Psychology

Please answer ONE of the following:

1. ThQ dQS”‘” to w h ic h a researcher con generClliz:e findings rrom a randomized controlled design depends on several factors, including type of design, participant selection procedures, internal and external validity, and assessment strategies. Analyze how each of these elements affect the general izabi I ity of research outcomes.

2. Is it possible for a research study to have statistically significant results but limited clinical value? Defend your position.

3. The dimensional model of classification suggests that symptoms of what we now call “disorders” are really extreme variations of normal experience. Examine this statement, providing an example in your discussion.

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Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)

1. As a patient describes his symptoms to a clinician, she begins to suspect that he is suffering from an anxiety disorder. When he mentions fearing class presentations and dropping classes to

avoid them, she knows that he _

a. is likely to need medication to help him relax

b. has just cited two classic behavioral symptoms of anxiety

c. probably suffers from obsessive-compulsive disorder

d. comes from a highly anxious family

2. A child’s developmental hierarchy of fear depends on the child’s chronological age and

a. level of cogn itive development.

b. level of social development.

c. mental age.

d. ability to form attachments.

3. Which of the following is TRUE of an individual diagnosed with agoraphobia without history of panic disorder?

a. The person has panic disorder that is in remission.

b. The person has never been diagnosed as having panic disorder.

c. The person fears open spaces because of previous panic attacks.

d. The disorder usually remits without treatment.

4. The case in your text of Ginny, the nurse who is bothered by insects, illustrates

a. a specific phobia.

b. the importance of confronting one’s fears.

c. the extent to which social support mediates fear.

d. a classic case of agoraphobia.

5. By completing rituals, individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder believe they can neutralize the threat of something bad. This behavior is maintained through which of the following behavioral mechan isms?

a. positive reinforcement

b. exti nction

c. stimulus discrimination

d. negative reinforcement

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6. Although approximately 6.8 of the adult U.S. population suffers from PTSD. the rate for

combat-related PTSD among veterans is about _

a. 18.5 b.50 c.5 d.38

7. Biofeedback training often combines monitoring of physiological responses with

a. in vivo exposure.

b. medication.

c. self-reports of anxiety levels.

d. relaxation training.

8. At least 7 to 18 of the U.S. population has experienced at least one episode of major

depression by the age of _

a. 60

b. 20

c. 40

d. 10

9. Even though approximately 20 of the general population report physical symptoms with no organic basis, many

a. do not seek medical treatment.

b. do not meet DSM criteria for a somatoform disorder.

c. doctor-shop but do not choose to have surgery.

d. know that their symptoms have psychological origins.

10. Body dysmorphic disorder in adolescence

a. impairs social but not academic functioning.

b. leads to a high drop-out rate for high schoolers.

c. is linked to suicidal ideation and suicide attempts.

d. is usually a passing problem that remits in early adulthood.

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11. According to the integrative model, which of the following factors influence the onset and maintenance somatoform disorders?

a. psychological, cultural and perceptual factors.

b. medical, sociological, and psychological factors.

c. biological, psychological, social and cultural factors.

d. cultural, medical, and gender factors.

12. Tad is being treated for body dysmorphic disorder and is currently undergoing relaxation training. He is most likely being seen by a therapist with which of the following orientations?

a. Psychoanalytic

b. Cognitive-Behavioral

c. Rational-Emotive

d. Psychiatric

13. Which of the following has contributed to the questionable scientific status of the category dissociative identity disorder?

a. Low prevalence rates of the disorder

b. The violent nature of persons with the disorder

c. Its restriction to the American cu Iture

d. The lack of empirical quantitative investigations

14. According to your authors, dysthymic disorder can best be conceptualized as a(n) _

a. chronic state of depression

b. fluctuating pattern of high and low moods

c. intermittent period of deep depression

d. disorder caused by genetic factors

15. Bipolar disorder is a long-term disorder associated with emotional mood swings between the poles of mania and depression with

a. no moods characterized as normal.

b. a week of normal mood between swings.

c. possible normal moods.

d. hypomania the most pronounced feature.

16. The various types of bipolar disorder each

a. follow roughly the same course of illness.

b. have a different course of illness.

c. begin at different points in life.

d. end in early ad u Ithood.

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17.Which figure below is the best estimate of the percentage of new mothers who develop the “baby blues” within a few days of childbirth?

a.80 b.50 c.20 d.30

18. The genetic correlation between general ized anxiety disorder and major depression is

a.52. b. 100. c.37. d.19.

19. Which of the following IS NOT a risk factor for suicide?

a. Psychiatric Illness

b. Family History

c. Educational Level

d. Biological Factors

20. Psychological features often associated with anorexia nervosa include _

a. anxiety and personality disorders

b. anxiety and childhood disorders

c. depression and somatoform disorders u. uepressron and anxiety

21.The most important personality trait found in cases of anorexia nervosa is

a. perfectionism.

b. conscientiousness.

c. agreeableness.

d. responsibility.

22.Unlike anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa is

a. a visible eating disorder.

b. an invisible eating disorder.

c. life-threatening.

d. found in women only.

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23. Bulimia nervosa IS more prevalent among females and tends to develop in

a. less industrialized countries.

b. families with more than 3 female children.

c. late childhood and early adolescence.

d. late adolescence or early adulthood.

24. Willie enjoys eating in the university cafeteria because it features an all-you-can-eat buffet. He prefers to wait until most people have dined before entering the facility because he feels awkward about the amount he consumes. Willie usually eats until he feels uncomfortable, although he does not purge. He is most likely to have which of the following disorders?

a. Bulimia Nervosa

b. Binge-Eating disorder

c. Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified

d. Anorexia Nervosa-binge eating type

25.Christina is a middle school student going through puberty before her female classmates.

Consequently, she may be at

a. lower risk for developing dissatisfaction with her body.

b. greater risk for developi ng an eati ng disorder.

c. less risk for being underweight.

d. greater risk for being sexually abused.

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Written Assignment for Unit Two

• Include your name, student number, course number, course title and unit number on each page of your written assignment (this is for your protection in case your materials become separated).

• Begin each written assignment by identifying the question number you are answering followed by the actual question itself (in bold type).

• Use a standard essay format for responses to all questions (i.e. an introduction, middle paragraphs and concl usion),

• Responses must be submitted as a MS Word Document only, typed double-spaced, using a

standard font (i.e. Times New Roman) and 12 point type size.

Word count is NOT one of the criteria that is used in assigning points to written assignments. However, students who are successful in earning the maximum number of points tend to submit written assignments that fall in the following ranges:

Undergraduate courses: 350 – 500 words or 1 – 2 pages. Graduate courses: 500 – 750 words or 2 – 3 pages. Doctoral courses: 750 – 1000 words or 4 – 5 pages.

Plagiarism

All work must be free of any form of plagiarism. Put written answers into your own words. Do not simply cut and paste your answers from the I nternet and do not copy your answers from the textbook. Be sure to refer to the course Syllabus for more details on plagiarism and proper citation styles.

Please answer ONE of the following:

1. Analvze the contri butions +ha+ nPIIrt)im:;>ging dud ioc h.,vo mode toward our betler urider ::.laIILlill15 of potential causes of mood disorders.

2. Examine the factors given consideration in choosing inpatient treatment for a person suffering from anorexia nervosa.

3. Analyze the cognitive-behavioral approach to the treatment of eating disorders. Include core elements of the paradigm.

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