Which of the following patients is most likely to have impairments to the wound-healing process? A patient with
A. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
B. congenital heart defects and anemia.
C. poorly controlled blood sugars with small blood vessel disease.
D. a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis and consequent impaired mobility.
The geriatrician providing care for a 74-year-old man with diagnosis of Parkinson disease has recently changed the client’s medication regimen. What is the most likely focus of the pharmacologic treatment of the man’s health problem?
A. Increasing the functional ability of the underactive dopaminergic system
B. Maximizing acetylcholine release from synaptic vesicles at neuromuscular junctions
C. Preventing axonal degradation of motor neurons
D. Preventing demyelination of the efferent cerebellar pathways
A 4-year-old boy presents with a chronic cough and swollen lymph nodes. His records show that he has been given antibiotics several times in the past year with limited success, most recently for a liver abscess, and that he also has a recurring fungal skin condition. Which of the following is his most likely diagnosis?
A. Selective IgA deficiency
C. A deficiency in IgG2 subclass antibodies
D. Chronic granulomatous disease
A nurse is teaching a client with a recent diagnosis of diabetes about the roles that glucose and insulin play in the disease pathology and the fact that glucose must enter the body cell in order to provide energy for the client. The nurse knows that which of the following processes allows glucose to enter body cells?
A. Active transport
D. Facilitated diffusion
Two health care workers are comparing the etiology and incidence of multifactorial inheritance disorders and single-gene disorders. Which of the following statements best captures the relationship between the two types of genetic disorders?
A. “A couple with a child with a multifactorial disorder has a higher risk of having another with the same disorder.”
B. “Multifactorial disorders are more likely to involve multiple organs.”
C. “Multifactorial disorders and single-gene disorders can both be predicted quite accurately.”
D. “Multifactorial disorders manifest themselves at birth.”
A 44-year-old female who is on her feet for the duration of her entire work week has developed varicose veins in her legs. What teaching point would her care provider be most justified in emphasizing to the woman?
A. “Your varicose veins are likely a consequence of an existing cardiac problem.”
B. “Once you have varicose veins, there’s little that can be done to reverse them.”
C. “The use of blood thinner medications will likely relieve the backflow that is causing your varicose veins.”
D. “If you’re able to stay off your feet and wear tight stockings, normal vein tone can be reestablished.”
At 4 AM, the hemodynamic monitor for a critically ill client in the intensive care unit indicates that the client’s mean arterial pressure is at the low end of the normal range; at 6 AM, the client’s MAP has fallen definitively below normal. The client is at risk for
A. left ventricular hypertrophy.
B. pulmonary hypertension.
C. organ damage and hypovolemic shock.
D. orthostatic hypotension.
A baseball player was hit in the head with a bat during practice. In the emergency department, the physician tells the family that he has a “coup”injury. How will the nurse explain this to the family so they can understand?
A. “It’s like squeezing an orange so tight that the juice runs out of the top.”
B. “Your son has a huge laceration inside his brain where the bat hit his skull.”
C. “Your son has a contusion of the brain at the site where the bat hit his head.”
D. “When the bat hit his head, his neck jerked backward causing injury to the spine.”