Psychology

Text: Psychology Core Concepts: Zimbardo, Johnson and Hamilton 7TH EDITION (978-0-205183463) I cant found the text online maybe you can

 

Or You can access The Discovering Psychology video series on the internet for free!

 

 

  1. Go to www.learner.org
  2. Click on the blue tab near the top that reads “view programs”
  3. Many film series will be listed. They are in alphabetical order. Scroll down to Discovering Psychology: Updated Edition. Click on it.
  4. All 26 episodes from the series are listed in order. Double click on the box that says “VoD” next to the episode you wish to view. That’s it!

     

    Type 1 page for each ½ hour video unit where you submit bullets outlining the content of each ½ hour lecture (not more than one page in length) AND, SEPARATELY, ANSWER ALL LEARNING OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS FROM THE ATTACHED/ENCLOSED PACKET( state each question before each of your responses. Make sure you cite page references from the text for each of your answers).

     

    ANSWERS TO THESE QUESTIONS CAN BE FOUND IN VIDEO AND TEXT INSIDE FRONT AND BACK COVER OF TEXT WILL TELL YOU WHAT CHAPTERS CORRELATE WITH WHICH VIDEOS).

     

    Week 8 Nov. 4 videos/Obj. units 15,16

    Week 9 Nov.11 videos/Obj. units 17,18

    Week 10 Nov. 18 videos/Obj. units 19,20

    Week 4 Oct. 7 videos/Obj. units 7,8         Week 11 Nov. 25 videos/Obj. units 21/22

    Week 5 Oct. 14 videos/Obj. units 9,10     Week 12 Dec. 2 videos/Obj. units 23/24

    Week 6 Oct. 21 videos/Obj. units 11,12     Week 13 Dec. 09 videos/Obj. units 25/26

     

    Week 7 Oct. 28 videos/Obj. units 13,14

 

Objective 7

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1. Define and compare sensation and perception.

2. Describe how a visual stimulus gets translated into “sight” in the brain.

3. Describe the field of psychophysics.

4. Be able to distinguish distal and proximal stimuli.

5. Explain why illusions provide clues to perceptual mechanisms.

6. Describe Gestalt psychology.

7. Describe the phenomenon of perceptual constancy.

8. Describe the psychological dimensions of sound and the physiology of hearing.

9. Describe the difference between top-down and bottom up processing.

10. Discuss the senses of smell, taste and touch.

 

 

Objectives 8

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1. Define learning.

2. Describe the process of classical conditioning and show how it demonstrates learning by association.

3. Cite examples of extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalizations, and discrimination.

4. Describe the process of operant conditioning.

5. Know the distinction between positive and negative punishment and between positive and negative reinforcement.

6. Describe how observational learning occurs.

7. Discuss the varieties of reinforcement schedules, including fixed ratio, variable ratio, fixed interval and variable interval.

8. Describe cognitive influence on learning.

 

9. Describe biological constraints on learning and some possible effects that learning can have on the functioning of the body.

 

Objective 9

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1. Define memory.

2. Compare implicit and explicit memory.

3. Compare declarative and procedural memory.

4. Describe the processes of encoding, storage, and retrieval.

5. Describe the characteristics of short-term, long-term, and sensory memory.

6. Define Schema.

7. Describe the accuracy of memory as a reconstructive process.

8. Define amnesia.

9. Describe processes of encoding and retrieval in Long Term Memory (LTM).

10. Describe short term memory (STM), note its limited capacity, and discuss two ways to enhance STM.

11. Compare semantic and episodic memory.

12. Discuss proactive and retroactive interference.

13. Describe chemical and anatomical factors involved in memory.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Objective 10

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1. Compare inductive and deductive reasoning.

2. Define the concept, “problem”, in information processing terms and describe some ways to improve problem-solving abilities.

