Law

Chapter 12 Quiz – Gain Compliance with the Law

TRUE/FALSE

1. Crime control policies have traditionally relied on external authority, such as law enforcement and punitive sentence, but procedural justice policies seek to cultivate internally based voluntary obligation

2. Where you have lawfulness you always find legitimacy.

3. Domestic violence offenders had lower recidivism rates when they felt they were treated fairly in the criminal justice system.

4. Procedural justice issues appear to contribute to law-abiding behavior in terms of minor offenses but the effect on serious crimes is not yet known.

5. The most important injustices are the visible action of police that involve beat meetings.

6. Research evidence shows the injustice of racial bias in the criminal justice system to be perceived but not real.

7. In response to the overreach of criminal behavior, some have recommended the law be used sparingly and focus on high consensus offenses that cause harm.

8. A lack of consensus over criminal behavior contributes to the appearance of arbitrary law enforcement which can result in cynicism about law enforcement.

9. The practical consequences of making certain behavior illegal include the development of criminal syndicates as well as the possibility of corruption of the criminal justice system.

10. The flawed crime control strategy underlying decriminalization of public order offenses assumes it would give police more time to concentrate on serious crimes.

11. Thirty seven states prohibit sodomy, but the remaining states have decriminalized it.

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. The ultimate goal of the CJS and other social institutions is to

 

a.

maintain an orderly society

 

b.

hold people accountable for their   actions

 

c.

help people adjust to their social   environment

 

d.

maintain the economic and political   social order

 

e.

all of the above

2. The difference between traditional crime control policies and procedural justice policies is

 

a.

procedural justice policies demand   rigorous evidence-based evaluations of their effectiveness whereas   traditional crime control policies did not

 

b.

liberals and conservatives conflicted   over traditional crime control policies but are largely in agreement when it   comes to procedural justice policies

 

c.

traditional policies rely on external   coercion to get people to obey the law whereas procedural justice policies   seek to cultivate voluntary compliance with the law

 

d.

traditional crime control policies tend   to be expensive to implement and subject to evasion by the courtroom   workgroup whereas procedural justice policies are not

3. Tyler argues that a critical factor in people’s complying with the law is

 

a.

they are aware of the law

c.

they understand the consequences

 

b.

perceived legitimacy of the law

d.

all of the above

4. What is the difference between lawfulness and legitimacy?

 

a.

the two terms can be used   interchangeably

 

b.

lawfulness refers to liberal policies   while legitimacy refers to conservative policies

 

c.

lawfulness refers to citizens while   legitimacy refers to the justice system

 

d.

lawfulness refers to behavior while   legitimacy refers to perception

5. _____(1)_____ involves case outcomes while _____(2)_____ depends on how people feel they were treated.

 

a.

(1) lawfulness (2) legitimacy

 

b.

(1) distributive justice (2) procedural   justice

 

c.

(1) legitimacy (2) cumulative   disadvantage

 

d.

(1) procedural justice (2) perception

6. One of the key variables in people’s satisfaction with a system is the sense that

 

a.

they have an opportunity to participate   and express their point of view

 

b.

it does not rely on coercive authority   as a mechanism for gaining compliance

 

c.

the system promotes the greatest good   for the greatest number

 

d.

the system itself displays lawful   behavior

7. In studies of procedural justice, it was found that offenders who perceived they were treated fairly by criminal justice agents

 

a.

recidivated at a higher rate

c.

were more likely to accept plea   negotiations without an attorney

 

b.

impacted their level of satisfaction and   recidivism rates

d.

only committed minor offenses

8. Tyler’s research found that a sense of justice contributes to law-abiding behavior, but a limitation of the study was that he only asked people about what?

 

a.

juvenile delinquency

c.

domestic violence

 

b.

victimless crimes

d.

minor offenses

9. The importance of procedural justice in relation to people’s perceptions has been examined in which part(s) of the criminal justice system?

 

a.

law enforcement

c.

law enforcement and sentencing

 

b.

trial proceedings

d.

sentencing and reentry

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