Psychology

ADVANCED HUMAN GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER 7 SURVEY

Early Childhood: Physical and Cognitive Development

DIRECTION: Circle ONLY the letter to the correct answer and write the page number where you

found the answer in the right hand margin.

1. From birth to age 5, the rate of growth in height:

A. declines sharply B. increases sharply

C. proceeds at a steady pace D. declines gradually

2. Which statement characterizes the appearance of most children?

A. Before age 2 children are slim and wiry and gain weight after age 2

B. From ages 2 to 6 children are generally slimmer than prior to age 2

C. Children maintain a chubby, top-heavy appearance until after age 6

D. Children are generally slim from birth through around the age of 6

3. Which motor skill develops more slowly?

A. gross B. grand

C. balance D. fine

4. It is recommended that a vision exam by an optometrist be performed on a child by _______of

age.

A. 5 to 6 years B. 3 to 4 years

C. 1 to 2 years D. 6 to 8 months

5. The brain of a typical 5-year-old will weigh _______ of its adult weight while her body will be

only about _______ of its adult weight.

A. 90 percent, one-third B. 50 percent, one-half

C. 30 percent, three-fourths D. 25 percent, nine-tenths

6. Cody has trouble sitting in his seat during class lessons and finds it difficult to focus on work

assigned to him in class or for homework. He bickers with his classmates and with his brother. His

pediatrician has suggested that Cody might benefit from Ritalin (methylphenidate). Cody has most

probably been diagnosed with:

A. ADHD

B. autism

C. otitis media

D. Asperger’s syndrome

7. In general, a child can eat most of the foods in family meals at what age?

A. 6 months B. 1 year

C. 2 years D. 3 ½ years

8. According to recent research, what is the most common chronic disease of early childhood?

A. cancer B. diabetes

C. cavities D. multiple sclerosis

Page 1 (Chapter 7 Survey)

9. Which of the following foods are common allergens?

A. eggs B. milk

C. peanuts D. all of these

10. In Westernized cultures, toilet training is usually mastered by:

A. age 1 ½ B. age 2

C. age 3 D. age 4

11. By what age do most children no longer require a daytime nap?

A. age 1 ½ B. age 2

C age 3 D. age 4

e h t s i t a h t e s a e s i d c i r t a i d e p c i n o r h c , s u o i r e s a s i _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . 2 1 d l i h c r o f n o s a e r n o m m o c t s o m

. admission to the hospital and is a major cause of school absences

A. Measles B. Mumps

C. Asthma D. Diabetes

13. Research which found that identical twins raised apart had IQ scores more alike than fraternal

twins raised together would tend to support which view of intelligence?

A. environmental B. ecological

C. holistic D. hereditarian

14. According to Piaget, children between the ages of 2 and 7 are in which stage of development?

A. concrete operations

B. preoperational

C. conservational

D. formal operations

15. The theory that probes children’s developing conceptions of major components of mental

activity is called:

A. the theory of mind

B. mental constructs

C. cognitive conception

D. concept development

16. The study of sounds in a language is called:

A. grammatical awareness

B. syntax

C. phonology

D. semantics

17. Which statement about stuttering is true?

A. Girls are more likely to suffer from stuttering than boys are.

B. Geneticists do not currently believe that stuttering is inherited.

C. There are no effective intervention services available for stutterers.

D. Parents should see a speech pathologist for stuttering children.

Page 2 (Chapter 7 Survey)

18. _________ refers to the retention of what has been experienced; _______ refers to remembering

what was learned earlier (for example, a scientific concept).

A. Recall; memory

B. Memory; recall

C. Recognition; memory

D. Recognition; recall

19. According to Piaget, preschool children have an underdeveloped moral sense because they lack

the ability to:

A. show altruistic behavior

B. understand intentionality

C. have sympathetic feelings

D. communicate their feelings

20. The developmental psychologist who researched the development of moral reasoning by

studying differences in children’s reasoning about moral dilemmas is:

A. Lev Vygotsky

B. Noam Chomsky

C. Lawrence Kohlberg

D. Howard Gardner

Page 3 (Chapter 7 Survey)

ADVANCED HUMAN GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER 8 SURVEY

Early Childhood: Emotional and Social Development

NAME _________________________________________DATE ________________________

DIRECTION: Circle ONLY the letter to the correct answer and write the page number where you

found the answer in the right hand margin.

1. Research has indicated that children aged 5 and aged 7 who employed ________solutions were

judged to be more socially competent, displaying fewer attention problems and disruptive

behaviors.

