Science

Question 1 of 40

2.5 Points

All of following are considered physical abuse EXCEPT:

A. depriving a child of food.

B. fabricating illness and claiming the child has symptoms that do not exist.

C. poisoning with huge amounts of water.

D. intentional, violent shaking. Reset Selection

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Question 2 of 40

2.5 Points

The majority of child fatalities due to maltreatment in 2010 were due to:

A. physical abuse.

B. sexual abuse.

C. a combination of types of maltreatment.

D. neglect. Reset Selection

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Question 3 of 40

2.5 Points

Giving CPR to children differs from adults because CPR includes:

A. rescue breaths only for children.

B. compressions, plus two rescue breaths for children.

C. compressions, plus two rescue breaths for adults.

D. rescue breaths only for adults. Reset Selection

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Question 4 of 40

2.5 Points

All of the following are covered in the Good Samaritan Doctrine EXCEPT:

A. help must be a volunteer act.

B. the person receiving the help must not object.

C. actions of the helper must be a good faith effort to provide emergency care.

D. help is only provided when the need for professional medical assistance is questionable. Reset Selection

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Question 5 of 40

2.5 Points

What should early childhood teachers do when children are interested in exploring frightening topics?

A. Plan activities that provide alternative and appropriate ways for children to explore frightening topics.

B. Stress to children the reasons why they should not be fearful and distract them away from the frightening topic.

C. Ignore the children’s interest because it will disappear after they work through it in their own way.

D. Talk to individual children about their desires and set firm boundaries against such play. Reset Selection

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Question 6 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following is the correct approach if a child care teacher has reasonable suspicions of child maltreatment?

A. The teacher must immediately report it to law enforcement or a child protective agency in the area.

B. The teacher should first contact the family for clarification.

C. The teacher must first report to the director.

D. The teacher should first begin a file to document evidence regarding the suspicion. Reset Selection

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Question 7 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following is NOT a strategy for addressing maltreatment and violence?

A. Provide continuity in daily routines.

B. Provide appropriate ways to express emotions

C. Acknowledge and support individual needs and coping strategies.

D. Make choices for children, so they are not overwhelmed. Reset Selection

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Question 8 of 40

2.5 Points

Temporary confusion or loss of consciousness, uncontrolled jerking of arms, legs and head, staring straight ahead with no recognition, are symptoms of:

A. shock.

B. seizure.

C. heatstroke.

D. electrical shock. Reset Selection

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Question 9 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following statements is true about children who have a disability? They are:

A. less likely to be abused than a child who does not have a disability.

B. more than twice as likely to be abused than a child who does not have a disability.

C. half as likely to be abused as a child who does not have a disability.

D. about as likely to be abused as a child who does not have a disability. Reset Selection

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Question 10 of 40

2.5 Points

Efforts to protect children from abuse first emerged from the:

A. Child Welfare Information Gateway.

B. Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

C. Child Abuse Prevention Gateway.

D. Department of Public and Regulatory Services. Reset Selection

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Question 11 of 40

2.5 Points

Child death from maltreatment is most often caused by:

A. the mother.

B. the father.

C. a close relative.

D. the stepparent. Reset Selection

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Question 12 of 40

2.5 Points

Why might children act aggressively towards others, cling, or regress in toileting or language development?

A. They have been affected by violence.

B. They are exhibiting immature physical development.

C. They were shaken as a baby.

D. They have not developed healthy attachment behaviors. Reset Selection

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Question 13 of 40

2.5 Points

Each of the following is a primary goal of first aid EXCEPT to:

A. preserve life.

B. prevent risk to others.

C. avoid additional injury.

D. assist with recovery. Reset Selection

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Question 14 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following steps should a teacher take when addressing violence in children’s play themes (such as superheroes)?

A. Ban all violent play

B. Offer diversions to violent play

C. Ignore violent play initially

D. Dismiss violent play if there are no hurtful acts Reset Selection

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Question 15 of 40

2.5 Points

For injuries requiring emergency first aid, when should medical personnel be called to reduce further injury and to avoid risk of death?

A. Only if the child is not responding

B. After contacting the parents

C. At once

D. It depends on each individual situation Reset Selection

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Question 16 of 40

2.5 Points

An emergency management plan does NOT include:

A. options for taking shelter.

B. a plan for anticipating potential threats.

C. children’s names and parents’ phone numbers.

D. a plan for transporting children. Reset Selection

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Question 17 of 40

2.5 Points

Who specifies the first aid supplies that are required for children’s settings in addition to child care licensing agencies?

A. The American Academy of Pediatrics

B. The National Association for the Education of Young Children

C. The local health department

D. The child care center director Reset Selection

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Question 18 of 40

2.5 Points

Gloves, goggles, spray bottles, soap, and bags for safe disposal are items that should be included in a:

A. blood-spill kit.

B. burn kit.

C. vomit-spill kit.

D. pet cage cleaning kit. Reset Selection

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Question 19 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following groups is at highest risk based on the racial distribution of perpetrators of child maltreatment?

A. Caucasians

B. African Americans

C. Hispanics

D. Indian Reset Selection

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Question 20 of 40

2.5 Points

Loss of electricity or water, fires, and chemical spills are considered which of the following?

