Physics

Problem Set #6

NOTE: Any answers of zero must have some kind of justification. 1) You have a cylindrical metal shell of

inner radius 6 cm and outer radius 9 cm. The shell has no net charge. Inside the shell is a line of charge of linear density of – 7 μC/m. Find the magnitude and direction of the electric field at (a) r = 3 cm, (b) r = 7 cm, and (c) r = 13 cm. Also, calculate the surface charge density of the shell on (d) the inner surface and (e) the outer surface.

2) You have a uniformly charged

sphere of radius 5 cm and volume charge density of – 7 mC/m3. It is surrounded by a metal spherical shell with inner radius of 10 cm and outer radius of 15 cm. The shell has a net charge 8 μC. (a) Calculate the total charge on the sphere. Find the magnitude and direction of the electric field at (b) r = 13 cm and (c) r = 18 cm. Also, calculate the surface charge density of the shell on (d) the inner surface and (e) the outer surface.

3) Two 2 cm thick infinite slabs of metal are positioned as

shown in the diagram. Slab B has no net charge but Slab A has an excess charge of 5 μC for each square meter. The infinite plane at the origin has a surface charge density of – 8 μC/m2. Find the magnitude and direction of the electric field at (a) x = 2 cm, and (b) x = 4 cm. Also, calculate the surface charge density on (c) the left edge of A, (d) the right edge of A, and (e) the left edge of B.

4) A positive charge of 16 nC is nailed down with a #6 brad.

Point M is located 7 mm away from the charge and point G is 18 mm away. (a) Calculate the electric potential at Point M. (b) If you put a proton at point M, what electric potential energy does it have? (c) You release the

proton from rest and it moves to Point G. Through what potential difference does it move? (d) Determine the velocity of the proton at point G.

5)

All the charges above are multiples of “q” where

q = 1μC. The horizontal and vertical distances between the charges are 25 cm. Find the magnitude of the net electric potential at point P.

6) Use the same charge distribution as in problem #5 but

change all odd-multiple charges to the opposite sign. Find the magnitude of the net electric potential at point P.

7) A parallel plate setup has a distance

between the plates of 5 cm. An electron is place very near the negative plate and released from rest. By the time it reaches the positive plate it has a velocity of 8 x 106 m/s. (a) As the electron moves between the plates what is the net work done on the charge? (b) What is the potential difference that the electron moves through? (c) What is the magnitude and direction of the electric field in between the plates?

– 8q +9q

– 4q

A B

0 3 cm 5 cm 8 cm 10 cm

+9q

– 5q

+6q+6q

+2q

P

+ M G

8)

A uniform line of charge with density, λ, and length, L is positioned so that its left end is at the origin. See diagram above. (a) Determine an equation (using integration) for the magnitude of the total electric potential at point P a distance, d, away from the origin. (b) Calculate the magnitude of the electric potential at P if d = 2 m, L = 1 m, and λ = – 5 μC/m. c) Using the equation you derived in part a), calculate the equation for the electric field at point P. It should agree with the result we got in Lecture Example #19.

9) You have a thin spherical shell

of radius 10 cm with a uni- form surface charge density of 11 μC/m2. Centered inside the sphere is a point charge of – 4 μC. Using integration, find the magnitude of the total electric potential at: (a) r = 16 cm and (b) r = 7 cm.

10) You have a uniformly

charged sphere of radius 5 cm and volume charge density of 6 mC/m3. It is surrounded by a metal spherical shell with inner radius of 10 cm and outer radius of 15 cm. The shell has no net charge. Find the magnitude of the electric potential at (a) r = 20 cm, (b) r = 12 cm, and (c) r = 8 cm.

11) Use the same physical situation with the exception

of changing the inner sphere to a solid metal with a surface charge density of 9 μC/m2 and giving the shell a net charge of – 3 μC. Find magnitude of the electric potential at (a) r = 20 cm, (b) r = 12 cm, (c) r = 8 cm, and (d) r = 2 cm.

12) CSUF Staff Physicist & Sauvé Dude, Steve

Marley, designs a lab experiment that consists of a vertical rod with a fixed bead of charge Q = 1.25 x 10–6 C at the bottom. See diagram. Another bead that is free to slide on the rod without friction has a mass of 25 g and charge, q. Steve releases the movable bead from rest 95 cm above the fixed bead and it gets no closer than 12 cm to the fixed bead. (a) Calculate the charge, q, on the movable bead. Steve then pushes the movable bead down to 8 cm above Q. He releases it from rest. (b) What is the maximum height that the bead reaches?

