NURSING

Question 13 A nurse is instructing a patient in the administration of regular insulin by the subcutaneous route. Which of the following strategies would the nurse suggest if the goal is to promote absorption of the regular insulin?

A) Rotate injection sites by using the arm one day, the stomach the next day, and the thigh the day after and then repeating the cycle
B) Select one injection site for regular insulin injections and use it exclusively
C) Administer the medication 30 to 60 minutes after a meal
D) Select one anatomic area for regular insulin injections and then use serial locations within that area.

Question 14 A nurse is caring for a male patient who has a spinal cord injury due to a motorcycle accident. He has been taking dantrolene (Dantrium) for 2 weeks. The nurse will monitor which of the following?

A) Prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time
B) Urine specific gravity
C) Alanine aminotransferase and total bilirubin levels
D) Follicle-stimulating hormone levels

Question 15 The nurse is conducting a medication reconciliation of a new resident of a long-term care facility. The nurse notes that the resident takes allopurinol on a daily basis for the treatment of gout.What is the primary purpose of this drug?

A) To balance urate concentration and prevent gout attacks
B) To promote the remodeling of damaged synovium
C) To potentiate the metabolism of dietary purines
D) To achieve pain relief in joints affected by gout

Question 16 A 33-year-old man has developed acute gouty arthritis. He has been prescribed colchicine. When developing a care plan for this patient, which factor will be most important for the nurse to consider?

A) Dietary habits
B) Work environment
C) Typical daily fluid intake
D) Ethnicity

Question 17 During long-term desmopressin therapy in a 48-year-old woman, it will be most important for the nurse to assess which of the following?

A) The patient’s environment
B) The patient’s diet
C) The condition of the patient’s skin
D) The condition of the patient’s nasal passages

Question 18 A patient is taking gabapentin (Neurontin) for spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis. Which of the following should be the priority for monitoring?

A) Hepatic function
B) Cardiac function
C) Respiratory function
D) Renal function

Question 19 Following an assessment by her primary care provider, a 70-year-old resident of an assisted living facility has begun taking daily oral doses of levothyroxine. Which of the following assessment findings should prompt the nurse to withhold a scheduled dose of levothyroxine?

A) The resident has not eaten breakfast because of a recent loss of appetite
B) The resident’s apical heart rate is 112 beats/minute with a regular rhythm
C) The resident had a fall during the night while transferring from her bed to her bathroom
D) The resident received her annual influenza vaccination the previous day

Question 20 To minimize the risk of adverse effects of glucagon when given to an unconscious diabetic patient, as the patient regains consciousness, the nurse should

A) administer calcium supplements
B) position the patient in the side-lying position
C) administer carbohydrates
D) monitor for nausea and vomiting

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