NURSING

Question 13

A male patient with a diagnosis of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis is in the clinic to discuss with the nurse the possibility of self-administration of glatiramer. During the patient education session for self-administration, the nurse will emphasize

A) the need to rotate the injection site of the drug.
B) the need to avoid crushing the tablet.
C) the need to place the tablet under the tongue.
D) the need to use only the thigh muscle for the drug injection site.

Question 14

A diabetic patient being treated for obesity tells the nurse that he is having adverse effects from his drug therapy. The patient has been taking dextroamphetamine for 2 weeks as adjunct therapy. Which of the following adverse effects would need the nurse’s immediate attention?

A) Decreased libido
B) Increased blood glucose
C) Dry eyes
D) Jittery feeling

Question 15

A patient with diabetes has had a cough for 1 week and has been prescribed a cough syrup (an expectorant). What special instructions should the nurse include in the patient teaching for this situation?

A) Wash hands before and after taking the medicine
B) Keep track of any gastrointestinal tract infections
C) Monitor glucose levels closely
D) Note the time the medicine is taken each day

Question 16

A 13-year-old patient has juvenile arthritis. He has recently had oral surgery and was told by the surgeon to take aspirin for the pain. The nurse will monitor for which of the following?

A) Bronchoconstriction
B) Hepatotoxicity
C) Aplastic anemia
D) Agranulocytosis

Question 17

A nurse has been invited to speak to a support group for persons with movement disorders and their families. Which of the following statements by the nurse addresses the chronic nature of these diseases and the relevant drug therapies?

A) “Drug therapy can consist of one or more drugs to eliminate the symptoms of these diseases.”
B) “Drugs do not cure these disorders; they instead enhance quality of life.”
C) “Persons of all cultures are treated similarly and respond in similar ways to treatment.”
D) “Drugs used to treat these disorders always pose a risk of severe liver and kidney dysfunction.”

Question 18

A patient in need of myocardial infarction prophylaxis has been prescribed sulfinpyrazone for gout. Which of the following will the nurse monitor the patient most closely for?

A) Hypothermia
B) Hypotension
C) Renal dysfunction
D) Bleeding

Question 19

A nurse is developing a care plan for a patient who has multiple sclerosis. An expected outcome for the patient who is receiving glatiramer would be a decrease in

A) chest pain.
B) fatigue.
C) breathing difficulties.
D) heart palpitations.

Question 20

A 32-year-old female patient is taking tizanidine (Zanaflex) for spasticity related to her multiple sclerosis. The nurse will inform the patient and her husband that the adverse effect that poses the greatest safety risk to the patient is

A) constipation.
B) dry mouth.
C) fatigue.
D) hypotension.

Question 21

A 34-year-old male patient is prescribed methimazole (MMI).The nurse will advise him to report which of the following immediately?

A) Vertigo
B) Intolerance to cold
C) Loss of appetite
D) Epigastric distress

Question 22

A 43-year-old woman was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis 2 years ago and has experienced a recent exacerbation of her symptoms, including muscle spasticity. Consequently, she has been prescribed Dantrolene (Dantrium).In light of this new addition to her drug regimen, what teaching point should the woman’s nurse provide?

A) “This will likely relieve your muscle spasms but you’ll probably develop a certain amount of dependence on the drug over time.”
B) “We’ll need to closely monitor your blood sugar levels for the next week.”
C) “There’s a small risk that you might experience some hallucinations in the first few days that you begin taking this drug.”
D) “You might find that this drug exacerbates some of your muscle weakness while it relieves your spasticity.”

Question 23

A patient with type 1 diabetes has been admitted to the hospital for orthopedic surgery and the care team anticipates some disruptions to the patient’s blood glucose levels in the days following surgery. Which of the following insulin regimens is most likely to achieve adequate glycemic control?

A) Small doses of long-acting insulin administered four to five times daily
B) Doses of basal insulin twice daily with regular insulin before each meal
C) Large doses of rapid-acting insulin combined with long-acting insulin each morning and evening
D) Divided doses of intermediate-acting insulin every 2 hours, around the clock

Question 24

During long-term desmopressin therapy in a 48-year-old woman, it will be most important for the nurse to assess which of the following?

A) The patient’s environment
B) The patient’s diet
C) The condition of the patient’s skin
D) The condition of the patient’s nasal passages

Question 25

A 49-year-old woman has been diagnosed with myalgia. The physician has recommended aspirin. The patient is concerned that the aspirin will upset her stomach. The nurse will encourage the patient to

A) crush the tablet before swallowing.
B) swallow the tablet whole.
C) swallow the tablet with milk or food.
D) avoid drinking milk for 3 hours after swallowing the tablet.

Question 26

A nurse will instruct a patient taking allopurinol to take each dose

A) at night.
B) first thing in the morning.
C) after a meal.
D) before a meal.

Question 27

The nurse is conducting a medication reconciliation of a new resident of a long-term care facility. The nurse notes that the resident takes allopurinol on a daily basis for the treatment of gout. What is the primary purpose of this drug?

A) To balance urate concentration and prevent gout attacks
B) To promote the remodeling of damaged synovium
C) To potentiate the metabolism of dietary purines
D) To achieve pain relief in joints affected by gout

Question 28

A nurse is teaching a patient about his newly prescribed drug, colchicine, for gout. The nurse will instruct the patient to avoid which of the following foods?

A) Green beans
B) Shrimp
C) Eggs
D) Milk

Question 29

A nurse is instructing a patient who was recently diagnosed with multiple sclerosis about dantrolene (Dantrium). The patient is a 38-year-old-male and the foreman for a construction company. In order to minimize one important adverse effect of the drug, the nurse will give the patient which of the following instructions?

A) Eat a high-protein diet
B) Decrease the dosage if any adverse effect is experienced
C) Wear appropriate clothing and sunscreen whenever he is in direct sunlight
D) Have a complete blood cell count done weekly

Question 30

A 33-year-old man has developed acute gouty arthritis. He has been prescribed colchicine. When developing a care plan for this patient, which factor will be most important for the nurse to consider?

A) Dietary habits
B) Work environment
C) Typical daily fluid intake
D) Ethnicity

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