Question History :Hammering out a Federal Republic 1787-1820
small paragraph 5-9 sentences except last question 10-15 sentence
1.Why did Alexander Hamilton, as Washington’s first secretary of the treasury, advocate the creation of a permanent national debt and a national bank? What fears did his economic plans arouse in his Republican opponents?
2.What were the principal effects of the French and Haitian Revolutions in the United States? How did they influence the development of the American economy, American politics, and westward development?
3.What forces — ideological, political, and economic — led the United States to gain dominance over eastern North America in these years?
4.Explain the rise and fall of the First Party System. How did the policies implemented by Republican presidents between 1801 and 1825 differ from those implemented during the 1790s? Why did the Federalists fall out of favor? What legacy did the Federalists leave?
5.THEMATIC UNDERSTANDING Look at the events listed under “Work, Exchange, and Technology” and “Politics and Power” for the period 1800–1820 on the thematic timeline. What was the relationship in these years between the activism of the national government and developments in the American economy?
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6.ACROSS TIME AND PLACE In Chapter 6, thirteen former British colonies cooperated in war and established new republican institutions of self-government. After 1789, unforeseen divisions developed in American politics. Why did Hamiltonians and Jeffersonians disagree so sharply on key questions of national policy? Which of the factions in the First Party System — Federalists or Republicans — best embodied the principles of the Revolution? How did westward expansion and international relations force the United States to modify its Revolutionary republican ideals?
7.VISUAL EVIDENCE Return to the Currier & Ives print depicting the bombardment of Tripoli. What message does it convey about America’s position in the world? How well does that message square with the actual outcome of the First Barbary War? What does this suggest about the artist’s purpose? (http://www.macmillanhighered.com/BrainHoney/Resource/6696/digital_first_content/trunk/test/henretta8e/asset/img_ch7/ch07_07UN10.html) support image
8.KEY TURNING POINTS: The Northwest Ordinance (1787; Chapter 6), Kentucky and Tennessee join the Union (1792, 1796), and Jefferson is elected president (1800). How were developments in the West tied into national politics in the 1790s? Why did the Federalists steadily lose ground to the Republicans?
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