Political Science

Please see below and provide a 350 word response with 2 APA version 7 citations to support.

Creativity requires developing new ideas and concepts that are effective in resolving situations at hand. Creativity is as much about observing the internal and external environment and finding problems as it is about problem solving. Creative thinking is a cognitive process that supports divergent and convergent aspects of problem solving and decision making (Allen, Gerras, 2009). Thinking creatively provides a means to identify that a problem exist and, therefore, helps with problem definition. Critical thinking is the use of those cognitive skills or strategies that increase the probability of a desirable outcome. It is used to describe thinking that is purposeful, reasoned, and goal directed. (Allen, Gerras, 2009).

Both creative and critical thinking would be a benefit to the sergeant major in many different areas but using these skills in areas such as Suicide Prevention tactics would be most helpful. The creative thinking and the cognitive process the sergeant major would be able to communicate effectively with the first sergeants to identify the probability of a high number of suicides does exists with their unity of Soldiers. Suicide is the second leading cause of death in the U.S. military. According to the Department of Defense Suicide Event Report (DoDSER) as of March 31, 2018, the Armed Forces Medical Examiners System (AFMES) had identified 138 confirmed or pending cases of suicide among active-duty Soldiers that occurred during CY 2017. A total of 114 of these deaths occurred among members of the Active Component. The remaining 24 deaths occurred among SELRES Soldiers who were in a duty status at the time of their death.

So, by understanding the depth of the problem of the growing number of suicides among soldiers, the critical thinking can begin to work by using cognitive skills, by introducing such techniques like Rory C. O’Connor’s Integrated Motivational-Volitional Model, that suggest that social problem-solving skills, a sense of belonging, and social support can reduce the likelihood that someone will attempt suicide (O’Connor, Kirtley, 2018). Then the sergeant major could use Critical thinking skills to lead to a goal directed and reasonable outcome of less or no suicides within the sergeant major’s unit.

 

                                                                   References

Allen, Charles D., Gerras, Stephan J., (2009) Developing Creative and Critical Thinkers, Journal Article, Retrieved from https://apps.dtic.mil/sti/citations/ADA515842

Department of Defense Suicide Event Report (DoDSER) (2018)  Results Summary U.S. Army, ch. 5, p. 73 retrieved from https://www.dspo.mil/Portals/113/Documents/2017-DoDSER-Annual-Report.pdf?ver=2019-07-19-110951-577

O’Connor, R. C., and Kirtley, O.J., (2018) The integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior. Published online 2018, Jul 16, retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6053985/

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