13)

d

P

0 – – – – –

L

You have two metal spheres each of diameter 30 cm that are space 20 cm apart. One sphere has a net charge of 15 μC and the other – 15 μC. A proton is placed very close to the surface of the positive sphere and is release from rest. With what speed does it hit the other sphere?

14) A thin spherical shell of radius, R, is centered at the

origin. It has a surface charge density of 2.6 C/m2. A point in space is a distance, r, from the origin. The point in space has an electric potential of 200 V and an electric field strength of 150 V/m, both because of the sphere. (a) Explain why it is impossible for r < R. (b) Determine the radius, R, of the sphere.

15) The two charges above are fixed and cannot move. Find a

point in space where the total electric potential will equal zero.

ANSWERS:

Q

q

+

20 cm

+

6 cm

– – 4 μC 12 μC

6) – 7.87 x 104 V 7) a) 2.92 x 10-17 J

1) a) 4.20 x 106 N/C, I

b) 0 c) 9.68 x 105 N/C, I d) 1.86 x 10–5 C/m2 e) – 1.24 x 10–5 C/m2 2) a) – 3.67 x 10–6 C b) 0 c) 1.20 x 106 N/C, O d) 2.92 x 10–5 C/m2 e) 1.73 x 10–6 C/m2 3) a) 7.35 x 105 N/C, L

b) 0

b) 182.2 V c) 3644 N/C

8) a)   

   +λ

d Ldlnk

b) – 1.83 x 104 V 9) a) – 1.47 x 105 V b) – 3.90 x 105 V 10) a) 1.41 x 105 V b) 1.88 x 105 V c) 2.59 x 105 V 11) a) – 8.37 x 104 V b) – 1.12 x 105 V c) – 8.62 x 104 V d) – 9900 V 12) a) 2.48 x 10–6 C b) 1.42 m 13) 1.4 x 107 m/s 14) 2.86 m

c) 6.5 x 10–6 C/m2 d) – 1.5 x 10–6 C/m2 e) 1.5 x 10–6 C/m2 f) – 1.5 x 10–6 C/m2 4) a) 2.06 x 104 V b) 3.29 x 10–15 J c) – 1.26 x 104 V d) 4.91 x 105 m/s 5) 5.02 x 105 V 15) 1.5 cm

Physics 226 Fall 2013

Problem Set #7 1) You have a parallel plate capacitor of plate separation

0.1 mm that is filled with a dielectric of neoprene rubber. The area of each plate is 1.8 cm2. (a) Calculate the capacitance of the capacitor. The capacitor is charged by taking electrons from one plate and depositing them on the other plate. You repeat this process until the potential difference between the plates is 350 V. (b) How many electrons have been transferred in order to accomplish this?

2) A capacitor with ruby mica has an effective electric field

between the plates of 4600 V/m. The plates of the capacitor are separated by a distance of 4 mm. 50 mJ of energy is stored in the electric field. (a) What is the capacitance of the capacitor? (b) Calculate the energy density in between the plates.

3) A capacitor with a dielectric of paper is charged to 0.5 mC.

The plates of the capacitor are separated by a distance of 8 mm. 40 mJ of energy is stored in the electric field. (a) What is the strength of the effective electric field? (b) Calculate the energy density in between the plates.

4) A capacitor of 10 μF is charged by connecting it to a

battery of 20 V. The battery is removed and you pull the plates apart so that you triple the distance between them. How much work do you do to pull the plates apart?

5) The flash on a disposable camera contains a capacitor

of 65 μF. The capacitor has a charge of 0.6 m C stored on it. (a) Determine the energy that is used to produce a flash of light. (b) Assuming that the flash lasts for 6 ms, find the power of the flash. (Think back to 225.)

6) A spherical shell conductor of

radius B encloses another spherical shell conductor of radius A. They are charged with opposites signs but same magnitude, q. (a) Using integration, derive an equation for the capacitance of this spherical capacitor. (b) Calculate the capacitance if A = 45 mm and B = 50 mm. (c) If q = 40 μC, what is the energy density in between the shells?

7) You attach a battery of 15 V to an air-filled capacitor of 5 μF and let it charge up. (a) If the plate separation is 3 mm, what is the energy density in between the plates? You then remove the battery and attach the capacitor to a different uncharged capacitor of 2 μF. (b) What is the amount of charge on each capacitor after they come to equilibrium?

