Question 57. Question :
Erik presents with a golden-crusted lesion at the site of an insect bite consistent with impetigo. His parents have limited finances and request the least expensive treatment. Which medication would be the best choice for treatment?
Bacitracin and polymixin B (generic double antibiotic ointment)
Oral cephalexin (Keflex)
Question 58. Question :
Nonselective beta blockers and alcohol create serious drug interactions with insulin because they:
Increase blood glucose levels.
Produce unexplained diaphoresis.
Interfere with the ability of the body to metabolize glucose.
Mask the signs and symptoms of altered glucose levels.
Question 59. Question :
Infants and young children are at higher risk of ADRs due to:
Immature renal function in school-age children
Lack of safety and efficacy studies in the pediatric population
Children’s skin being thicker than adults, requiring higher dosages of topical medication
Infant boys having a higher proportion of muscle mass, leading to a higher volume of distribution
Question 60. Question :
Warfarin resistance may be seen in patients with VCORC1 mutation, leading to:
Toxic levels of warfarin building up
Decreased response to warfarin
Increased risk for significant drug interactions with warfarin
Less risk of drug interactions with warfarin
Question 61. Question :
Jose is a twelve-year-old overweight child with a total cholesterol level of 180 mg/dL and LDL of 125 mg/dL. Along with diet education and recommending increased physical activity, a treatment plan for Jose would include ____ with a reevaluation in six months.
bile acid-binding resins
Question 62. Question :
A potentially life-threatening adverse response to ACE inhibitors is angioedema. Which of the following statements is true about this adverse response?
Swelling of the tongue and hoarseness are the most common symptoms.
It appears to be related to a decrease in aldosterone production.
The presence of a dry, hacky cough indicates a high risk for this adverse response.
Because it takes time to build up a blood level, it occurs after being on the drug for about one week.
Question 63. Question :
Amber is a twenty-four-year-old who has had migraines for ten years. She reports a migraine on average of once a month. The migraines are effectively aborted with naratriptan (Amerge). When refilling Amber’s naratriptan education would include which of the following?
Naratriptan will interact with antidepressants, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and St John’s Wort, and she should inform any providers she sees that she has migraines.
Continue to monitor her headaches; if the migraine is consistently happening around her menses, then there is preventive therapy available.
Pregnancy is contraindicated when taking a triptan.
All the given options are correct.
Question 64. Question :
One of the main drug classes used to treat acute pain is NSAIDs. They are used due to which of the following reasons?
They have less risk for liver damage than acetaminophen.
Inflammation is a common cause of acute pain.
They have minimal GI irritation.
Regulation of blood flow to the kidney is not affected by these drugs.
Question 65. Question :
A patient has been prescribed silver sulfadiazine (Silvadene) cream to treat burns on his or her leg. Normal adverse effects of silver sulfadiazine cream include:
Transient leukopenia on days two to four that should resolve
Worsening of burn symptoms briefly before resolution
A red, scaly rash that will resolve with continued use
Question 66. Question :
Sulfonylureas may be added to a treatment regimen for type II diabetics when lifestyle modifications and metformin are insufficient to achieve target glucose levels. Sulfonylureas have been moved to Step 2 therapy because they:
Increase endogenous insulin secretion.
Have a significant risk for hypoglycemia.
Address the insulin resistance found in type II diabetics.
Improve insulin binding to receptors.
Question 67. Question :
inhibiting pain transmission in the spinal cord
attaching to receptors in the afferent neuron to inhibit the release of substance P
blocking neurotransmitters in the midbrain
increasing beta-lipoprotein excretion from the pituitary
Question 68. Question :
Patients who are on or who will be starting chronic corticosteroid therapy need monitoring of __________.