Social Science

Social Science

Special Instructions

Need in apa format treat each work as a separetly work and each work needs citations and separetly references, please title by class SOCW 6200 or SOCW 6351, by week 10 and by students name or response to the profesor’s question

SOCW 6200 week 10

RE: Discussion – Week 10 Attachment

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Week 10: Gender, Gender Identity, Gender Expression, Sexism, Power, and Privilege

Discussion: Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Gender Expression

The adolescent stage is an entirely sensitive stage especially while dealing with individuals at this level in development (Zastrow, 2016). In most cases, adolescents, who are aged between 13 and 19, tend to be very socially sensitive to their surrounding environment and more so, what influences their daily experiences and activities in life. Potential reactions to an adolescent questioning of their sexual identity and gender role are bound to have a significant impact on their social environment, behavior and more so, self-esteem.

Everyone wants to have a sense of belonging. At the same time, nobody wanted to feel neglected but appreciated in their surroundings. Adolescents need to be constantly assured of their importance in the overall society. There is also need to keep in mind the fact that adding value to one’s esteem is the best way to increase self-confidence, especially in the society. Therefore, the question of sexual identity especially by adolescents and their gender roles makes them recognize their place in the community.

As social workers, what role can we play in assuring the best outcomes for these adolescents?

Social workers need to increase their efficiency and efforts especially while dealing with such a sensitive and minority group.To ensure the best outcome for the adolescents, there is a need to remain consistent especially in counseling sessions, avoiding making judgments and more so, appreciating the existence of adolescents as an important community function which widely embraces (Russel, 2001).  Social workers also need to be role models to these adolescents in ensuring the best outcomes. Adolescents will tend to imitate the counselors, and healthy habits will end up being picked from such positive relationships.

References

Zastrow, C. H., & Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (2016). Understanding human behavior and the social  environment (10th ed.)Boston, MA:  Cengage Learning.

Russell, S. T., & Joyner, K. (2001). Adolescent sexual orientation and suicide risk: Evidence         from a natural study. American Journal of Public Health, 91(8), 1276–1281.   Retrieved from the Walden Library databases

 

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Response to the professor

RE: Discussion – Week 10 Attachment

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Cheraldo:Great  post.  There are still many myths about sexual orientation. Families and providers often believe that young people have to be adults before they can know they are gay. Many assume that being gay is a “phase” that youth will grow out of as they get older. Some think that teens may decide to be gay if they have a gay friend, read about homosexuality, or hear about gay people from others. These myths are very common and they are also incorrect.  As a social worker, how would you work with students and their families to dispel these myths?

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1. As a social worker, how would you work with students and their families to dispel these myths?

2. Respond by Day 5 to a colleague’s post by offering additional insight about how social workers can work toward assuring the best outcomes for adolescents questioning their sexual orientation or gender identity. Please use the Learning Resources to support your answer

A. Genia Baker

RE: Discussion – Week 10 Attachment

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 Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Gender Expression

In the last year of high school and the first two years of college I struggled with my sexual orientation. Throughout high school I was not able to have boyfriends because living with six uncles and four of which was military, having a boyfriend meant some kid was brave enough to sit in a room full of men. You and I both know that certainly did not happen.  So, there I was an adolescent lost in a whirlwind of emotions, considered and labeled a tomboy by most adults that I came across, because sports was the only activity I participated in. I now believe my involvement in sports was my uncles solution to help me to forget my trauma filled childhood. Confused, hurt, and faced with many questions I searched for emotional comforting, acceptance, and anything that could make me feel better about who I was. My friends were very understanding and accepted me but was also going through a lot of emotions. My peers is who I looked to for help with answers as to what to do to about my feelings..I did not know at that time the importance of establishing a relationship with my guardian. According to Bos & Sanfort (2017), the quality of parent-child communication (disclosure) is associated with a healthy development of children and adolescents, but when children enter adolescence, it is assumed that parental influence decreases because of the rising influence in peers. This held true to for me during my adolescent years and I questioned if what I was seeking was in the same sex because of how compassionate, and open women were in expressing their feelings in contrast to my experience with males (my uncles).

The reaction from society to the questioning of my sexuality was versatile. Initially the people who knew me always viewed me as a tomboy so they was not shocked because they already assumed I was confused. Others hugged me or made statements that they would pray for me that God assist me with my troubles. My social environment did not change when I was at school, most of my friends were in the same situation where people assumed that because they played sports they were tomboys or confused as well. Outside of school some of my friends stopped being around me because of their parents and I found myself alone.  My behavior in school remained the same, I now think it is because of the support I received while there. However, outside of the school my behavior changed dramatically, I began to isolate myself in the room, I was always covered up, and did not talk when my uncles or brother tried to engage in conversation with me. My self esteem was low and I felt alone, because even though I had some friends, none was close to me.

As a social worker the best role to play for an adolescent who experienced sexual identity issues or sexual gender issues is to be a support system and someone that they are able to speak freely, without judgment, and openly to. The social worker role during this time is to identify safe and comfortable places for the adolescent and what makes that place a comfort zone for them. Identifying safe spaces can help the social worker understand the environment the youth feel comfort in. The goal of the social worker is to assist the youth in learning that people will have their own opinion on things but the youth must be strong enough to not allow other people feelings to affect their confidence and  life. One important role of the social worker will be to empower the youth to attain self confidence and positive self esteem in themselves. The only way of doing that is to help them to love themselves.

