Science

Part 1 of 2 -! 30.0/ 50.0 Points!! Question 1 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! Of the three most common groups of childhood infections, which of the following is NOT a symptom?! A. Diarrhea ! ! B. Muscle spasms ! ! C. Vomiting ! ! D. Skin infections or rashes !!! Question 2 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! If a child develops an itchy red and bumpy rash between the fingers, on wrists or elbows, on the waistline, thighs, genitalia, and buttocks he/she is exhibiting symptoms of:! A. ringworm. !! B. staph infection. ! ! C. impetigo. ! ! D. scabies. ! !! Question 3 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following is NOT true of Vitamin D?! A. Supplemental Vitamin D should be added to a child’s diet by the age of 7. ! ! B. Over 90% of Vitamin D is produced by exposure to the sun. ! ! C. It is common for children to have a Vitamin D deficiency ! ! D. Low levels of Vitamin D are associated with a higher risk of respiratory infections. ! !! Question 4 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following should be avoided when treating chicken pox in infants and children?! A. Aspirin ! ! B. Acetaminophen ! ! C. Over-the-counter antihistamine ! ! D. Ibuprofen !!! Question 5 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Each of the following statements is true about common colds EXCEPT:! A. the best way to stop the cycle of infection is to wash hands frequently. ! ! B. some cold viruses can survive on contaminated objects for up to several days. ! ! C. children should be encouraged to cough into their hands rather than the air. ! ! D. young children experience between two and eight colds a year. ! !! Question 6 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following is caused by a virus?! A. Common cold ! ! B. Head lice !!

Faysel Ali
Faysel Ali
Faysel Ali

C. Athlete’s foot ! ! D. Tuberculosis ! !! Question 7 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! Skin infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, and:! A. pollen. ! ! B. airborne contaminants. ! ! C. bruising. ! ! D. fungi. ! !! Question 8 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following statements is true about modes of transmission for infectious agents?! A. Fecal-oral transmission occurs through direct contact only. ! ! B. Direct contact and droplet spread is the least frequent mode of transmission in child care. ! ! C. Infections spread by airborne transmission can spread infections over a much wider area than infectious droplets transmitted by direct contact. ! ! D. Exchange of germs and droplets occurs through direct contact only. ! !! Question 9 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Children under age 6 can become carriers of which disease without developing any symptoms?! A. Hepatitis A ! ! B. Influenza ! ! C. Rotavirus !! D. Tetanus ! !! Question 10 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following diseases may be 4 to 6 times greater in children who are adopted internationally as opposed to children born in the United States?! A. Viral hepatitis ! ! B. Tuberculosis ! ! C. Intestinal infections ! ! D. HIV ! !! Question 11 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following is NOT a parasite?! A. Scabies ! ! B. Head lice !! C. Ringworm ! ! D. Intestinal worms ! !! Question 12 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Sneezing on some blocks that are touched a few minutes later by another child is an example of:!

Faysel Ali

A. droplet spread. ! ! B. airborne transmission. ! ! C. fecal-oral transmission. ! ! D. bloodborne transmission. ! !! Question 13 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! Eighty-nine percent of illnesses among children in child care settings are attributed to which of the following?! A. Respiratory tract illnesses ! ! B. Skin infections ! ! C. Acute infectious diarrhea !! D. Intestinal infections ! !! Question 14 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following is not a vaccine-preventable disease?! A. Pertussis (Whooping cough) ! ! B. Conjunctivitis ! ! C. Measles ! ! D. Tetanus ! !! Question 15 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! If a teacher is asked to administer complementary and alternative medicine to children such as herbal supplements for common colds, he/she should:! A. refuse to administer the medicine before checking with a doctor. ! ! B. encourage the parents to administer the medicine at home only. ! ! C. use the proper procedure for administration of medicines. ! ! D. encourage a different treatment. !!! Question 16 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! Each of the following statements is true regarding incubation periods EXCEPT:! A. there is great variability of incubation periods. ! ! B. the period of contagiousness matches the incubation period. ! ! C. the time between the child’s first exposure to an infectious agent and when the first symptom of illness appears is called the incubation period. !! D. the incubation period helps teachers know how long to watch for the spread of the disease. ! !! Question 17 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following infections are NOT dangerous to the fetus of a mother exposed to them?! A. Chickenpox ! ! B. Athlete’s foot ! ! C. Coxsackie virus ! ! D. Fifth disease ! !!

Question 18 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! The body’s immune system is highly effective at killing off most:! A. viruses. ! ! B. bacteria. ! ! C. fungi. ! ! D. parasites. !!! Question 19 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! Keeping skin cuts and scrapes clean and dry is more likely to prevent:! A.! MRSA—methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.!! B. hepatitis B. ! ! C. hepatitis C. ! ! D. HIV. ! !! Question 20 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following is caused by bacteria?! A. Common cold ! ! B. Head lice !! C. Athlete’s foot ! ! D. Tuberculosis ! !! Part 2 of 2 -! 22.5/ 50.0 Points!! Question 21 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Spaces used to provide care and education for young children need to be accessible to children with special developmental needs as described in the requirements of:! A. IDEA. ! ! B. GSA. ! ! C. NAEYC. ! ! D. ADA. ! !! Question 22 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following age groups has the highest number of deaths due to drowning?! A. Birth to 1 year ! ! B. 1 to 4yearsold ! ! C. 5 to 9 years old ! ! D. 9 to 15 years old !!! Question 23 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following factors is least likely to be related to fatality rates due to injuries?! A. Child’s sex ! !

