Psychology

Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)

1. According to the Research Hot Topic box, The Internet and Cybersex, what is known about people at risk for overuse of cybersex?

a. They tend to be unemployed males between the ages of 18 and 30.

b. No empirical data are available addressing this issue.

c. Persons who have obsessive-compulsive disorder are at higher risk.

d. Females who are single and live alone are at slightly higher risk.

2. Monique is seven years old and prefers wearing her older brother’s clothes to the frilly dresses her mother wants her to wear. She has gone so far as to repeatedly insist that she is a boy and she chooses only male playmates at school. Most likely, Monique is showing the childhood

correlates of _

a. gender identity disorder

b. transvestic fetishism

c. transgender behavior disorder

d. transsexual gender disorder

3. Those who have gender identity disorder may be at comorbid risk for anxiety, depression, and

a. schizophrenia

b. personality disorders

c. substance abuse

d. suicide attempts

4. Frank asked his boss for a meeting yesterday, during which he explained that he would be returning to work next week dressed in women’s clothes, and at that point, would like to be called Frances. He explained that this was an important part of a process for the treatment of his

a. homosexual disorder.

b. gender fetish disorder.

c. gender identity disorder.

d. hermaphroditic disorder.

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5. Female sexual arousal disorder is characterized by a consistent inability to attain or maintain an adequate lubrication-swelling response until the completion of sexual activity. According to your text, why is this disorder controversial?

a. It may not exist independently of disorders of sexual desire or orgasmic disorder.

b. There is very limited empirical support for it.

c. It always accompanies cases of decreased sexual desire.

d. It is considered to be another example of labeling normal sexual behavior as dysfunctional.

6. Many women cannot have sexual intercourse due to pain in the outer part of their vagina. Such women may not allow gynecologists to perform a pelvic exam because a speculum cannot be inserted without causing extreme pain from muscle spasms. Which of the following disorders would these women be most likely to have?

a. dyspareunia

b. dyspepsia

c. vaginismus

d. anorgasm ia

7. Caffeine has an effect on the drinker of

a. no more than 2 hours.

b. up to 6 hours or more.

c. 4 hours after ingestion.

d. less than 2 hours after ingestion.

8. How many adolescents in the U.S. smoke?

a. l.2 million b.3 million

c. 17 million

d. 44 million

9. Alcohol abuse and dependence are

a. more likely to have negative health consequences for men than women.

b. more common among men than women.

c. less common among whites than Hispanic populations.

d. typically rare among Native American persons.

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10. Amphetamines have adverse effects. Which of the following is NOT one of those adverse effects?

a. Dangerous Elevations in Blood Pressure

b. Dangerous Elevations in Heart Rate

c. Stroke Risk

d. Hypothalamic Abnormalities

11. Barbiturates and benzodiazepines are

a. central nervous system stimulants.

b. effective for use with anxiety and non-add ictive.

c. central nervous system depressants.

d. both commonly prescribed.

12. Which of the following inhalant substances is NOT one of the drugs most commonly used by teens?

a. Rubbing Alcohol

b. Cleaning Fluid

c. Glue

d. Paint

13. Janice came to her local hospital tonight because she feels beetles crawling around inside her body. With the exception of numerous scratch marks, no medical abnormalities were found. Janice remains convinced that she is infested with beetles. What type of hallucinations is she experiencing?

a. Visual

b. Olfactory

c. Gustatory

d. Somatic

14. Treatment of schizophrenia should begin as soon as possible after symptoms appear because

a. drug treatments are less effective over time.

b. delay increases the severity of the functional impairment.

c. early treatment is often completely curative.

d. prompt intervention always leads to fewer inpatient hospitalizations.

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15. When a person is under the age of 18 years and is diagnosed with schizophrenia, the disorder is called

a. childhood-induced schizophrenia.

b. adolescence-induced schizophrenia.

c. pre-adult schizophrenia.

d. early-onset schizophren ia.