3. Discuss the “historical roots of methods for revealing mental processes.”

4. Describe the study of language production.

5. Explain how ambiguity in language can be resolved.

6. Give several examples of how context influences language and understanding.

7. Explain the role of visual imagery in cognition.

8. Discuss the importance of prototypes and schemas in cognition.

9. Describe what we know about the relation between cognition and brain activity.

 

Objective 11

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1. Describe contrasting views of why human thinking is irrational and prone to error.

2. Explain the notions of heuristic thinking and analytical thinking.

3. Compare definitions of problem solving and decision making.

4. Describe the anchoring bias, availability heuristic, and representativeness heuristic.

5. Discuss why the way a problem is framed can influence a decision.

6. Define decision aversion.

7. Describe how risk affects decision making.

8. Describe at least one way in which memory and decision making can affect each other.

 

Objective 12

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1. Compare emotion and motivation and describe their interrelationships.

2. Describe three theories concerning the sources of motivation.

3. Discuss some of the forces that drive the motivation to eat.

4. Describe some of the factors behind the motivation for sex.

5. Define the need for achievement.

6. Outline the attributions for success and failure in terms of a locus of control orientation.

7. Describe the major theories of emotion and the universality of its expression.

8. Describe the relationship between physical states and the experience of emotions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Objectives 13

 

After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to:

 

1. Describe the functions of consciousness.

2. Describe the different levels of consciousness and the kinds of processing that occur at each level.

3. Define circadian rhythms and describe their relation to the 24-hour day cycle.

4. Describe the stages of sleep.

5. Identify the major sleep disorders and the effects of sleep deprivation.

6. Discuss the difference between night dreaming and day dreaming, and describe lucid dreaming.

7. Explain Freud’s theory of dreaming and contrast it with the Hobson-McCarley theory and the information-processing theory.

8. Give examples of the difference between a dream’s manifest content and latent content.

9. Describe the issues concerning sleep that will arise as people’s lives become more driven and as world travel becomes easier.

 

 

Objectives 14

 

After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to:

 

1. Describe hypnotic techniques, experiences, and applications.

2. Explain the difference between psychological dependence and physical addiction.

3. Define the major drug categories, and compare the effects of specific drugs, such as stimulants and depressants.

4. List and describe the characteristics of the various extended states of consciousness, such as lucid dreaming, hypnosis, mediation, hallucinations, and drug use.

5. Describe the three levels of consciousness.

6. Explain the phenomenon of “discovered memory.”

 

 

 

Objectives 15

 

After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to:

 

1. Define personality.

2. Compare type and traits theories of personality.

3. List and describe “The Big Five” dimensions of personality.

4. Describe Freud’s theory of personality development and the role of the id, ego, and superego in the conscious self.

5. Describe how post-Freudian theories differ from Freudian theories.

6. Describe the major humanistic theories and their contribution.

7. Describe social learning and cognitive theories and their contribution.

8. List the five most important differences in assumptions about personality across theoretical perspectives.

9. Compare the value and accuracy of standardized and projective tests of personality.

 

 

 

 

 

Objectives 16

 

After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to:

 

1. Define assessment.

2. Describe several ways to measure the reliability and validity of a psychological test.

3. Identify the contributions of Galton, Binet, Terman and Weschler to the science of measuring intelligence.

4. Explain how IQ is computed.

5. Summarize Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences.

6. Describe the evidence for the genetic and environmental bases of intelligence.

7. List the four methodological techniques used the gather information on a person.

8. Discuss the links among intelligence, creativity, and madness.

9. Explain the function of vocational interest tests.

10. Discuss the controversies surrounding intelligence assessment.

 

 

 

 

Objectives 17

 

After viewing the program and completing the reading assignment, you should be able to:

 

1. Define and compare the difference among these terms: sex, gender, gender identity, and gender role.

2. Explain the role of pheromones in sexual arousal.

3. Describe evolutionary theory as it applies to sexual behavior.

4. Describe the similarities in and differences between males and females in the sexual response cycle and mating.

5. Summarize current research on homosexuality.

 

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