8) You attach a 100 pF capacitor to a battery of 10 V. You

attach a 250 pF to a battery of 7 V. You remove both of the batteries and attach the positive plate of one capacitor to the positive plate of the other. After they come to equilibrium, find the potential difference across each capacitor.

9) Do problem #8 but when you attach the capacitors

together attach the opposite sign plates instead of the same sign plates.

10)

Determine the equivalent capacitance between points A and B for the capacitors shown in the circuit above.

11)

4 μF

4 μF

6 μF

12 μF

30 μF

20 μF

A

B

75 μF

6 μF

12 μF

12 μF

18 μF

20 μF

A

B

Determine the equivalent capacitance between points A and B for the capacitors shown in the circuit above.

12) Design a circuit that has an equivalent capacitance of

1.50 μF using at least one of each of the following capacitors: a 1 μF, a 2 μF, and a 6 μF. [You must also show where your A and B terminals are located.]

13) The two capacitors above both have plates that are

squares of sides 3 cm. The plate separation is 1.2 cm for both. Between each of the capacitor plates are two different dielectrics of neoprene rubber and Bakelite. Everything is drawn to scale. Find the capacitance of each capacitor. (HINT: Think series and parallel.)

14) The plates of an air-filled capacitor have area, A, and are

separated by a distance, d. The capacitor is charged by a battery of voltage, V. Three things are going to change: (1) The plates of the capacitor are pulled apart so that the distance between the plates triples. (2) The area of the plates increase by a factor of 6. (3) The voltage of the battery decreases by a factor of 4. Determine expressions in terms of A, d, and/or V for (a) the new capacitance, (b) the new charge, and (c) the new energy density.

15)

A massless bar of length, L, is hanging from a string that is attached 1/3 of the length of the bar from the right end. A block of mass, M, is hung from the right end. The left end of the bar has an air-filled massless capacitor of plate area, A, and plate separation, d. Find an expression for the potential difference between the plates so that this system is in equilibrium. (HINT: You will

need the equation dx dU

F −= from 225.)

ANSWERS:

(a) (b)

1) a) 1.067 x 10–10 F b) 2.34 x 1011 e–

2) a) 2.95 x 10–4 F b) 5.05 x 10–4 J/m3

M

3) a) 2 x 104 V/m

b) 6.7 x 10–3 J/m3 4) 4 x 10–3 J 5) a) 2.8 x 10–3 J b) 0.467 W

6) a)   

  

− πε=

AB AB4C o

b) 5.01 x 10–11 F c) 1.125 x 105 J/m3 7) a) 1.11 x 10–4 J/m3 b) 2.14 x 10–5 C, 5.36 x 10–5 C

8) 7.86 V 9) 2.14 V 10) 4 μF 11) 9 μF 13) a) 3.85 pF b) 3.76 pF

14) a) d

A2 C o

ε=

d2 AV b) Q = oε

2

2 o

d288 V c) u = ε

15) A

Mg dV

oε =

Physics 226 Fall 2013

Problem Set #8 1) Analyze the circuit below using a QCV chart. You must

show appropriate work for full credit. 2) Analyze the circuit below using a QCV chart. You must

show appropriate work for full credit. 3) Analyze the circuit below using a QCV chart. You must

show appropriate work for full credit. 4)

An Oppo Digital Blu-Ray player [DMP-95] (Yes, I am an audiophile.) has a power cable which has a metal that allows 9 x 1019 electrons per cubic millimeter. On average, the cable passes 1 x 1022 electrons every hour. The electrons passing through the player have a drift velocity of 4.5 μm/s. (a) What current does the Oppo draw? (b) Calculate the diameter of the cable?

5) The Large Hadron Collider at CERN creates proton beams which collide together resulting in pictures like the one at the right. Some of these beams can have a radius of 1.1 mm with a current of 1.5 mA. The kinetic energy of each proton in this beam is 2.5 MeV. (a) Calculate the number density of the protons in the beam. (b) If the beam is aimed at a metal target, how many protons would strike the screen in 1 minute?

C2 = 15 μF C1 = 8 μF

20 V

C3 = 30 μF

6)

Two copper wires are soldered together. Wire #1 has a radius of 0.7 mm. Wire #2 has a radius of 1.2 mm. Copper has a number density of 8.47 x 1028 e–/m3. The drift velocity in Wire #1 is 0.72 mm/s. If you want the current to remain the same in both, what is the drift velocity in Wire #2?

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