Psychology

A client reports the following: “I like spaghetti. Worms dig in the earth. It might rain today.” This is an example of: a. a delusion. b. a hallucination. c. a loosening of associations. d. Avolition. 5 points Question 2 Children with ____________ disorder demonstrate deficits in social interactions and communication and display repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. a. autistic b. Rett’s c. childhood disintegrative d. autism spectrum 5 points Question 3 Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely than children without a psychological disturbance to belong to families: a. that strictly enforce discipline through physical punishment. b. in which both parents are employed. c. that experience frequent disruptions and aggressive parents. d. from lower socioeconomic groups. 5 points Question 4 Disorders characterized by impairment in two key areas of development including deficits in social interactions, communication with others, and repetitive patterns of behavior are called _____. a. chronic developmental disorders b. autism spectrum disorder c. intellectual development disorder d. conduct disorder 5 points Question 5 Individuals with ______ violate the rights of others and society’s norms or laws. a. ADHD b. autism spectrum disorder c. conduct disorder d. oppositional defiant disorder 5 points Question 6 Kara has borderline personality disorder. She has a tendency to go from friendly and loving when she perceives someone as “good” to flying into a rage when she thinks that person has rejected her. Which of the following terms does Kara’s behavior exemplify? a. Parasuicide. b. Semantic dementia. c. Psychopathy. d. Splitting. 5 points Question 7 Psychosis refers to knowing the difference between: a. right and wrong. b. conscious and unconscious desires. c. what is real and what is not real. d. pleasure and pain. 5 points Question 8 Restricted affect refers to: a. a loss of motivation to complete tasks. b. a lack of pleasure. c. an absence of emotional expression. d. demonstration of delusions and hallucinations. 5 points Question 9 Roger curses at his parents and calls his mother degrading names. He slapped his schoolteacher because she told him that he needed “to get to work” and he doesn’t like anyone telling him what to do. After being suspended from school, Roger’s parents put him on restriction and he was not to watch TV or leave the house; however, as soon as he got up in the morning, Roger would leave to go hang out at the local convenience store and smoke. Which of the following behaviors best characterizes Roger’s behavior? a. Autism spectrum disorder. b. ADHD. c. Oppositional defiant disorder. d. Developmental coordination disorder. 5 points Question 10 The odd and eccentric behaviors seen in schizophrenia can resemble the symptoms of _____ disorder. a. obsessive-compulsive b. autism spectrum c. histrionic personality d. somatic symptom 5 points Question 11 The personality disorder that is characterized by rigidness, perfectionism, and emotional blockage is: a. avoidant personality disorder. b. dependent personality disorder. c. obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. d. histrionic personality disorder. 5 points Question 12 The term “psychopath” is synonymous with _____ personality disorder. a. borderline b. obsessive-compulsive c. antisocial d. narcissistic 5 points Question 13 Vic has demonstrated a long-standing pattern of disreputable and manipulative behaviors. He has a drug abuse problem and a long criminal record for a variety of crimes. What is worse, he shows no remorse for some of the harsh things he has done. Vic would most likely be diagnosed as having _____ personality disorder. a. borderline b. histrionic c. antisocial d. avoidant 5 points Question 14 Which of the following personality disorders is more likely to endorse beliefs such as “I don’t have to be bound by rules that apply to other people”? a. Borderline personality disorder. b. Schizotypal personality disorder. c. Avoidant personality disorder. d. Narcissistic personality disorder. 5 points Question 15 Which of the following statements about children with autism spectrum disorder is FALSE? a. They tend to become distressed when routines are changed. b. They often develop narrow and specifically focused interests. c. They may seem impervious to pain, heat, or cold. d. They rarely notice changes in sound, light, or smell. 5 points Question 16 Which of the following symptoms is characteristic of borderline personality disorder? a. Hallucinations. b. Manic behavior. c. Major depressive episodes. d. Unstable relationships. 5 points Question 17 Which personality disorder is characterized by an unstable or disorganized identity and is accompanied with odd beliefs, perceptions, and self-presentations? a. Paranoid personality disorder. b. Borderline personality disorder. c. Schizotypal personality disorder. d. Dependent personality disorder. 5 points Question 18 Which type of hallucinations is the most common in people with schizophrenia? a. Auditory. b. Visual. c. Tactile. d. Gustatory. 5 points Question 19 Why is ADHD considered to be a controversial diagnosis? a. There is no clinical data available to prove that the disorder exists. b. Most clients diagnosed with ADHD are just drug-seeking patients claiming to have ADHD to get their physician just to prescribe them the stimulant medications to treat it. c. Many mental health providers believe that the disorder is over diagnosed and is misapplied to individuals who are unwilling or unmotivated to focus on difficult or unpleasant tasks. d. Because those diagnosed with the disorder are primarily unwilling or unmotivated to focus on difficult or unpleasant tasks and this label excuses this behavior. 5 points Question 20 _____ are ideas that an individual believes are true but are highly unlikely and often simply impossible. a. Hallucinations b. Psychoses c. Deceptions d. Delusions 5 points Save and Submit

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