A. prosocial

B. cognitive

C. logical

D. surreptitious

2. All of the following can contribute to delays in emotional self-regulation EXCEPT:

A. prematurity

B. developmental disabilities

C. parental divorce

D. low-income household

3. All of the following tend to characterize girls’ play EXCEPT:

A. it is more intimate

B. it is likely to consist of a two-person group

C. it is more “rough and tumble”

D. it is less competitive than boys’ play

4. Researchers have found that therapeutic play:

A. tends to increase children’s aggressive behavior

B. tends to make children feel even more anxiety

C. tends to help children to express their emotions

D. tends to take away children’s sense of control

5. American parents typically tend to encourage which characteristics in their children’s play

behavior?

A. exploration

B. imagination

C. independence

D. all of these

6. The view that supports suppression of individual desire in favor of what is best for the group:

A. is rarer in Asian cultures

B. is known as collectivism

C. decreases bonding with parents

D. decreases obedience to authority

Page 1 (Chapter 8 Survey)

7. According to your textbook, around what age do children begin to develop the cognitive skills to

categorize people into different racial groups by using physical characteristics and social cues?

A. 3 B. 5

C. 7 D. 9

8. A person’s sense of self-worth or self-image is part of the overall dimension called:

A. self-esteem B. positive regard

C. cultural awareness D. performance initiative

9. Research has found that childhood self-esteem can:

A. have lifelong effects on attitudes and behavior

B. affect school performance

C. affect family relationships

D. all of these

10. The cognitive structure that we employ for selecting and processing information about ourselves

is the ________.

A. personality

B. self

C. personal cognitive structure

D. character

11. One of the central issues of early childhood is:

A. the child learning to trust the child’s caretakers

B. comprehending the concept of object permanence

C. developing a sense of a separate and distinct self

D. developmental achievement of ego integration

12. _______ is a particular type of motivation and inner strength that directs life and growth in such

a way as to become all one is capable of being.

A. Telepathy

B. Entelechy

C. Impulse

D. Impetus

13. The sets of cultural expectations that define the ways in which the members of each sex such

behave are known as:

A. gender roles

B. stereotypes

C. gender types

D. sexual categories

14. Gender identity is:

A. the characteristic traits one is born with

B. not related to socializing influences

C. an inherited characteristic

D. conception of self as male or female

Page 2 (Chapter 8 Survey)

15. Gender identity usually begins to form around what ages?

A. 1 to 2

B. 3 to 4

C. 5 to 6

D. 7 to 8

16. Brian has a favorite toy that is a baby doll. This is upsetting to Brian’s father because it conflicts

with society’s view of proper gender __________.

A. realities

B. roles

C. identities

D. characteristic

17. Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding hormones?

A. Both males and females have male and female hormones.

B. Progesterone makes males more aggressive than females.

C. The ratio of each hormone varies in males and females.

D. The predominance of female or male hormones influences the development of the fetal brain.

18. According to your textbook, which of the following statements is true?

A. Boys tend to be more verbal at an earlier age than girls do.

B. Girls have a greater tendency to be diagnosed with dyslexia.

C. Girls tend to be more analytical than boys, who are more active.

D. Girls tend to show more interest in people-oriented activities.

19. The theory associated with Lawrence Kohlberg, which claims that children first learn to label

themselves as “male” and “female” and then attempt to master the behaviors that fit their gender

category, is called:

A. psychosocial

B. psychoanalytical

C. cognitive learning

D. cognitive developmental

20. The process of transmitting culture, knowledge, skills, and dispositions that enable children to

participate effectively in group life is called:

A. conviviality

B. socialization

C. gender stereotyping

D. synchronization

Page 3 (Chapter 8 Survey)

ADVANCED HUMAN GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER 9 SURVEY

Middle Childhood: Physical and Cognitive Development

NAME _________________________________________DATE ________________________

DIRECTION: Circle ONLY the letter to the correct answer and write the page number where you

found the answer in the right hand margin.

1. During middle childhood physical growth is __________ than it is during early childhood or

adolescence.

A. slower

B. faster

C. the same as

D. much faster

2. Lisa and Mark are both 8 years old. Whom would you expect to mature faster? Whom would you

expect to have more body fat?

A. They would both mature at the same rate and have the same proportion of body fat.

B. Mark would mature faster and have more body fat.

C Lisa would mature faster and have more body fat.

