For this Discussion, you will consider the role of theory in research and the relationship between theory and philosophical orientations. You will also familiarize yourself with a theory in your field so that you may become more conversant in your discipline’s theoretical foundations.

With these thoughts in mind:

Assignment: an explanation of the role of theory in research. Next, identify a theory in your discipline and explain its basic tenets. Then, with this theory in mind, consider your answer to the following question posed by Drs. Burkholder and Burbank in last week’s reading: “What do I have to believe about the world and about human beings in order for me to accept or use this theory?” (p. 27).  Finally, describe the extent to which the epistemological and ontological assumptions of your chosen theory align with the philosophical orientation that reflects your worldview.

Be sure to support your Main Issue Post and Response Post with reference to the week’s Learning Resources and other scholarly evidence in APA Style.


must answer the assignment question thoroughly!

apa required 

turn it in required 

1 page or longer if needed 

must be on time !!!

In this assignment, you will explore various ideologies or purposes  of punishment and how these ideologies can affect sentencing.


First, identify at least three key ideologies or purposes of  punishment. Select the ideologies or purposes you would like to explore a  bit more and enter one in each open text box in the “Ideology/Purpose”  column in the provided Module Two Assignment Template.

  • Note: You may repeat ideologies or purposes more than once if you  would like, but you must use a different sentencing structure with which  to explore the impact.

Then, choose at least three sentencing structures to enter into each  open text box in the “Sentencing Structure” column. You may enter them  in any order you wish in order to explore the effects of the structure  on the ideology or purpose of your choice. For example, you may wish to  explore the effects of mandatory minimum sentences on retribution or  rehabilitation. Select the three pairs that interest you the most.

  • Note: Use the list of sentencing structures found in the Project Guidelines and Rubric.

Finally, in 100 to 150 words for each of the three effects you will  explore, describe how each ideology or purpose and the sentencing  structure you selected in that row affects sentencing. What is the  impact of each sentencing structure when you are trying to achieve the  ideology or purpose you have identified? Consider the following in your  response:

  • Does it help achieve the goals of that ideology or purpose? Does it hinder them?
  • Does it create potential new pathways of punishment or, at the very least, new approaches to punishment?
  • What happens to the system when you combine these different ideas?

Specifically, you must address the following rubric criteria:

  • Identify key ideologies or purposes of punishment.
  • Choose a sentencing structure for each ideology or purpose.
  • Explore how each ideology or purpose and its corresponding sentencing structure affects sentencing.

Guidelines for Submission

This assignment must be completed using the provided Module Two Assignment Template. Any references should be cited in APA format. Consult the Shapiro Library APA Style Guide for more information on citations.

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