NURSING

Question 27 1 / 1 point

The most cost-effective treatment for two or three impetigo lesions on the face is:

Question options:

Mupirocin ointment

Retapamulin (Altabax) ointment

Topical clindamycin solution

Oral amoxicillin/clavulanate (Augmentin)

Question 28 1 / 1 point

Medications are typically started for angina patients when:

Question options:

The first permanent EKG changes occur

The start of class I or II symptoms

The events trigger a trip to the emergency department

When troponin levels become altered

Question 29 0 / 1 point

Rabi is being prescribed phenytoin for seizures. Monitoring includes assessing:

Question options:

For phenytoin hypersensitivity syndrome 3 to 8 weeks after starting treatment

For pedal edema throughout therapy

Heart rate at each visit and consider altering therapy if heart rate is less than 60 bpm

For vision changes, such as red-green blindness, at least annually

Question 30 1 / 1 point

Alterations in drug metabolism among Asians may lead to:

Question options:

Slower metabolism of antidepressants, requiring lower doses

Faster metabolism of neuroleptics, requiring higher doses

Altered metabolism of omeprazole, requiring higher doses

Slower metabolism of alcohol, requiring higher doses

Question 31 1 / 1 point

The dosage of Vitamin B12 to initially treat pernicious anemia is:

Question options:

Nasal cyanocobalamin 1 gram spray in each nostril daily x 1 week then weekly x 1 month

Vitamin B12 IM monthly

Vitamin B12 1,000 mcg IM daily x 1 week then 1,000 mg IM weekly for a month

Oral cobalamin 1,000 mcg daily

Question 32 1 / 1 point

There is often cross-sensitivity and cross-resistance between penicillins and cephalosporins because:

Question options:

Renal excretion is similar in both classes of drugs.

When these drug classes are metabolized in the liver they both produce resistant enzymes.

Both drug classes contain a beta-lactam ring that is vulnerable to beta-lactamase-producing organisms.

There is not an issue with cross-resistance between the penicillins and cephalosporins.

Question 33 1 / 1 point

The reason that two MMR vaccines at least a month apart are recommended is:

Question options:

The second dose of MMR “boosts” the immunity built from the first dose.

Two vaccines 1 month apart is the standard dosing for all live virus vaccines.

If the two MMR vaccine doses are given too close together there is a greater likelihood of severe localized reaction to the vaccine.

Only 95% of patients are fully immunized for measles after the first vaccine, with 99% having immunity after two doses of MMR.

Question 34 1 / 1 point

A laboratory result indicates that the peak level for a drug is above the minimum toxic concentration. This means that the:

Question options:

Concentration will produce therapeutic effects

Concentration will produce an adverse response

Time between doses must be shortened

Duration of action of the drug is too long

Question 35 1 / 1 point

Why is the consistency of taking paroxetine (Paxil) and never running out of medication more important than with most other selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)?

Question options:

It has a shorter half-life and withdrawal syndrome has a faster onset without taper.

It has the longest half-life and the withdrawal syndrome has a faster onset.

It is quasi-addictive in the dopaminergic reward system.

It is the most activating of SSRI medications and will cause the person to have sudden deep sadness.

Question 36 1 / 1 point

Chee is a 15-month-old male whose screening hemoglobin is 10.4 g/dL. Treatment for his anemia would be:

Question options:

18 mg/day of iron supplementation

6 mg/kg per day of elemental iron

325 mg ferrous sulfate per day

325 mg ferrous sulfate tid

Question 37 1 / 1 point

Education for patients who use an inhaled beta-agonist and an inhaled corticosteroid includes:

Question options:

Use the inhaled corticosteroid first, followed by the inhaled beta-agonists.

Use the inhaled beta-agonist first, followed by the inhaled corticosteroid.

Increase fluid intake to 3 liters per day.

Avoid use of aspirin or ibuprofen while using inhaled medications.

Question 38 1 / 1 point

According to the U.S. Office of Minority Health, poor health outcomes among African Americans are attributed to:

Question options:

The belief among African Americans that prayer is more powerful than drugs

Poor compliance on the part of the African American patient

The genetic predisposition for illness found among African Americans

Discrimination, cultural barriers, and lack of access to health care

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