D. Mark would mature faster and Lisa would have more body fat.

3. Which of these is the most common childhood illness?

A. measles

B. mumps

C. chicken pox

D. upper respiratory infection

Answer: D

4. The major cause of death of children in middle childhood is:

A. cancer

B. diabetes

C. accidents

D. leukemia

5. Which group has the highest mortality rate for children in middle childhood?

A. white

B. black

C. Hispanic

D. Asian

6. The definition cited in your textbook for obesity is:

A. having a body mass index greater than the 95th percentile for age and gender

B. having a body mass index greater than the 50th percentile for age and gender

C. having 50 pounds of excess weight for age and gender

D. having 70 pounds of excess weight for age and gender

Page 1 (Chapter 9 Survey)

7. What proportion of children between the ages of 6 and 11 was overweight in 2004?

A. Nearly one in three B. Nearly one in seven

C. Nearly one in five D. Nearly one half

8. Which of the following health risks is related to overweight in children?

A. early cardiovascular disease

B. diabetes mellitus

C. orthopedic problems

D. all of these

9. Although childhood obesity and overweight are on the increase, _________ is on the decrease.

A. physical education in public schools

B. sedentary activity

C. school vending machines that offer “junk” foods

D. consumption of fast food

10. The awareness and understanding of one’s own mental processes is called:

A. mental maps

B. cognitive awareness

C. metacognition

D. cognitive compatibility

11. Research on creativity has found that:

A. formal education is essential to the development of creativity

B. creative people are often conventional thinkers with dull personalities

C. creative people were often encouraged when they were young

D. creativity relies on sheer talent to become evident

12. At about what age do children come to recognize certain regularities or unchanging qualities in

the inner dispositions and behaviors of individuals?

A. 11

B. 6

C. 8

D. 4

13. Children in the concrete operations stage:

A. cannot understand words not tied to their own personal experiences

B. can only describe objects, people, and events by their physical characteristics

C. cannot make comparisons between classes of objects

D. can describe objects, people, and events by categories and functions

14. Assessment instruments that attempt to measure abilities such as cognitive processing and

achievement are called:

A. psychometric tests

B. psychotropic tests

C. instrumental tests

D. assessment variables

Page 2 (Chapter 9 Survey)

15. 12-year-old John has an IQ of 60. He is not able to perform daily living skills independently and

lacks communication and social skills. John would most likely be classified as having:

A. a learning disability

B. functional deficits

C. mental retardation

D. social deficits

16. The determination of the severity of mental retardation is based upon:

A. observed behaviors

B. scores from IQ tests

C. physical appearance

D. genetic impairments

17. Warren has an IQ of 102 but has difficulty using spoken and written language. His mathematical

abilities are above average. Warren would most likely be classified as having:

A. a learning disability

B. functional deficits

C. mental retardation

D. social deficits

18. Raymond is impulsive, cannot follow directions, and finds it difficult to wait his turn for

outdoor activities. He frequently leaves his assignments before he is finished to pursue some other

activity. Raymond’s disability is most likely:

A. dyslexia

B. dysgraphia

C. ADHD

D. dyscalculia

19. An Individualized Education Plan (IEP) is provided for all students who are classified as having

a disability. Which of the following people are involved in developing this plan?

A. school psychologist

B. child’s teacher

C. child advocate

D. all of these

20. According to your textbook, the largest proportion of students attends which alternative to

public schooling?

A. private schools

B. home schooling

C. charter schools

D. magnet schools

Page 3 (Chapter 9 Survey)

ADVANCED HUMAN GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER 11 SURVEY

Adolescence: Physical and Cognitive Development

NAME _________________________________________DATE ________________________

DIRECTION: Circle ONLY the letter to the correct answer and write the page number where you

found the answer in the right hand margin.

1. The period in the life cycle when sexual and reproductive maturation become evident is called

A. maturation B. preadolescence

C. puberty D. growth spurt

2. The adolescent growth spurt tends to occur:

A. earlier in girls than in boys B. earlier in boys than in girls

C. at the same time in boys and girls D. only among certain ethnic groups

3. Alyssa has just experienced her first menstrual period. This is known as:

A. ovulation B. menarche

C. menopause D. PMS

4. According to the research cited in your textbook, which girls would be more likely to develop

symptoms such as depression, substance abuse, eating disorders, and disruptive behavior?

