Quiz 3 – Chapter 6 – Deter the Criminals
1. Liberals typically favor deterrence-oriented policies because they favor prevention.
2. Scared Straight programs are designed to deter by provoking fear in order to make crime seem more costly than beneficial to juveniles.
3. The “pulling levers” strategy has been shown to be effective in deterring crime because it is focused on select targets.
4. The fatalistic offender assumes that they will escape arrest and reap the rewards that crime has to offer.
5. An analysis of Rand Inmate Survey data revealed that the inmates acted rationally in calculating the costs and benefits of crime.
6. To this date, Ehrlich’s is the only high quality death penalty research that proves the death penalty deters murder.
7. Walker proposes that the death penalty does not deter crime.
8. The typical victim in an alcohol-related crash is the drunk driver who has no criminal justice record of drunk driving.
9. Crackdowns are an effective strategy that deters drunk driving for a long period of time.
10. Walker credits much of the decline in the motor vehicle death rate to social policies rather than criminal justice policies.
1. The theory of deterrence
|a.||is the oldest criminal justice theory on record|
|b.||is one of the youngest criminal justice theories on record|
|c.||is simple but its application to actual practice is complex|
|d.||is complex in its requirements but simple to practice|
2. It is important to distinguish between
|a.||the costs and benefits of deterrence based policies in the criminal justice system|
|b.||the deterrent effect of the criminal law and the effect of other social institutions|
|c.||ineffective traditional forms of deterrence and effective modern forms of deterrence|
|d.||the deterrent effect and the effects of prevention-based criminal justice policies|
3. The theory of deterrence rests on a number of assumptions including
|a.||severity of punishment is more important than its certainty|
|b.||the notion that the CJS is the only institution able to promote deterrence|
|c.||the use of UCR data to communicate risk of apprehension to potential offenders|
|d.||people have to perceive consequences as unpleasant and act rationally|
4. _____(1)_____ deterrence is directed at individual offenders while _____(2)_____ deterrence is directed at society as a whole
|a.||(1) specific (2) general||c.||(1) absolute (2) marginal|
|b.||(1) general (2) specific||d.||(1) marginal (2) absolute|
5. This deterrence type looks at macro-level changes in public policy designed to increase the risk of apprehension
6. One of the reasons for being skeptical about how effectively deterrence-oriented policies are translated into practice is that
|a.||these policies are interpreted differently by police than they are by the courts|
|b.||they are typically avoided by liberal courtroom work groups|
|c.||we haven’t had the funding to implement these policies as intended|
|d.||the social stigma attached to crime commission is lost given frequent arrests of African American males|
7. Evaluations of Scared Straight programs revealed that
|a.||they were not implemented as intended|
|b.||none of them reduced crime and some had adverse outcomes|
|c.||they were not cost-effective|
|d.||they deterred more chronic offenders than first-time offenders|
8. Programs known as __________ exposed juveniles to prison conditions in order to provide direct evidence of the unpleasant consequences of criminal behavior.
|a.||Brutalization Experience||c.||Scared Straight|
9. Official data shows that _____% of all Index crimes are reported to police..