Political Science

Running Head: LEADERSHIP STYLES AND THEORIES 1

LEADERSHIP STYLES AND THEORIES 2

Leadership Theories and Styles

Anniesha Overton

Strayer University

Dr. Kristie Roberts

Introduction

Leadership is the act of leading a group of people or an organization. Whereas, leadership style is the method that is used by a leader to give out directions to people that he or she leads and implement plans within the organization. Successful leaders must have the ability to influence and motivate people under their leadership in order to achieve maximum results. There is no magic behind a successful organization, an organization just need to hire a good leader in order to be successful (Goušchin, 2015). A leader must use a preferred leadership style to set a clear vision of an organization and influence the behaviors of employees in many ways. A good leader must be able to guide the employees through the work process and build morale among them. Leaders have the challenge to accomplish their set objectives regardless of the underlying challenges attached to it. Therefore, a good leader should be more diverse and encompasses different leadership styles to achieve the desired results and become a good leader. Comment by Kristie Roberts-Lewis: Good introduction!

Public Leader Overview

This paper will discuss the autocratic and democratic as the selected leadership styles. To start with, autocratic leadership is the style whereby one individual is responsible for taking all the decisions and does not involve other team members in the decision-making process. Autocratic leaders make a decision based on their beliefs and do not engage others for their advice or suggestions. In such a leadership style, only one leader or member of the organization is responsible for taking all the decisions on behalf of the company. This style of leadership style is most common in organizations with fewer people (Goušchin, 2015). Autocratic leadership style is most effective in organizations where there is a need to make quick decisions due to the nature of the work present. The sole responsibility of the decision and the outcome of the decision is based on the leader. Most people are torn between whether it is a flexible leadership style or an updated one. Comment by Kristie Roberts-Lewis: Citation Comment by Kristie Roberts-Lewis: How is this defined?

Autocratic leadership is characterized by certain aspects like lack of no input from other members of the group. A group leader is responsible for dictating all the tasks or distributes duties to other employees. This leadership style also does not reward employees to boost their morale (Saee, 2005). However, autocratic leadership has some advantages as it can lead to quick decision making and full control over the process. This leadership style is useful in a situation where a business is being faced by a constant crisis. In such situations, a business will require someone who will rise against all odds and resolve the situation. Comment by Kristie Roberts-Lewis: Implications?

One example of an autocratic leader is Idi Amin of Uganda. He was the third president of Uganda. Before becoming the president of Uganda where he ruled the country for 8 years, he was working as a major general in the army of the country after he served in the King’s African Rifles. During this time, he was able to be promoted to become a field marshal. During his tenure as the country’s president, his leadership style was characterized by suppression and mismanagement (Goušchin, 2015). During his reign, an estimated number of people adding up to half a million people are considered to have died during the period. All the decisions within the country were solely made by him and he did not take the decisions from other people within the country which made him become an autocratic leader. His term came to an end when he was trying to conquer more land from Tanzania where he lost the war and was exiled outside the country until he met his death. Citation? Comment by Kristie Roberts-Lewis: Great example!

Second leadership style is the democratic style of leadership. As opposed to autocratic leadership, democratic leadership all members of an organization are actively involved in making important decisions within the organization. Democratic leadership style can be implemented in any organization, from schools to private businesses to government. In this leadership style, everyone is given an active role to play in making decisions concerning the organization, where ideas from different members are exchanged freely and everyone’s opinion is taken into consideration (Bhatti et al, 2012). Despite the fact that everyone is given an opportunity to take part in making a decision within the organization, a leader that guides the group and gives out decisions is still there. Democratic leadership is characterized by high productivity, more ideas and creative solutions and commitment from the group members to participate in the welfare of an organization.

One example of a democratic leader in the world is Theresa May. She is serving as the prime minister of the United Kingdom and a leader of the conservative party. She assumed office in 2016. She was serving as home secretary a period between 2010 to 2016 when she finally became the prime minister. May was serving in the office of ministry for women and equality where he was advocating for the rights of women. May uses a democratic style of leadership where opinions of other members of his staff are taken into account. Comment by Kristie Roberts-Lewis: How so specifically?

