Psychology

1.58

(1 pts.) The symptoms of schizophrenia are associated with the overactivity of neurons that respond to which neurotransmitter?

 

A) norepinephrine

B) GABA

C) serotonin ;

D) dopamine

 

# 1.59

(1 pts.) Low levels of dopamine are associated with ______, while high levels of dopamine are generally associated with ______.

 

A) tardive dyskinesia; Parkinson’s disease

B) Graves’ disease; Parkinson’s disease

C) schizophrenia; Alzheimer’s disease

D) Parkinson’s disease; schizophrenia

 

# 1.60

(1 pts.) Before developing schizophrenia, Reggie was a relatively successful attorney, but has stopped working and now prefers to wander the streets in preparation for an “airlift” of humans by extraterrestrials. Reggie’s story lends credibility to which hypothesis regarding the relationship between social class and schizophrenic symptoms?

 

A) downward social drift hypothesis.

B) social causation hypothesis.

C) double bind hypothesis.

D) milieu hypothesis.

 

# 1.61

(1 pts.) Lori has a constant sensation that she has snakes crawling through her intestines. Lori is experiencing a(n)

 

A) hallucination.

B) delusion.

C) apparition.

D) chimera.

 

# 1.62

(1 pts.) Even while talking about the death of her husband a decade ago, Carol giggles almost uncontrollably. Many people in the hospital characterize her as being silly. What type of schizophrenia might she have?

 

A) undifferentiated schizophrenia

B) disorganized schizophrenia

C) catatonic schizophrenia

D) paranoid schizophrenia

 

# 1.63

(1 pts.) Why might it be difficult to determine the incidence and prevalence of schizoaffective disorder?

 

A) because of the overlap between this disorder, the schizophrenias, and the mood disorders

B) because most individuals who suffer from this disorder are misdiagnosed as having an anxiety disorder

C) because of the highly specific criteria that must be met in order to receive this diagnosis

D) because most psychiatrists use this diagnosis as a catch-all category for a variety of disorders

 

# 1.64

(1 pts.) A woman is absolutely convinced that her recent car accident was actually an attempt on her life by the CIA. What delusional disorder might she have?

 

A) delusional disorder, grandiose type

B) delusional disorder, jealous type

C) delusional disorder, persecutory type

D) delusional disorder, somatic type

 

# 1.65

(1 pts.) Roger is participating in a test that requires him to stare at a computer screen on which several letters of the alphabet are being flashed at a very high speed. Every time Roger sees the letter Q he is supposed to press a button. Roger is involved in a test of

 

A) smooth pursuit eye movements.

B) sustained attention.

C) sensory gating.

D) event related potential.

 

# 1.66

(1 pts.) Martha is a recovering from schizophrenia. She has been taking high doses of antipsychotic medications for a very long period of time and has begun to experience uncontrollable movements of her mouth and tongue that make her appear as if she were chewing food in a very exaggerated way. Martha is experiencing the symptoms of

 

A) tardive dyskinesia.

B) Parkinson’s disease.

C) Graves’ disease.

D) Tourette’s syndrome.

 

# 1.67

(1 pts.) Judy has schizophrenia and walks around the hospital ward constantly rubbing her hands together and twisting her hair for no apparent reason. This behavior is illustrative of

 

A) catatonic excitement.

B) catatonic stupor.

C) catatonic rigidity.

D) residual catatonia.

 

# 1.68

(1 pts.) Jerry has schizophrenia, but no single symptom seems to be dominant in his case. He exhibits a variety of symptoms such as disturbances in sense of self, stereotyped movements, flat affect, and delusional thinking. Jerry might be diagnosed as having which type of schizophrenia?

 

A) catatonic

B) disorganized

C) hebephrenic

D) undifferentiated

 

# 1.69

(1 pts.) Ellen has forsaken the religious beliefs of her own mainstream upbringing and has started to adhere to the strange delusional religious beliefs of her very dominant husband, who believes that he is the direct descendant of an ancient Greek god. She now has no qualms about her husband sleeping with other women since, according to her husband’s interpretation of the Bible, it is a man’s given right. Ellen might be diagnosed as having

 

A) a brief psychotic disorder.

B) shared psychotic disorder.

C) schizoaffective disorder.

D) delusional disorder, jealous type.

 

# 1.70

(1 pts.) The case of the Genain quadruplets, who developed schizophrenia, provided evidence regarding the

 

A) difference between the paranoid and disorganized types of schizophrenia.

B) role of dopamine in development of schizophrenia.

C) interaction of genetic and environmental factors in the development of schizophrenia.

D) cross-fostering of schizophrenic traits among siblings.

 

# 1.71

(1 pts.) Why might it be difficult to utilize psychological methods to treat a client with schizophrenia in the active phase of the disorder?

 

A) During the active phase, many individuals with schizophrenia need to be restrained because of violent outbursts.

B) During the active phase, the individual is very much out of touch with reality and may not respond to reason.

C) During the active phase, the individual is so exhausted from the intensity of the symptoms that it is difficult to stay awake. ‘

D) During the active phase, the personality changes experienced by the people with schizophrenia are very rapid.

 

# 1.72

(1 pts.) Dr. Carson defines sexual deviations as

 

A) practices and behaviors that are of harm to the individual or to others.

B) aberrations from what society considers normal.

C) behaviors diverging from a common biological pathway for human sexual behavior.

D) societal taboos.

 

# 1.73

(1 pts.) Ann and John are experiencing sexual difficulties; specifically, John suffers from premature ejaculation, a common dysfunction. Dr. Kaplan would look for

 

A) physical dysfunctions.

B) physical stressors, psychological problems, and relationship difficulties.

C) relationship problems in the marriage.

D) low hormone levels in John.

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