16. Decreased amounts of and are thought to be contributing

factors in the development of the cognitive impairments of schizophrenia.

a. glutamate, serotonin

b. serotonin, dopamine

c. dopamine, glutamate

d. GABA, glutamate

17. Med ications widely avai lable before the 1990s that are effective in reduci ng on Iy the

_____ symptoms of schizophrenia are called _

a. negative, typical antipsychotics

b. negative, atypical anti psychotics

c. positive, typical anti psychotics

d. positive, atypical anti psychotics

18. Which of the following IS NOT a reason stated in your text for medical non-compliance among schizophrenic patients?

a. Distress Over Side Effects

b. Embarrassment or Stigma

c. Alcohol and Substance Abuse

d. Lack of Money

19. personal ity disorder involves a pervasive pattern of detachment from social

relationships and a restricted range of emotional expression in interpersonal settings.

a. Paranoid

b. Schizoid

c. Schizotypal

d. Antisocial

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20. In order for antisocial personality disorder to be diagnosed, the patient must be at least

a. 18 years old and have had symptoms of conduct disorder before age 15.

b. 21 years old and have had symptoms of conduct disorder before age 18.

c. 18 years old and have had no symptoms of conduct disorder before age 15.

d. 21 years old and have had no symptoms of conduct disorder before age 18.

21. Patients with which personality disorder display a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation?

a. Histrionic

b. Avoidant

c. Dependent

d. Obsessive-compulsive

22. A patient who meets the diagnostic criteria for more than one personality disorder is diagnosed with

a. personality disorder–not otherwise specified.

b. personality disorder–undifferentiated.

c. personality disorder–residual.

d. personality disorder–mixed.

23. Functional impairments in personality disorders are most often seen in what area?

a. Cognitive deficits b, School

c. Medical problems

d. Interpersonal relationships

24. In a set of research studies described in the text, a group of two-year olds were initially categorized as being inhibited or uninhibited. Twenty years later, the participants

a. retained some of the basic brain properties relating to temperament that initially differentiated the two groups.

b. had the same chance of developing a personality disorder regardless of which group they were originally in.

c. were diagnosed with narcissistic and histrionic personality disorders more often if they were in the uninhibited group.

d. lost all of the basic brain properties relating to temperament that initially differentiated the two groups.

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25. Good attachment in childhood results in the ability to think about the mental states

of others, or , which is important to personality development.

a. empathy

b. sympathy

c. mentalization

d. compartmentalization

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Written Assignment for Unit Three

• Include your name, student number, course number, course title and unit number on each page of your written assignment (this is for your protection in case your materials become separated).

• Begin each written assignment by identifying the question number you are answering followed by the actual question itself (in bold type).

• Use a standard essay format for responses to all questions (i.e. an introduction, middle paragraphs and conclusion).

• Responses must be submitted as a MS Word Document only, typed double-spaced, using a

standard font (i.e. Times New Roman) and 12 point type size.

Word count is NOT one of the criteria that is used in assigning points to written assignments. However, students who are successful in earning the maximum number of points tend to submit written assignments that fall in the following ranges:

Undergraduate courses: 350 – 500 words or 1 – 2 pages. Graduate courses: 500 – 750 words or 2 – 3 pages. Doctoral courses: 750 – 1000 words or 4 – 5 pages.

Plagiarism

All work must be free of any form of plagiarism. Put written answers into your own words. Do not simply cut and paste your answers from the I nternet and do not copy your answers from the textbook. Be sure to refer to the course Syllabus for more details on plagiarism and proper citation styles.

Please answer ONE of the following:

1. List and examine at least FIVE of the thirteen principles of effective treatment for substance abuse that are discussed in the text.

2. Analyze the diagnostic criteria and associated features of gender identity disorder.

3. Examine the dopamine hypothesis and comment on the three possible roles the neurotransmitter may play in schizophrenia.

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