History

Your assignment is a 1000 word essay (with a thesis!) that integrates the following documents with an

answer to the following question:

Assess how much the American Revolution reshaped American society. (In your answer, be sure to

address the political, intellectual, social, and economic effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775

to 1800.)

Your essay must answer the question, and should demonstrate your research and knowledge of the topic. It must also cite key pieces of the documents as examples and/or evidence. Try not to leave any documents out of your paper.

Document 1

Source: Molly Wallace, valedictory address, Young Ladies’ Academy of Philadelphia, 1792.

What then must my situation be, when my sex, my youth and inexperience all conspire to make

me tremble at the task which I have undertaken? But the friendly encouragement, which I

behold in almost every countenance, enables me to overcome difficulties that would otherwise

be insurmountable. With some, however, it has been made a question, whether we ought ever

to appear in so public a manner. Our natural timidity, the domestic situation to which, by nature

and custom we seem destined, are urged as arguments against what I now have undertaken:

Many sarcastical observations have been handed out against female oratory: But to what do

they amount? Do they not plainly inform us, that, because we are females, we ought therefore

to be deprived of what is perhaps the most effectual means of acquiring a just, natural and

graceful delivery? No one will pretend to deny, that we should be taught to read in the best

manner. And if to read, why not to speak?

Document 2

Source: Message to Congress from the Chickasaw Chiefs, July 1783.

When our great father the King of England called away his warriors, he told us to take your

People by the hand as friends and brothers. . . . It makes our hearts rejoice to find that our great

father, and his children the Americans have at length made peace, which we wish may continue

as long as the Sun and Moon. And to find that our Brothers the Americans are inclined to take

us by the hand, and smoke with us at the great fire, which we hope will never be extinguished.

Document 3

Source: Statutes at Large of Virginia, 1786.

Be it enacted by the general Assembly, that no man shall be compelled to frequent or support

any religious worship, place, or ministry whatsoever . . . but that all men shall be free to profess,

and by argument to maintain, their opinion in matters of religion.

Document 4

Source: Woodcut of Patriot woman, Marblehead, MA, 1779 (New York Historical Society).

Document 5

Source: Pennsylvania Packet, 1779.

Awake, Americans, to a sense of your danger. No time to be lost. Instantly banish every Tory

from among you. Let America be sacred alone to freemen.

Drive far from you every baneful wretch who wishes to see you fettered with the chains of

tyranny. Send them where they may enjoy their beloved slavery to perfection— send them to

the island of Britain; there let them drink the cup of slavery and eat the bread of bitterness all the

days of their existence— there let them drag out a painful life, despised and accursed by those

very men whose cause they have had the wickedness to espouse. Never let them return to this

happy land— never let them taste the sweets of that independence which they strove to

prevent. Banishment, perpetual banishment, should be their lot.

Document 6

Source: United Indian Nations, Speech at the Confederate Council, 1786.

Brethren of the United States of America: It is now more than three years since peace was

made between the King of Great Britain and you, but we, the Indians, were disappointed, finding

ourselves not included in that peace . . . for we thought that its conclusion would have promoted

a friendship between the United States and the Indians. . . . You kindled your council fires where

you thought proper, without consulting us, at which you held separate treaties and have entirely

neglected our plan of having a general conference with the different nations of the confederacy.

Document 7

Source: James Madison in The Federalist, number 51, 1788.

Ambition must be made to counteract ambition. . . . It may be a reflection on human nature that

such devices should be necessary to control the abuses of government. But what is government

itself, but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If men were angels, no government

would be necessary. . . . In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men,

the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and

in the next place oblige it to control itself.

Document 8

Source: Letter from Abigail Adams to Thomas Jefferson, 1787.

With regard to the tumults in my native state, which you inquire about, I wish I could say that

report had exaggerated them. It is too true Sir, that they have been carried to so alarming a

height as to stop the courts of justice in several counties. Ignorant, restless desperados, without

conscience or principles, have led a deluded multitude to follow their standard, under pretense

of grievances which have no existence but in their imaginations. Some of them were crying out

for a paper currency, some for an equal distribution of property.

Document 9

Source: An Ordinance for the Government of the Territory of the United States Northwest of the River

Ohio, 1787.

Article 6th: There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory,

otherwise than in the punishment of crimes whereof the party shall have been duly convicted:

Provided, always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is

lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and

conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.

Document 10

Source: The Columbian Magazine, by James Trenchard. October 1786

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