Why is the Epic of Gilgamesh a first in known literary works?
|[removed]||It is the first to confront the idea of death|
|[removed]||It is the first to show humans challenging gods|
|[removed]||It is the first to celebrate human friendship|
|[removed]||It is the first to present gods as anthropomorphic|
Which statement best describes an epic as a literary form?
|[removed]||It is always entirely fiction and a very long prose narrative.|
|[removed]||It is a long narrative poem following exalted characters through adventures.|
|[removed]||It is rich in symbols and images of nature.|
|[removed]||It involves a protagonist and an antagonist involved in a series of dramatic chase scenes.|
What was the Mesopotamian ruler’s role in religion?
|[removed]||To act as intermediary between the gods and humans|
|[removed]||To preside at sacrifices that took place atop the ziggurats|
|[removed]||To mate with a priestess in a yearly ceremony|
|[removed]||To select a particular divinity to be chief in his city-state|
What does Hammurabi’s code tell about the position of Mesopotamian women?
|[removed]||They were given the same legal rights as men|
|[removed]||They were considered sacred daughters of the goddess Ishtar|
|[removed]||They were inferior to men, on the same level as slaves in some ways|
|[removed]||They were immune from punishments imposed on men|
As noted in the chapter’s “Continuity and Change’ section, what most distinguishes Mesopotamia from Egypt?
|[removed]||The Mesopotamians were more dependent on their river systems|
|[removed]||The Egyptians had a more limited form of writing|
|[removed]||The Mesopotamians did not build massive architectural structures|
|[removed]||The Egyptians were united by a more stable succession of rulers|
Why would Akhenaten’s change in the religion create change in the visual arts?
|[removed]||Akhenaten declared artists to be dissidents, so they sought revenge through art|
|[removed]||Artists strove to produce works of Aten only so as to please Akhenaten|
|[removed]||The gods were no longer seen as perfect, so art’s subjects also could be imperfect|
|[removed]||Akhenaten declared art to be created only by priests|
Why were Egyptians buried with Books of Going Forth by Day (Books of the Dead)?
|[removed]||To enable their ka to recognize their ba|
|[removed]||To help them survive the ritual of judgment|
|[removed]||To provide instructions for resurrection|
|[removed]||To show Osiris proof of their goodness|
Why was Howard Carter’s discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb so “wonderful?”
|[removed]||This was the first time anyone had been able to thwart a tomb’s curse|
|[removed]||This was the first tomb discovered that contained an intact mummy|
|[removed]||This still contained gold and other artifacts because it was the only royal tomb in Egypt not to have been looted|
|[removed]||This was the first time a tomb’s resident was known by name|
Why during the 8th century BCE were the Kushites able to control Egypt?
|[removed]||The Egyptians needed stronger leadership to thwart an Assyrian invasion|
|[removed]||The Egyptian pharaohs had become weakened due to inbreeding|
|[removed]||The Kushites invaded Egypt, killed the pharaoh, and seized control|
|[removed]||The Kushites controlled most of Egypt’s debt from building programs|
Why did the Egyptians go to such lengths to preserve the dead?
|[removed]||They believed that the deceased eventually would be resurrected|
|[removed]||They believed that only intact bodies could enter the underworld|
|[removed]||They believed the deceased should imitate Osiris, the prototype mummy|
|[removed]||The believed the deceased’s ka and ba would not recognize a decomposed body|