U.S. History 1301- prior to 1877

1. The underlying cause of Bacon’s Rebellion was the

A. indifference of the colonial government to the threat of hostile Indians on the frontier.

B. planter class’s exclusive hold on political and economic power.

C. economic crisis brought on by the decline in tobacco prices.

D. harsh working conditions of indentured servants.

2. Cortes conquered the

A. all of the above.

B. Philippines in the Pacific.

C. Aztec of Mexico.

D. Inca in Peru.

3. Jean-Baptiste Colbert

A. revoked the Edict of Nantes

B. opposed “mercantilistic” government interference in the economy.

C. encouraged French exploration of North America on an unprecedented scale.

D. convinced Louis XIV to establish New Orleans to guard the Mississippi.

4. What did Spanish and Portuguese Christians unite to do in the 1400s?

A. spread Protestant Christianity to northern and western Europe

B. explore the east coast of Africa

C. spread Protestant Christianity around the world

D. drive Muslims out of the Iberian Peninsula

5. Spanish colonization efforts in the Philippines were challenged by the

A. Dutch.

B. English.

C. French.

D. Chinese.

6. After years of marginal survival, Jamestown prospered with

A. the introduction of the profitable crop tobacco.

B. additional financial and military support from the king.

C. the introduction of slave labor.

D. conquest of the Powhatan confederacy.

7. To what class would you attribute most of Bacon’s followers?

A. independent family farmers with enough land to support their families

B. wealthy landowners upset at the increasingly influential urban merchant class

C. urban merchants upset at the dominance of wealthy landowners

D. poor with little or no land and slaves

8. Sebastian Vizcaino

A. established a strong Spanish naval base at Monterey, California.

B. was appointed the first Viceroy of Mexico.

C. explored the South Pacific.

D. attempted to establish connections and trade between Japan and Spain

9. The Naval Stores Act helped foster the growth of

A. British shipbuilding.

B. North Carolina.

C. mercantilism.

D. urban ports like New Orleans.

10. After the Indian defeat in Metacom’s War, many of the surviving Indians were confined to enclaves or

A. executed for treason.

B. sold as slaves in the West Indies.

C. became forced laborers on English farms.

D. driven over their lands to the western frontier.

11. What policy did the Japanese adopt toward Westerners?

A. They successfully played one western power against another western power.

B. capitulation (to demands to become part of Spain’s empire)

C. isolation

D. They adopted no consistent plan, which greatly confused Westerners.

12. By the time of Queen Elizabeth’s death in 1603, England possessed all of the following elements to compete for colonial outposts EXCEPT

A. ambitious leaders and experienced soldiers seeking fame and fortune.

B. peace with Spain and other potential rivals in the Americas.

C. a large growing navy with sailors experienced in American waters.

D. enclosure and population growth which formed a ready supply of potential colonists.

13. Which class was over-represented compared to their proportion of the English population in the first waves of settlers in Jamestown?

A. gentleman

B. peasants

C. slaves

D. clergy

14. Metacom’s War was sparked by

A. the suspected murder of Wamsutta at the hands of the English.

B. the shooting of a Native American.

C. Indians killing cattle belonging to colonists.

D. English traders swindling land from the Indians.

15. Which of the following did NOT contribute to the Pueblo Revolt of 1680?

A. inability of Spanish soldiers to protect the Pueblo from hostile tribes

B. severe drought and prolonged famine

C. brutal suppression of a Pueblo religious revival by church officials

D. opposition to the large numbers of Spanish settlers moving into Pueblo land

16. The best evidence of cultural diversity among Archaic Indians is

A. food sources.

B. tool specialization.

C. languages.

D. material culture.

17. Spain added the overseas empire of Portugal to its own during the reign of

A. Charles I.

B. Francis II.

C. Philip II.

D. Ferdinand and Isabella.

18. Which of the following is NOT true of Peter Stuyvesant?

A. He commanded the fleet which captured New Sweden.

B. He served as governor of Dutch CuraƧao where he lost his leg during a Spanish attack.

C. He endorsed trade in African slaves to meet the labor shortage of New Netherland.

D. He complained of New Amsterdam’s ethnic diversity.

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