This chart contains all the research you need to write the final paper for this course. If you do the research and reading on the religion(s) we study each week, and if you give yourself a good guide to the religions using this chart, you will have a good foundation for that final paper. The more information you provide for yourself with this chart, the easier it will be to write your final paper. Do not forget to provide adequate material for any in-text citations and be sure to include a reference page as well. On the left hand side of the chart are the categories and the content to be discussed.

Complete and submit the following chart. Provide citations for any source(s) you used to explain or provide examples for in your research. List in APA Style full references for any in-text citations and source(s) made in the above chart. Use full sentences and correct grammar, etc..

Student Name:


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· State the name of the Religion being addressed in this chart.

· Please address ONLY ONE (1) religion per chart. If there is more than one religion for the week, do two charts.



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Every religion has a cosmology/cosmogony to explain its view of the universe and the place of humans in it. Explain the cosmology/cosmogony for this week’s religion. Explain how it is manifested in the subsequent worldview that develops for that religion.

(Kan) the concept and (Uchu) the universe originated from the philosophy of Laozi and Zhuangzi and Taoism and is written in two dimensions. The first dimension is the “heaven and earth” and the four directions and the second is the temporal dimension. The term Uchu is used interchangeably with sekai ( the world) in which “se” refers to past, present and future, while “Kai” refers to the spatial categories( east, west and south, up and down). Uchu is the modern idea of “view of nature” (Shizen kan). Shizen originates from Laozi and Zhuangzi. It implies the Taoist concept of “so of itself” but was translated to English as Nature


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In what way does this religion have a God or gods? How does this worship of deity/deities reflect the cosmology of the religion? If the religion has no God/gods, in what way does this absence reflect their cosmology?

“Shinto gods” are called Kami. They take the form and concept of things important to life like trees, mountains, rivers, wind and fertility. After death humans are revered by their families as ancestral Kami. Kami of extraordinary people are enshrined in shrines. Shinto’s most important Kami is goddess Amaterasu.


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· State how this religion views human beings. What is human nature according to this religion? Why does the view of human nature matter?

· If you cannot identify how this religion defines human beings, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t.

Human beings are part of the natural realm that is sacred. Normal acts such as contact with things that threaten life, example blood or death is likely to bring about pollution. This according to Shintoism is no sin as it is unavoidable. However the pollution has to be washed away through purification acts. The aim is to maintain the pure and natural ways and state of existence.


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· State how this religion defines the concept of good and evil.

· How does this definition or understanding impact the way adherents to the religion live their daily lives?

Although there is no concept of sin in Shintoism, it recognizes evil and that it is brought about by evil spirits. Anything that disturbs our harmony with society, groups, or the natural world is regarded to as evil. Loyalty is of great importance and it is important to be loyal to family, job, friends etc. evil is not only bad but a detriment to our self. The highest virtue in Shinto is closeness to nature which is closeness to god.


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· All religions suggest that human beings are faced with a “problem” that needs to be overcome. What is the “problem” this religion identifies? Is this problem intrinsic or extrinsic for the person? Is it individually manifested or is it a collective problem?

Ritual impurities is a major problem in Shinto as it may offend the spirits (Kami) and may result in catastrophe like famine or drought. Tsumi the spirit of impurity mainly consist of negative energy. One has to purify the mind and body to attract good spirits.


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· What does this religion teach about “what comes next” after all is said and done? In what do adherents of this religion place their hope for any future life or existence? Describe the impact this belief or non-belief impacts the person daily life and the structures of society. With such a view of the after-life, what type of societal structures or institutions would we expect to develop in the culture?

Shintoism relies heavily on the concepts of Kami and not reincarnation. The spiritual energy in everyone is released and recycled at death. Spirits live in another world and the most sacred is the world of heaven. The other spirit worlds are not viewed as punishment or paradise instead it is the place where spirits reside. When people correctly perform rituals and festivals the spirits can easily visit the real world.


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· How do members of this religion “practice” their “faith?”

· What ceremonies, or rituals, do they use to help pass this religion on to the next generation? If you cannot identify how this religion is practiced, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t have any rituals or practices.

Due to the negative concept of death in Shinto religion most people perform Buddhist funeral procedures. This is as a result of belief in impurities at death or before death.


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· Identify one or two celebrations and/or festivals that members of this religion use to express their beliefs in public, or in private.

Why do religions develop celebrations and/or festivals? How are these different from practices and rituals?

Shinto festivals include Oshogatsu (New year), Haru Matsuri (spring festival), Rei Sai (annual festival)

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