A. Natural disasters

B. Technological disasters

C. Threats to personal safety

D. Health emergencies Reset Selection

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Part 2 of 2 –

Question 21 of 40

2.5 Points

All of the following help teachers to create an environment that enhances and supports the natural rhythms of eating EXCEPT:

A. avoiding emotional upset during lunchtime.

B. planning meals and snacks every 3–4 hours.

C. serving meals that are appealing to children’s sight, aroma, and taste.

D. ignoring distractions such as parents coming early to pick up children during meal times. Reset Selection

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Question 22 of 40

2.5 Points

It is important for teachers to choose foods that match children’s ability to chew because:

A. the start of digestive action takes place when foods are chewed.

B. this reduces the risk of choking.

C. taste buds work more affectively when food is chewed.

D. chewing is essential for saliva production. Reset Selection

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Question 23 of 40

2.5 Points

The fastest rate of brain development growth occurs:

A. prenatally.

B. from the last trimester of pregnancy to age 2.

C. from birth to 1 year.

D. from ages 3 to 5. Reset Selection

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Question 24 of 40

2.5 Points

A limiting amino acid in food refers to:

A. animal sources of food that lack an essential amino acid.

B. plant sources of food that have a limited amount of a particular essential amino acid.

C. are found in abundantly in plant foods but are limited in animal sources.

D. are amino acids that come from fats and therefore must be limited. Reset Selection

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Question 25 of 40

2.5 Points

Critical elements of social and emotional development during the first year of life do NOT include:

A. safety.

B. Security.

C. independence.

D. trust. Reset Selection

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Question 26 of 40

2.5 Points

__________ are a macronutrient that is necessary for growth and repair of the body, the regulation of the processes within the body, and sometimes if needed is used for energy.

A. Carbohydrates

B. Fats

C. Minerals

D. Proteins Reset Selection

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Question 27 of 40

2.5 Points

A focused and healthy approach to help guide 2-year-olds is:

A. scolding inappropriate behaviors.

B. withdrawing affection for undesirable behaviors.

C. establishing clear boundaries.

D. limiting exploration. Reset Selection

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Question 28 of 40

2.5 Points

Absorbed nutrients are transported to the different cells within the body and are used to generate energy in a process called:

A. metabolism.

B. digestion.

C. absorption.

D. energy release. Reset Selection

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Question 29 of 40

2.5 Points

Mental health refers to children’s abilities to do each the following EXCEPT:

A. understand and manage their emotions and behaviors.

B. function positively with others in age and developmentally appropriate ways.

C. form meaningful relationships.

D. engage in perspective taking. Reset Selection

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Question 30 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following is LEAST likely to cause diarrhea in young children?

A. Sugar-free gum

B. Juices high in sorbitol

C. Drinks with caffeine

D. Whole wheat bread Reset Selection

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Question 31 of 40

2.5 Points

Red beans and rice, peanut butter and whole-grain bread, and bean burritos are all examples of:

A. complete proteins.

B. complementary proteins.

C. protein-based enzymes.

D. amino acids. Reset Selection

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Question 32 of 40

2.5 Points

The transport of nutrients from the gastrointestinal tract into the body is called:

A. absorption.

B. conversion.

C. digestion.

D. malabsorption. Reset Selection

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Question 33 of 40

2.5 Points

Water-soluble vitamins include:

A. A and D.

B. A and C.

C. B and C.

D. K and C. Reset Selection

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Question 34 of 40

2.5 Points

Children’s social and emotional development is:

A. predictable.

B. not predictable.

C. discontinuous.

D. self-centered. Reset Selection

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Question 35 of 40

2.5 Points

Characteristics of social and emotional development of 2-year-olds include all of the following EXCEPT:

A. imitating behaviors of others.

B. interacting cooperatively with others.

C. showing defiant behaviors.

D. demonstrating increased independence. Reset Selection

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Question 36 of 40

2.5 Points

With regard to sugar, researchers have found which of the following to be true?

A. Children with attention hyperactivity disorder behave overwhelmingly better without sugar.

B. All children behave better with less sugar intake.

C. There is no link between hyperactivity and sugar intake in the general population.

D. Sugars cause attention hyperactivity disorder. Reset Selection

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Question 37 of 40

2.5 Points

Developing a social smile, enjoying playing with people, imitating movements and facial expressions, and expressing communication with face and body are characteristics typical of the first:

A. month of life.

B. 3 months of life.

C. 6 months of life.

D. year of life. Reset Selection

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Question 38 of 40

2.5 Points

Current focus on children’s mental health includes each of the following EXCEPT:

A. increasing awareness of childhood mental illness.

B. reducing the stigma of mental disorders.

C. strengthening the mental health evaluation and treatment of mental disorders.

D. mandating parent education for children with mental disorders. Reset Selection

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Question 39 of 40

2.5 Points

From one to two years of age, children are:

A. egotistical.

B. independent.

C. untrusting.

D. egocentric. Reset Selection

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Question 40 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following is LEAST likely to help prevent constipation in young children?

A. More frequent meals and snacks

B. Opportunities to drink more water

C. Nutritious foods rich in fiber

D. Sufficient time for physical activities

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