References

Bos, H. M. W., Sanfort, T. G. M., de Bruyn, E. H., & Hakvoort, E. M. (2008). Same-sex attraction, social relationships, psychsocial functioning, and school performance in early adolescence. Developmental

SOCW 6351 week 10 response to the students post

3. Respond by Day 5 to at least two colleagues with a critique of the gaps in service they identified for Joe. Then, describe a substance abuse or drug policy that you believe is unjust or disproportionately affects a certain group or population. Finally, describe the ethical obligations of social workers to make changes to substance abuse policies.

Support your response with specific references to the resources. Be sure to provide full APA citations for your references.

A. judith tertus

RE: Discussion – Week 10 Attachment

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Judith Tertus

Discussion 1 week-10

Dual diagnosis (also called co-occurring disorders, COD) is the condition of suffering from a mental illness and a comorbid substance abuse problem. There is considerable debate surrounding the appropriateness of using a single category for a heterogeneous group of individuals with complex needs and a varied range of problems.

In the case of Joe, dual diagnosis, both the mental health issue and the drug or alcohol addiction have their own unique symptoms that may get in the way of your ability to function, handle life’s difficulties, and relate to others. To make the situation more complicated, the co-occurring disorders also affect each other and interact. When a mental health problem goes untreated, the substance abuse problem usually gets worse as well. And when alcohol or drug abuse increases, mental health problems usually increase too.

The NASW Standards for Social Work Practice with Clients with Substance Use Disorders (SUD) is designed to enhance social workers’ awareness, values, knowledge, skills, and methods of practice across settings, where priorities may vary greatly. The text is intended to inform social work practice and interventions with clients who have SUDs; improve the quality of treatment for clients with SUDs; and encourage social workers’ awareness of the knowledge, skills, competencies, and attitudes necessary to work effectively with clients who have SUDs, their families, and other service providers.

Drug Policy Alliance (DPA) believes that to effectively promote real drug education and safety, one must understand a drug’s effects (both positive and negative), why people use it, as well as its potential risks and benefits. Many drug education campaigns fall back on scare tactics or oversimplification, sending the message that drug use is a uniform phenomenon with straightforward causes and solutions, and provide little context about a drug’s history. Yet honest information is key to preventing problematic drug use. This includes making a distinction between the harm that can be caused by the substance itself and the harm caused by drug war policies.

Joe did not have much community support in order to address his needs. Due to Joe’s being incarcerated in the past, he had a disadvantage in services. What the state fail to understand is the fact that a great percentage of prisoners had drug issues. Since Joe was not able to obtain employment due to his past life being incarcerated, which mean being able to provide for himself was impossible.

References

Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., &Brocksen, S. M. (Eds.). (2014). Social work case studies: Foundation year. Baltimore: MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing.

Popple, P. R., & Leighninger, L. (2007). The policy-based profession: An introduction to social welfare policy analysis for social workers. Allyn & Bacon, Inc.

Western, B., & Beckett, K. (1999). How Unregulated Is the US Labor Market? The Penal System as a Labor Market Institution 1. American Journal of Sociology104(4), 1030-60

B. Stacy Rushton-Turner

RE: Discussion – Week 10 Attachment

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The drug policies have affected Joe in many different ways.  Since Joe’s conviction and incarceration, for distributing controlled dangerous substance (CDS) Joe has not been able to find permanent housing or employment (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014).  With Joe’s conviction for CDS he is only eligible for food stamps and not the cash or Medicaid (Plummer et al., 2014).  These policies were put in place to discourage people from getting felony drug convictions.  The problem is this is not working.  People are still getting convicted on drug charges.  They are not eligible for public assistance, so they break into houses and business to steal what they need.  In Joe’s case he will not be able to continue his mental health treatment without the Medicaid and this will lead to him stopping his medication and returning to using marijuana.  Joe is not able to obtain a job due to his conviction, so he will steal in order to meet his drug need and his physical needs (food, clothing).

With Joe’s case there are several gaps in services that are visible.  When Joe is released from prison he does not have any supports, so there is nowhere for him to live and he does not have a job in order to pay for a place to stay (Plummer et al., 2014).  He leaves prison without a place to live this is gap number one.  He leaves prison without a job and he has the drug conviction that prevents him from getting a job (Plummer et al., 2014), this is gap number two.  Joe has a mental illness and a drug addiction, he needs medication and treatment to help him heal, but he is not eligible for Medicaid due to the CDS conviction, gap number three.

A change strategy that could be helpful to individuals with drug addictions would be rewarding providers for the outcomes of individuals treated both at the end of in-treatment and after treatment (Humphreys & McLellan, 2011).  There is a need to improve the outcomes of treatment and those that are doing the treatment should be motivated to affect the improvement.  This would be a start to improved care.

I would seek to change the policy on marijuana charges.  Marijuana is becoming legal in many states.  Felony charges should not be allowed for having a substance that is legal in the next state.  In the case of Joe, his youthful mistake has changed the course of his life forever.  If he were to have Marijuana on him now he would not be charged, let alone being charged with a felony.

References:

Humphreys, K. & McLellan, A. T., (2011).  A policy-oriented review of strategies for improving

The outcomes of services for substance use disorder patients.  Addictions, 106(12), 2058 –

2066.  doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03464.x

Plummer, S. B., Makris, S., & Brocksen, S. M. (Eds.). (2014). Social work case studies:

            Foundation year. Baltimore: MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing.

[Vital Source e-reader].

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