Science

35. Per text, this group calls itself Apsáalooke (Absaroka), or “children of the long-beaked bird:”

36. In Native America, maize (corn), beans, and squash are known as the “Three (whats?)”

37 A lip plug, inserted beneath the lower lip (commonly worn by Eskimoans and the Tlingit):

38. A lightweight skin boat propelled by a double-bladed paddle, watertight except for a single round opening:

39. On what did the Desert Cahuilla rely as their primary staple?

40. Per text, “the most important Tlingit manufacture for subsistence activities,” a primary means of conveyance:

41. Culture area of the Crow:

42. Per text, “The Chipewyan, like all other North American Indians, realized that conception resulted from:”

43. Of all the groups we’ve studied, the only one to have made redwood dugout canoes:

44. Per text, the Netsilik Eskimos spoke a language called (either of two words acceptable):

45. These people often are classified (somewhat inaccurately) as Mission Indians: \

46. By the mid-1800s, members of this group “had more horses than any other tribe east of the Rocky Mountains:”

47. Per text, “song duels” were used by what group of people to settle disputes?

48. Culture area of the Lower Kootenai:

49. Per text, these subarctic hunters speak a Na-Dene/Athabaskan language, and call themselves “Dene:”

50. Per text, powdered dry meat strips, mixed with fat, stuffed into caribou intestines:

51. Per text, many tribes used these in winter to more easily walk across snow:

52. Per text, the most prominent Kootenai artifact, primarily because of its distinctive shape, is the:

53. Per text, a Tlingit man “ideally married his (two words):”

54-59. The Tlingit are noteworthy for their totem poles. List the six different kinds that Oswalt describes:

60. Among these people, men were well-dressed and groomed, but women didn’t take such care in their appearance:

61. The most two important fish to the Tlingit were salmon and:

62. Although these people considered whites to be greedy, they showed a “striking tendency” to marry them.

63. Culture area of the Chipewyan:

64. What sort of animal did the Chipewyan believe fathered their people?

65. The most important ceremony (a redistribution of wealth) among NW Coast peoples like the Tlingit:

66. “The most adverse calamity” suffered by Crow people by 1883 “was the precipitous decline in the number of:

67. What was the Crows’ primary weapon (traditionally) for hunting and warfare?

68. Per lecture, what type of weapon preceded the above throughout most of North America?

69. Per Chipewyan belief, a man who wore manufactured shoes, appeared in summer, and kidnapped children:

70. Per text, a sacred number among the Crow:

71. Culture area of the Cahuilla:

72. Per mini-lecture, a term that basically means “Earth-centered:”

73. Per lecture, one part of a two-part social system:

74. Around 1810, this famous Kootenai woman became (probably) the only one to assume the role of a man:

75. Only group of people on Earth since Neanderthal to have adapted physically and culturally to an arctic climate:

76. According to the origin myth of what group, the sun was what caused humans to turn different colors?

77. Traditionally, primary staple of the Yurok people:

78. “The worst possible insult was for one Crow to say to another

79. Culture area of the Yurok (either of two answers acceptable):

80. “A divisible and portable class of objects having a standardized value and acceptable in exchange for goods…:”

81. Women were the primary shamans among this group:

82. Per lecture, a term often misused by students, authors, and everyday people that applies only to state level societies. In fact, it is synonymous with state level society and is not to be used with bands or tribes or chiefdoms:

83. Your text author discusses The Grizzly Bear Ceremony of this group:

84. Per lecture, an abused social organization term regarding Native America, but in anthropology, a social group that has domesticated either animals or plants, but has no coercive leader:

85. The Crow disdained alcohol, which they called:

86. The only domestic crop among the Yurok:

87. Per text, “If there was one Kootenai passion, it was:

88. Per text, one of a Crow woman’s most highly developed skills:

89. I wrote the class—as well as many of you individually—about this. Except for one group we’re studying this session, what is the traditional (pre-contact) religious system for all of them?

90. Per lecture and text, an Iñupiaq Eskimo/Inuit word that basically means “house:”

91. According to your text, Chipewyan women were not allowed to touch or step over the skin of what animal? (Oswalt says that one way to keep women out of a tent was to place such a skin in the doorway.)

92. Per text, “the first all-woman tribal council in the United States” applies to what group?

93. What was the most widely circulated form of money among the Yurok?

94. Per lecture, although Oswalt uses this term when referring to animistic religious practices, he does so incorrectly (any of several terms will work):

95. What was the Yurok term for when menstruation occurred? (Some peoples still use this term.)

96. Culture area of the Tlingit:

97. Oswalt and I both discuss the Tlingit use of this metal:

98 Per handout, this is the name we use for people who want to be something they’re not, so they act the part of someone else:

99. Your instructor posted another handout on this topic, which many people confuse with religion (Note! It is associated with religion, but in itself is not a religion):

100. Your instructor wrote you an e-mail about Alaska Eskimos not building and using these structures, which the Netsilik did build and use, and which many Americans automatically associate with Eskimos in general:

Extra Credit Questions (Answer all you choose, for a maximum twelve extra points):

Extra Credit 1: I wrote you that only a few things get me hot, and this is one of them, because it “edits” education:

Extra Credit 2: Per text and e-mail, tribal membership most often depends on one’s percentage of tribal blood. We refer to this percentage as one’s blood _________________________.

Extra Credit 3: Per my message, what U.S. state has no official Indian reservations for its indigenous people (even though it has high populations of them)?

Extra Credit 4: Per my message, in what “Hollywood” film will you see reasonably accurate depictions of traditional Crow people?

Extra Credit 5: I wrote you that many scholars contend that Native Americans from what culture area have been the most heavily studied of all?

Extra Credit 6: The young woman I photographed on the left below is a member of what tribe we’ve studied?

Extra Credit 7: The carved pole on the above right was carved by a member of what tribe we’ve studied?

Extra Credit8: Per my message, once our country became the United States who (what group of people) was ultimately responsible for all the tragedies that befell Native America?

Extra Credit 9: The film I asked you to watch, “Idaho’s Forgotten War,” is about what group of indigenous people?

Extra Credit 10: Flagstaff, Arizona, is in what culture area?

Extra Credit 11: Per lecture, someone who is inherently (born) evil, and does harmful things:

Extra Credit 12: The two men shown in the old photo above are Aleut (from Alaska) hunters. Per my message to the class, what weapon are they holding, used to throw their spears?

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