A. those who had later puberty B. those who had early puberty

C. those who had insecure attachment D. those who had the most siblings

5. According to the research cited in your textbook, young white and African American women in

the United States:

A. have similar views regarding their bodies and body image

B. both express dissatisfaction with their bodies

C. both express satisfaction with their bodies

D. differ dramatically in how they view their bodies

6. The most common eating disorder in the United States is:

A. obesity B. underweight

C. bulimia D. anorexia

7. According to the survey cited in your textbook, what percent of high school students reported that

they smoked tobacco?

A. 5 B. 12

C. 19 D. 22

8. The most common setting for teenage drinking is:

A. public park grounds B. public school grounds

C. other people’s homes D. teens’ own bedrooms

Page 1 (Chapter 11 Survey)

9. What is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection in the United States?

A. syphilis B. gonorrhea

C. Chlamydia D. genital herpes

10. Which of the following statement is true regarding teens and sex?

A. More teens engage in oral sex because they believe it is more acceptable and less risky.

B. More teens engage in vaginal sex because they believe it is more acceptable and less risky.

C. Most teens do not use condoms.

D. U.S. teens have the lowest rates of gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia of the sexually active

populations.

11. According to the research cited in your textbook, condom use among sexually active

adolescents:

A. has decreased slightly B. has increased significantly

C. has decreased significantly D. has increased slightly

12. Sixteen-year-old Bart is getting a tattoo. Which of the following could be a reason for him to

engage in body art?

A. to demonstrate social identity B. to commemorate a special event

C. to be entertained D. all of these

13. According to the statistics cited in your textbook, adolescent rates of “seriously considering

suicide” over the past decade have_______ while the rates of actual attempted suicide_________.

A. increased; decreased B. decreased; increased

C. remained the same; decreased D. increased; remained the same

14. What is the major cause of death for adolescents?

A. heart disease B. driving accidents

C. assault (homicide) D. suicide

15. According to Piaget, adolescence is the final and highest stage in the development of cognitive

functioning from infancy to adulthood. It is called the period of:

A. concrete operations B. formal operations

C. operant thinking D. cognitive operations

Page 2 (Chapter 11 Survey)

ADVANCED HUMAN GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER 13 SURVEY

Early Adulthood: Physical and Cognitive Development

NAME _________________________________________DATE ________________________

DIRECTION: Circle ONLY the letter to the correct answer and write the page number where you

found the answer in the right hand margin.

1. A new developmental stage has been proposed. It spans the ages 18 through 25 and is a time that

involves greater exploration of possibilities in work, love, and worldviews. What is this stage is

called?

A. emerging adulthood B. post-adolescence

C. late adolescence D. evolving adulthood

2. The age cohort consisting of about 58 million adults who experienced events such as the Vietnam

War, the protest movement, and Woodstock is known as:

A. Generation X B. baby boomers

C. the Silent Generation D. the Millennials

3. The age cohort between the ages of 25 and 35 that generally shares an acceptance of diversity in

regard to race, ethnicity, family structure, sexual orientation, and lifestyle, and of whom more than

40 percent spent time in a single-parent home, is called:

A. Generation X B. the Silent Generation

C. baby boomers D. the Millennials

4. The age cohort born between the early 1980s and 2000s that is generally characterized as

sheltered, achievement oriented, and conventional is known as:

A. Generation X B. the Silent Generation

C. baby boomers D. Millennials

5. The set of changes that occurs in the structure and functioning of the human organism over time

is called:

A. social aging B. biological aging

C. transition points D. social norms

6. The set of changes in an individual’s assumption and relinquishment of roles over time is called:

A. social aging B. biological aging

C. transition points D. social norms

7. Beliefs that a person should not cut ahead in line at the grocery store, and that one should say

“Please” and “Thank you” are examples of:

A. normally sanctioned behavior B. age norms

C. transition points D. social norms

Page 1 (Chapter 13 Survey)

8. Social norms that define what is appropriate for people to be and to do at various ages are termed:

A. normally sanctioned behavior B. age norms

C. transition points D. social norms

9 According to your textbook, which of the following statements is true concerning social class and

the pace of the social clock?

A. The lower the socioeconomic class, the later events such as getting a job, starting a family, and

getting married tend to be.

B. The higher the socioeconomic class, the later events such as getting a job, starting a family, and

getting married tend to be.

C. Socioeconomic class is not a factor in the timing of events such as getting a job, starting a

family, and getting married.

D. None of these is true.

10. The peak years for speed and agility are from:

A. 10 to 14 B. 15 to 17

C. 18 to 30 D. 30 to 35

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