B. Child’s race ! ! C. Family income ! ! D. Child’s participation in out-of-home care ! !! Question 24 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! All of the following are important for ensuring children’s daily safety EXCEPT:! A. reviewing the environment for safety every day. !! B. implementing a predictable schedule. ! ! C. managing unanticipated events. !! D. increasing the number of transitions and planning fewer blocks of playtime. ! !! Question 25 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! The leading cause of death of children under the age of one year is! A. SIDS. ! ! B. falls. ! ! C. burns. ! ! D. drowning. !!! Question 26 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! According to NAEYC, classroom square footage should be:! A. 75 square feet per child. !! B. 50 square feet per child. !! C. 25 square feet per child. !! D. 35 square feet per child. !!! Question 27 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! A teacher should do which of the following if a parent involved in a custody battle with the other custodial parent asks the teacher to restrict access to the child?! A. Avoid being drawn into family disagreements and explain that the school setting is a safe and neutral area for the child. ! ! B. Take each situation individually and determine which parent is more stable. ! ! C. Develop a relationship with external professionals involved in the matter and listen to their advice. ! ! D. Record their request in writing before following through with their request. ! !! Question 28 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! All states and the District of Columbia are required to monitor child care in which of the following ways?! A. Creating safety standards for child care centers. ! ! B. Establishing standards for child care including monitoring and enforcement. ! ! C. Setting standards that are the same nationwide for all programs that serve young children. ! ! D. Providing guidance for day camps and in-home child care. ! !! Question 29 of 40!

0.0/ 2.5 Points! The primary principle of the NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct states:! A. above all, teachers are responsible for the safety of children. ! ! B. above all, infants must be watched closer than any other age. !! C. above all, we shall not harm children. ! ! D. above all, teachers must be aware of safety problems. !!! Question 30 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Dividing the children’s play area into zones is helpful during outside playtime that is:! A. supervised by more than one teacher. ! ! B. supervised by only one teacher. !! C. comprised of mixed age groups. !! D. unsupervised. ! !! Question 31 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a reminder of the important contribution teachers make because it emphasizes the:! A. need to address children’s cultural practices. ! ! B. building blocks of social and emotional development in early childhood. ! ! C. importance of modeling desired behaviors. ! ! D. essential role of physical and emotional safety in the classroom to promote children’s well- being. !!! Question 32 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following statements is FALSE?! A. Unintentional injuries can result in a potentially disabling outcome. ! ! B. Unintentional injuries include accidents associated with learning new ! skills (falling when you learn to walk). ! ! C. Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death in early childhood. ! ! D. Unintentional injuries are over-reported because children are so vulnerable. ! !! Question 33 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Children feel protected and free from worry about their physical and emotional safety when early childhood classrooms are seen as a/an:! A. educational establishment. ! ! B. learning center. ! ! C. refuge for children. ! ! D. institution. ! !! Question 34 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Where do most reported injuries to young children occur?! A. Child’s home ! ! B. Child care centers ! ! C. Public schools ! !

D. Parks ! !! Question 35 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! A teacher who is considering safe and smooth arrival times in a preschool group will:! A. plan child-directed activities at arrival time. ! ! B. plan an interesting whole group activity during arrival time. ! ! C. provide books and magazines to read. ! ! D. plan for outdoor play during arrival time. ! !! Question 36 of 40! 2.5/ 2.5 Points! A teacher who helps a toddler place shape blocks into a puzzle and periodically looks up to scan the remainder of the room, make eye contact, and smile at other children who are playing is likely doing which of the following?! A. Maintaining attention for safe supervision between the individual and the group ! ! B. Failing to position herself/himself appropriately !! C. Attending to the needs of the individual but not the group ! ! D. Relying on another adult in the classroom to maintain safe supervision ! !! Question 37 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following approaches would help teach a safety message to a misbehaving toddler?! A. Remove the child to time-out for time to cool down. ! ! B. Model the safe choice while stating it, so the toddler can connect words to the meaning. ! ! C. Punish inappropriate behavior consistently. ! ! D. Talk to the toddler after he does something wrong so he feels encouraged. ! !! Question 38 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! If children respond with frustration during a block of playtime because they don’t want to transition, what should a teacher do?! A. Plan additional transitions throughout the day so children become more familiar with them. ! ! B. Plan fewer large blocks of playtime. ! ! C. Move gradually into the transition by directing small groups of children to clean up. ! ! D. Set consequences for children who do not cooperate during transition time. ! !! Question 39 of 40! 0.0/ 2.5 Points! Stricter standards designed to increase the quality and safety of children’s settings have the potential to push some children into settings that are less safe because:! A. implementing more rigorous safety standards carries more hidden costs. ! ! B. children are tempted to engage in more risky situations when more rigorous safety standards are in place. ! ! C. parents don’t support more rigorous safety standards. !! D. child care centers will not be able to follow more rigorous safety standards. ! !! Question 40 of 40!

0.0/ 2.5 Points! Which of the following age groups has the highest number of deaths due to motor vehicle and traffic accidents?! A. Birth to 1 year ! ! B. 1 to 4yearsold ! ! C. 5 to 9 years old ! ! D. 9 to 15 years old !!

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