NURSING

Question 1 A nurse is developing a care plan for a patient who has multiple sclerosis. An expected outcome for the patient who is receiving glatiramer would be a decrease in

A) chest pain

B) fatigue

C) breathing difficulties

D) heart palpitations

Question 2 A nurse is teaching a patient about his newly prescribed drug, colchicine, for gout. The nurse will instruct the patient to avoid which of the following foods?

A) Green beans

B) Shrimp

C) Eggs

D) Milk

Question 3 A patient with type 1 diabetes has been admitted to the hospital for orthopedic surgery and the care team anticipates some disruptions to the patient’s blood glucose levels in the days following surgery. Which of the following insulin regimens is most likely to achieve adequate glycemic control?

A) Small doses of long-acting insulin administered four to five times daily

B) Doses of basal insulin twice daily with regular insulin before each meal

C) Large doses of rapid-acting insulin combined with long-acting insulin each morning and evening

D) Divided doses of intermediate-acting insulin every 2 hours, around the clock

Question 4 A 65-year-old woman has an advanced form of rheumatoid arthritis. Her treatment includes a regular dosage of methotrexate. The nurse will advise her to take which of the following vitamin supplements while taking the drug?

A) Vitamin A

B) Vitamin B

C) Vitamin C

D) Vitamin D

Question 5 A 49-year-old woman has been diagnosed with myalgia. The physician has recommended aspirin. The patient is concerned that the aspirin will upset her stomach. The nurse will encourage the patient to

A) crush the tablet before swallowing

B) swallow the tablet whole

C) swallow the tablet with milk or food

D) avoid drinking milk for 3 hours after swallowing the tablet

Question 6 A nurse is working with a 57-year-old man who is a former intravenous drug abuser. He has been prescribed a weekly dosage of methotrexate for his rheumatoid arthritis. Which of the following will the nurse include in her teaching plan for this patient?

A) Avoid high-fat foods

B) Drink plenty of water every day

C) Take the tablets before bedtime

D) Avoid red meat

Question 7 A male patient with a diagnosis of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis is in the clinic to discuss with the nurse the possibility of self-administration of glatiramer. During the patient education session for self-administration, the nurse will emphasize

A) the need to rotate the injection site of the drug

B) the need to avoid crushing the tablet

C) the need to place the tablet under the tongue

D) the need to use only the thigh muscle for the drug injection site

Question 8 A patient in need of myocardial infarction prophylaxis has been prescribed sulfinpyrazone for gout. Which of the following will the nurse monitor the patient most closely for?

A) Hypothermia

B) Hypotension

C) Renal dysfunction

D) Bleeding

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