Public Leader Comparison and Contrast

Autocratic leadership is a classical leadership style with certain characteristics. In this style of leadership, the manager is the center of all decisions that are to be made. In autocratic leadership style, the manager seeks to have all the authority and full control in the decision-making process. Here leaders are only concerned with retaining responsibility rather than utilizing complete delegation (Goušchin, 2015). Leaders only value developing their own leadership. Autocratic leadership can be linked with the great man’s leadership theory. This theory suggests that leaders are born and not made. The same belief implies to autocratic leadership style where leaders believe that they were born to become leaders and not made as in the case of democratic leadership style. Comment by Kristie Roberts-Lewis: Implications?

The In great man theory, great leaders arise when there is a great need, and take the full responsibility of handling the situation. On the other hand, democratic leadership is the leadership style that promotes the sharing of responsibility, the exercise of delegation and continual consultation (Choi, 2007). As opposed to autocratic leadership style, in democratic style, leaders do go through less stress since the decision to be made is a responsibility of everyone in the organization, and in case of any mess, everyone is held accountable. This is opposed to autocratic where any mess within an organization is put on the leader since he or she is the one in charge of making all the decisions.

Democratic leadership can be linked with participative leadership theory. The theory implies that when different people are involved in making decisions, it will improve the understanding of the issues that are to be resolved. Individuals tend to be more committed to actions when they are involved in making relevant decision making (Choi, 2007). When people are working on joint goals, they tend to be less competitive and this might not be healthy for the progress of an organization. When several people are put together to make a decision, there is a higher chance that they will come up with a better decision than that of one person. Rather than taking autocratic decisions, a participative leader involves other people like peers, subordinates and stakeholders in the process. Comment by Kristie Roberts-Lewis: Good analysis!

Public Leader Evaluation and Analysis

Like in the case of Idi Amin, who was an autocratic leader, there are some advantages (such as?) that came with his leadership. However, disadvantages that came with his leadership style outnumbered the minimal disadvantages that existed. For instance, during his tenure (Amin Idi), he had ease when it comes to making certain decisions since he was not involving anyone in the process making work easy for him when it comes to making decisions regarding different issues. He had few levels of administration that must be kept informed of each decision. This style of leadership style also improves the overall communication within the organization since there is only one channel of communication and everyone must report to the overall leader. In autocratic leadership, a leader is able to handle crisis situations effectively (Terzi, 2011). Like Iin the case of Idi Amin, he was able to handle crisis situations easily since he did not have to consult anyone. However, his leadership did not last for long. This was due to his decisions to conquer more land in Tanzania. When making the decision, he did not consult anyone a factor which made him be ousted and exiled from his own country. What are the implications Comment by Kristie Roberts-Lewis: Came? Comment by Kristie Roberts-Lewis: This has been previously stated Comment by Kristie Roberts-Lewis: Repetitive

Autocratic leadership style also reduces employee’s stress since they are not involved in the decision-making process. However, this leadership style is also characterized by many disadvantages. First, it can lead to micromanagement since many autocratic leaders turn into micromanagers which make it difficult for leaders to do their job since they are often required to report to the overall leaders on whatever they are doing. Aristocratic also does not offer a sense of professional ownership. Autocratic leaders often take credit for the work that is done leaving workers with no ownership responsibility. When it comes to democratic leadership style, decisions making process involves everyone in the organization which makes the organization come up with the best decision (Terzi, 2011). Democratic leadership also recognizes the effort put in by employees boosting their morale for better performance. In democratic leadership, another advantage is that everyone within the organization is held responsible for any situation that happens within the organization promoting collective performance responsibility.

One strength that could influence my ability to become a public leader is my ability to solve the problem. To be a good leader, one must have the problem-solving skill. This is one thing that is in me, and I believe it can make me become a good public leader since problems that need to be solved often arise within the public.

References

Democracy and Aristocracy in Ancient Athens: Deformation or Adaptation.- incomplete

Saee, J. (2005). Effective leadership for the global economy in the 21ST century. Journal of business economics and management, 6(1), 3-11. Retrieved from?

Choi, S. (2007). Democratic leadership: The lessons of exemplary models for democratic governance. International Journal of Leadership Studies, 2(3), 243-262. Retrieved from?

Bhatti, N., Maitlo, G. M., Shaikh, N., Hashmi, M. A., & Shaikh, F. M. (2012). The impact of autocratic and democratic leadership style on job satisfaction. International Business Research, 5(2), 192. -see previous comments

Terzi, A. R. (2011). The relationship between power distance and autocratic-democratic tendencies. Educational Research and Reviews, 6(7), 528-535.

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