Social Science

Question 1

1. __________ are people that have broken the rules and are caught, punished, and labeled as outsiders.

a.

Pure deviants

b.

The falsely accused

c.

Secret deviants

d.

Conformists

1 points

Question 2

1. The U.S. Department of State publishes the Human Rights Report on the People’s Republic of China. The report accuses the Chinese government of human rights violations. Constructionist theorists would call this report

a.

a claims-making activity.

b.

a product of rule-makers.

c.

unfounded.

d.

a structural strain.

1 points

Question 3

1. Xavier is applying for a customer service job. He has a charming personality but the interviewer noticed Xavier has missing teeth. Xavier does not get the job because he lacks __________ cultural capital.

a.

institutionalized

b.

objectified

c.

significant

d.

embodied

1 points

Question 4

1. The negatively privileged property classes include all but which one of the following?

a.

those dependent on seasonal employment

b.

the bourgeoisie

c.

completely unskilled persons

d.

those at the bottom of the class system

1 points

Question 5

1. From a functionalist perspective, social inequality

a.

ensures that the best-qualified people will fill the most demanding positions.

b.

causes people in the entry-level jobs to work harder.

c.

guarantees that incompetent people will not seek the most important jobs.

d.

increases the motivation level of all workers.

1 points

Question 6

1. People whose rule breaking is viewed as understandable, incidental, or insignificant are known as

a.

the falsely accused.

b.

conformists.

c.

primary deviants.

d.

pure deviants.

1 points

Question 7

1. The human gaze is a form of

a.

secondary deviance.

b.

surveillance.

c.

censorship.

d.

the prison-industrial complex.

1 points

Question 8

1. According to the functionalist perspective, the unequal distribution of rewards is necessary in order to

a.

make the system as democratic as possible.

b.

ensure that the most functionally important occupations are filled by the best-qualified people.

c.

justify denying some people the opportunity to achieve functionally important occupations.

d.

make the least functionally important occupations attractive to the masses.

1 points

Question 9

1. Ridicule, imprisonment, and withdrawal of affection are examples of _______ sanctions.

a.

formal

b.

positive

c.

negative

d.

informal

1 points

Question 10

1. Sociologists use the term social prestige to mean

a.

the reputation that someone has earned.

b.

the amount of wealth associated with a status.

c.

the social value assigned to a status.

d.

the level of respect or admiration for a status apart from any person who happens to occupy it.

1 points

Question 11

1. Ideally, conformity should be

a.

enforced through positive sanctions.

b.

voluntary.

c.

imposed.

d.

enforced through negative sanctions.

1 points

Question 12

1. When a son or daughter achieves an occupation that is higher or lower in rank and prestige than a parent’s occupation, sociologists label that mobility

a.

intragenerational.

b.

intergenerational.

c.

downward.

d.

upward.

1 points

Question 13

1. Jerome has a car and that makes it easier for him to participate in after-school activities. Jerome possesses _____ cultural capital.

a.

embodied

b.

objectified

c.

significant

d.

institutionalized

1 points

Question 14

1. “Crimes committed by persons of respectability and high social status in the course of their occupations” are called

a.

white-collar crime.

b.

corporate crime.

c.

deviance.

d.

the falsely accused.

1 points

Question 15

1. Joe values privacy and is not willing to consent to surveillance. To access advantages that come with surveillance such as reward points, Joe gives a nonworking phone number. From a structural strain perspective Joe is engaged in

a.

innovation.

b.

conformity.

c.

ritualism.

d.

rebellion.

1 points

Question 16

1. Telephone tapping, interception of letters and electronic monitoring are examples of

a.

deviance.

b.

censorship.

c.

surveillance.

d.

conformity.

1 points

Question 17

1. Helping a nonsmoker qualifies as __________ cultural capital because smoking is prohibited in most public spaces and some work places give preference to nonsmokers when hiring.

a.

institutionalized

b.

significant

c.

objectified

d.

embodied

1 points

Question 18

1. A student writes, “I used to sell drugs. I was very careful. I watched who I sold to and didn’t take any new customers. I was never caught.” This student can be classified as

a.

a secret deviant.

b.

a pure deviant.

c.

a conformist.

d.

falsely accused.

1 points

Question 19

1. Socialization is a process by which people come to learn and accept the ways of their culture as natural. In this sense socialization is

a.

like a witch hunt.

b.

an informal sanction.

c.

a mechanism of social control.

d.

a type of surveillance.

1 points

Order now and get 10% discount on all orders above $50 now!!The professional are ready and willing handle your assignment.

ORDER NOW »»