SCIENCE

Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

A scientist wishes to represent the location of an earthquake in California. Which type of model is most appropriate for this purpose?

[removed] Computer simulation

[removed] Equation

[removed] Graph

[removed] Map


 

Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

Which of the following resulted from the growing consensus within the scientific community as to the accuracy of the Big Bang theory?

[removed] New scientific laws were created.

[removed] An older theory was supported.

[removed] Older theories were disproved.

[removed] New problems were considered untestable.


 

Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

When a local farmer found oil bubbling to the surface in one of his fields, he reported the information to a group of scientists. After 30 years of experimentation, the scientists develop a new theory about how oil formed beneath this location. How do you know that this information is really a theory?

[removed] The theory proves a scientific law.

[removed] Most of the data were unobservable.

[removed] The theory was developed over time.

[removed] The data describe a natural phenomenon.


 

Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

When a scientific investigation produces evidence that does not support the hypothesis, what can you conclude about the investigation?

[removed] A law has been formed.

[removed] A theory remains accurate.

[removed] A theory has been disproved.

[removed] More investigations need to be completed.


 

Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

Which type of model is represented in the following image?

A model showing the locations of coal mines in the United States

Public Domain

[removed] Computer simulation

[removed] Graph

[removed] Map

[removed] Small-scale object


 

Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

Which of the following statements is true regarding both theories and laws?

[removed] Test problems

[removed] Require consensus

[removed] Lead to hypotheses

[removed] Explain data


 

Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

A pair of scientists proposes two different theories to explain the same set of observations. Which of the following best explains the value of these competing theories?

[removed] Competing theories can be a source of new, testable ideas.

[removed] Competing theories are necessary to transform a theory into a law.

[removed] Competing theories generate controversy that helps popularize ideas.

[removed] Competing theories allow scientists to combine the most interesting aspects of both theories.


 

Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

Scott stated the following series of observations. Which represents a theory?

[removed] I observed three stars in the sky.

[removed] The stars give off light.

[removed] Light travels at 300,000 kilometers per second.

[removed] Stars are balls of hot gases.


 

Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

Which of the following objects would require the use of a large-scale model?

[removed] An atom

[removed] A car engine

[removed] A frog’s heart

[removed] The Mississippi River


 

Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)

Which best describes how equations are used in science?

[removed] An equation is a type of graph.

[removed] An equation is a type of theory.

[removed] Equations use symbols to represent data.

[removed] Equations show the locations of distant objects.

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