History

Matching

Match each item to the statement listed below.

a. government ruled by religious leaders
b. preached that some were predestined for salvation
c. wrote 95 theses against indulgences
d. Dutch scholar who criticized the church
e. taught that life should be meaningful
f. religious order that spread Catholicism during the Counter-Reformation
g. purchased pardons from punishment
h. removal of belief in magic
i. created movable type printing press
j. “Defender of the Faith”
k. technique to show distance
l. clarified Roman Catholic doctrine

____ 1. humanists

____ 2. perspective

____ 3. Gutenberg

____ 4. Erasmus

____ 5. indulgences

____ 6. Martin Luther

____ 7. John Calvin

____ 8. theocracy

____ 9. Jesuits

____ 10. disenchantment

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 11. The Renaissance began in Italy for all of the following reasons EXCEPT

a. contact with Byzantine scholars who preserved Greek and Roman ideas.
a. contact with new ideas from Asia and Africa.
c. interest in study of early Christian writings.
d. wealth from increased trade.

____ 12. All of the following are Renaissance artists EXCEPT

a. Castiglione. c. Michelangelo.
b. Giotto. d. Titian.

____ 13. Erasmus differed from Italian Renaissance scholars in that

a. he studied the work of early Christians.
b. he emphasized Greek culture over Rome.
c. he studied Eastern philosophies.
d. he studied Judaism and Buddhism.

____ 14. Writer such as Shakespeare and Marlowe focused on

a. the role of God in human life. c. the development of Christian values.
b. human actions and emotions. d. questions about the universe.

____ 15. All of the following caused religious dissent EXCEPT

a. selling of indulgences
b. Immoral behavior amongst the clergy.
c. Dismissing classics in favor of Christian teachings.
d. Too much involvement in politics and war.

____ 16. Luther’s teachings

a. Increased the role of the clergy. c. Encouraged the use of DRUGS.
b. Decreased the role of the clergy. d. Decreased the rope of the Bible.

____ 17. Luther’s ideas spread quickly because of

a. Support of German princes.
b. The printing press.
c. His missionary journeys through Europe.
d. Support of protesting priests.

____ 18. The Anglican Church was formed as a result of

a. The protests of English followers against Luther.
b. Henry VI’s fight with the pope about his divorce.
c. Henry Vim’s fight with the pope about taxation of the church.
d. Henry Vim’s fight with the pope over appointing bishops.

____ 19. The Edict of Nantes

a. Required all Calvinists to leave France.
b. Required all Calvinists to leave England.
c. Gave French Calvinists some rights.
d. Gave English Calvinists some rights.

____ 20. The Council of Trent did all of the following EXCEPT

a. Eliminate sale of indulgences. c. Emphasize the need for priests.
b. Tighten discipline within clergy. d. Eliminate the emphasis on ceremony.

____ 21. The Reformation and Counter-Reformation led to

a. Greater religious tolerance. c. Clearly defined religious states.
b. Less religious tolerance. d. More uniformity of religion.

____ 22. Small town life in rapidly changing times led to

a. attempts to bring in more people.
b. More tolerance for unusual behavior.
c. Strong governments that excluded the people.
d. Less tolerance for individuality.

____ 23. Superstition and witchcraft helped Renaissance people explain

a. The unknown. c. The actions of the king.
b. Good’s actions. d. The actions of others.

____ 24. Broadsides were

a. Used to print more quickly.
b. Single page sheets of news.
c. Single page sheets for use in schools.
d. Bibles printed in vernacular language.

____ 25. Education increased during the Renaissance because of

a. Requirements by the government. c. Encouragement from the church.
b. Demands by workers. d. Competition with other countries.

Short Answer

26. During the period of 1481-1490, how many cities began using printing technology?

27. During what time period did printing technology increase the most?

28. Why do you think that printing technology spread slowly from 1450-1470?

30. What does the trend in this chart tell you about the spread of printing technology in Europe?

31. What is humanism?

32. What was the difference between Italian and northern Renaissance artists?

33. Why was Germany the center of the Reformation?

34. List three tactics of the Counter-Reformation.

35. Why were magic and superstitions so attractive to Renaissance people?

Essay- Choose one- 400 Words For Answer

36. How did artists and writers of the Renaissance express humanist values?

37. Compare and contrast the beliefs of Lutherans, Calvinists, and Catholics.

38. Discuss the impact of the printing press on humanism and the Reformation.

39. Was the Counter-Reformation a success? Why or why not?

40. How did small village life during the Renaissance reflect the world at large?

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