History

Why is the Epic of Gilgamesh a first in known literary works?

Answer

[removed] It is the first to confront the idea of death
[removed] It is the first to show humans challenging gods
[removed] It is the first to celebrate human friendship
[removed] It is the first to present gods as anthropomorphic

 

 

Which statement best describes an epic as a literary form?

Answer

[removed] It is always entirely fiction and a very long prose narrative.
[removed] It is a long narrative poem following exalted characters through adventures.
[removed] It is rich in symbols and images of nature.
[removed] It involves a protagonist and an antagonist involved in a series of dramatic chase scenes.

 

 

What was the Mesopotamian ruler’s role in religion?

Answer

[removed] To act as intermediary between the gods and humans
[removed] To preside at sacrifices that took place atop the ziggurats
[removed] To mate with a priestess in a yearly ceremony
[removed] To select a particular divinity to be chief in his city-state

 

 

What does Hammurabi’s code tell about the position of Mesopotamian women?

Answer

[removed] They were given the same legal rights as men
[removed] They were considered sacred daughters of the goddess Ishtar
[removed] They were inferior to men, on the same level as slaves in some ways
[removed] They were immune from punishments imposed on men

As noted in the chapter’s “Continuity and Change’ section, what most distinguishes Mesopotamia from Egypt?

Answer

[removed] The Mesopotamians were more dependent on their river systems
[removed] The Egyptians had a more limited form of writing
[removed] The Mesopotamians did not build massive architectural structures
[removed] The Egyptians were united by a more stable succession of rulers

 

 

Why would Akhenaten’s change in the religion create change in the visual arts?

Answer

[removed] Akhenaten declared artists to be dissidents, so they sought revenge through art
[removed] Artists strove to produce works of Aten only so as to please Akhenaten
[removed] The gods were no longer seen as perfect, so art’s subjects also could be imperfect
[removed] Akhenaten declared art to be created only by priests

Why were Egyptians buried with Books of Going Forth by Day (Books of the Dead)?

Answer

[removed] To enable their ka to recognize their ba
[removed] To help them survive the ritual of judgment
[removed] To provide instructions for resurrection
[removed] To show Osiris proof of their goodness

Why was Howard Carter’s discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb so “wonderful?”

Answer

[removed] This was the first time anyone had been able to thwart a tomb’s curse
[removed] This was the first tomb discovered that contained an intact mummy
[removed] This still contained gold and other artifacts because it was the only royal tomb in Egypt not to have been looted
[removed] This was the first time a tomb’s resident was known by name

 

 

 

 

 

Why during the 8th century BCE were the Kushites able to control Egypt?

Answer

[removed] The Egyptians needed stronger leadership to thwart an Assyrian invasion
[removed] The Egyptian pharaohs had become weakened due to inbreeding
[removed] The Kushites invaded Egypt, killed the pharaoh, and seized control
[removed] The Kushites controlled most of Egypt’s debt from building programs

 

 

 

Why did the Egyptians go to such lengths to preserve the dead?

Answer

[removed] They believed that the deceased eventually would be resurrected
[removed] They believed that only intact bodies could enter the underworld
[removed] They believed the deceased should imitate Osiris, the prototype mummy
[removed] The believed the deceased’s ka and ba would not recognize a decomposed body

 

 

 

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