thought she would be able to adjust easily to life in Korea because her parents spoke Korean at home in the U.S. But she found that she had to learn so many little things. Tiffany was experiencing
1. Which one of the following scenarios indicates that a bond of mutual expectation has developed between a baby and his or her caretaker?
|a.||A baby comes to expect that if it cries, a caretaker will respond.|
|b.||A baby learns to comfort itself when it feels distress.|
|c.||A baby sleeps through the night.|
|d.||A baby cannot tell how its mother will react to its cries.|
1. An Israeli soldier remarks “The Palestinian boys would look at you with hatred, such hatred that it reminded me of how the Jews in concentration camps in the Holocaust looked at [the guards]. You are the most evil thing on earth right now…”. Charles Horton Cooley would argue that the guard imagining himself from the perspective of the Palestinian boys represents the dynamics of
1. In Israel and the Palestinian Territories, Sesame Street airs as Sesame Stories because
|a.||there is no word for street in Hebrew or in the Arabic languages.|
|b.||Sesame Street formed a partnership with the corporation Sesame Stories.|
|c.||the featured scenes in the program involve Palestinians and Israelis reading stories to one another.|
|d.||the idea that a neutral street exists where Palestinians and Jews might gather together is not a possibility.|
1. A Korean American Catholic Church shares many of the cultural traits of mainstream Catholicism such as a clerical collar worn by priests but its statues of Mary and Jesus have Korean appearance. The Korean American church qualifies as a
1. People who violate ______________ are usually punished severely – they can be ostracized, institutionalized or condemned to die.
1. American sociologists studying Korean bathhouses would be struck by the
|a.||casual interactions between adult men and women.|
|b.||private nature of the bath.|
|d.||lack of self-consciousness regarding the body.|
1. Nature refers to __________, and nurture refers to _________.
|a.||interaction factors; biological factors|
|b.||learned traits; inborn traits|
|c.||social capacities; biological potential|
|d.||genetic factors; social experiences|
1. The most extreme and most destructive form of ethnocentrism is
|b.||defining foreign ways as peculiar.|
1. An individual who adopts cultural relativism aims to __________ a cultural practice.
1. Which one of the following examples is a case of involuntary resocialization?
|a.||A person enlists in the army to acquire a technical skill.|
|b.||A person is ordered into a treatment program.|
|c.||A person seeks treatment to correct a problem.|
|d.||A college graduate applies and is accepted into medical school.|
1. In the United States, many diners pass items around the table and use special serving utensils to take food from bowls and plates. These behaviors represent
1. Foreign reporters covering North Korea learned to their surprise that the Da Vinci Code was a hit and Celine Dion songs are popular. This is an example of
1. ___________ give us discipline and support of routine and habit.
1. Reentry shock is ___________ in reverse; it is experienced upon returning home after living in another culture.
1. Michael is unable to find work, so he decides to enlist in the military to gain skills to become a mechanic. He is undergoing a ________________ program of resocialization.
1. The Korean use of “our” (e.g., our mother) and the use of “my” (e.g., my mother) in the United States suggests that
|a.||language is universal.|
|b.||people everywhere value their mothers.|
|c.||people see the world through the language(s) they have learned.|
|d.||Koreans value the individual over the group.|
1. Signs that read “No Smoking,” “Honk Horn to Open,” and “Emergency Exit Only” specify
1. Kyeong Kang experienced _______________ when he moved from Korea to Georgia at age 14. He didn’t know English and he had to adjust to what seemed like a lack of respect for elders.
1. Jeannette remarked to her friend after returning from studying in Korea, “I wonder why American’s health care system is so complicated and so expensive? In Korea I could drop into a small hospital (they were on almost every corner) see a doctor and pay $7.” Jeannette is experiencing
1. ______________ refers to the social experiences that make up every individual’s life.
1. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is used as a vehicle for understanding dynamics underlying
|c.||the power of nature over nurture.|
1. Displaced Palestinians pass on memories of their homeland by showing their children keys and deeds to the houses in which they once lived. This sharing preserves and passes on
1. In the United States, singular possessive pronouns (e.g., “my”) are used to refer to things over which we do not have exclusive control or ownership. This reflects the American preoccupation with
1. Mental hospitals, concentration camps, and boarding schools are considered
1. The sociological concepts applied to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict can be used to answer which one of the following questions?
|a.||Why are Palestinians and Jews so angry?|
|b.||How is conflict passed down from one generation to another?|
|c.||Should there be a Palestinian state?|
|d.||Why can’t they just get along?|
1. Which one of the following statements speaks to the role of age in the Korean language?
|a.||Korean forms of address require the speaker to refer to elder brothers and sisters by their first names.|
|b.||Korean language has very few references to age.|
|c.||It is impossible to carry on a conversation without taking age into consideration.|
|d.||Koreans must use a special name to address a younger sibling.|
1. The presence of Palestinians functions to unify Israeli Jews, who are culturally, linguistically, religiously, and politically diverse. Likewise, the presence of Jews unifies a diverse Palestinian society. These dynamics best apply to
|b.||agents of socialization.|
|d.||in-group – out-group dynamics.|
1. _________ is a staple of the South Korean diet while ____________ is a staple of the U.S. diet.
|c.||Rice; hot dogs|
1. Our everyday use of the word “culture” suggests that we use the term in ways that emphasize
1. One indicator of culture’s influence on satisfying hunger is that
|a.||fast food appeals to people everywhere.|
|b.||people everywhere eat three meals a day.|
|c.||if people are hungry enough, they will eat just about anything.|
|d.||only a portion of the potential food available is defined as edible.|
1. The U.S. military has personnel stationed in 140 countries. The military constitutes a ______________ when it is not welcomed by the residents.
1. Erikson’s life-stage model is most useful for capturing
|a.||how time in history affects major life transitions.|
|b.||challenges associated with the countless life event transitions.|
|c.||the role of previous life experiences in shaping transitions in life.|
|d.||broad socialization challenges associated with aging.|
1. Sociologists Amith Ben-David and Yoah Lavee’s study in which they describe how Israeli family members interacted with one another during the SCUD missile attack shows that the family
|a.||becomes divided and tense during a crisis.|
|b.||can serve to buffer its members against the effects of negative circumstances or can exacerbate those effects.|
|c.||increases the stress of a crisis.|
|d.||is a supportive and positive influence during a crisis.|
1. Beliefs, values, and norms are part of
1. For the U.S. the universally high value placed on ____________ can qualify as a cultural anchor.
1. A bond of mutual expectation is established between caregiver and baby when
|a.||the baby learns to talk to the caregiver.|
|b.||the baby is put on a strict feeding and sleeping schedule.|
|c.||the caregiver can leave the baby alone in a room without the baby crying.|
|d.||a caregiver knows the baby well enough to understand its needs and feelings.|
1. The _______________ is the part of the self that acts in unexpected ways.
1. According to sociologist Everett Hughes, “One can think so exclusively in terms of his or her own social world that he or she has no set of concepts for comparing one social world to the next.” Hughes is describing
|b.||a kind of ethnocentrism.|