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Thinking Through the Past

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Volume II: Since 1865 fifth edition

John Hollitz College of Southern Nevada

Thinking Through the Past A Critical Thinking Approach to U.S. History

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Thinking Through the Past: A Critical Thinking Approach to U.S. History, Volume II Fifth Edition John Hollitz

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Copyright 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial Review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Contents

Preface        xiii Introduction        1

1 Historians and Textbooks: The “Story” of Reconstruction 7 Setting    8 Investigation    9 Sources    10

Reconstruction (1906)    10 The Negro in Reconstruction (1922)    12 The Ordeal of Reconstruction (1966)    14 Reconstruction: An Unfinished Revolution (2001)    16

Conclusion    20 Further Reading    21 Notes    21

2 Using Primary Sources: Industrialization and the Condition of Labor 22 Setting    23 Investigation    24 Sources    25

Testimony of Workingmen (1879)    25 “Earnings, Expenses and Conditions of Workingmen and Their Families”

(1884)    28 “Human Power. . . Is What We Are Losing” (1910)    35

v

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vi Contents

Why We Struck at Pullman (1895)    36 Colored Workmen and a Strike (1887)    37 “I Struck Because I Had to” (1902)    38 Women Make Demands (1869)    41 Summary of Conditions Among Women Workers Found by the

Massachusetts Bureau of Labor (1887)    41 A Union Official Discusses the Impact of

Women Workers (1897)    42 Work in a Garment Factory (1902)    43 Gainful Workers by Age, 1870–1920    44 Breaker Boys (1906)    45

Conclusion    46 Further Reading    47 Notes    47

3 Evaluating Primary Sources: “Saving” the Indians in the Late Nineteenth Century 49 Setting    51 Investigation    52 Sources    53

“Land and Law as Agents in Educating Indians” (1885)    54 The Dawes Act (1887)    56 A Cheyenne Tells His Son About the Land (ca. 1876)    58 Cheyennes Try Farming (ca. 1877)    59 A Sioux Recalls Severalty (ca. 1900)    60 Supervised Indian Land Holdings by State, 1881–1933    62 A Proposal for Indian Education (1888)    63 Instructions to Indian Agents and Superintendents

of Indian Schools (1889)    65 The Education of Indian Students at Carlisle (1891)    67 Luther Standing Bear Recalls Carlisle (1933)    69 Wohaw’s Self-Portrait (1877)    72 Taking an Indian Child to School (1891)    73 A Crow Medicine Woman on Teaching the Young (1932)    73 Percentage of Population Over Ten Illiterate, 1900–1930    75

Conclusion    75 Further Reading    76 Notes    76

Copyright 2014 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial Review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

viiContents

4 Evaluating a Historical Argument: American Manhood and Philippine Annexation 77 Setting    79 Investigation    81 Secondary Source    82

Male Degeneracy and the Allure of the Philippines (1998)    83 Primary Sources    89

“Recommended by Hoar” (1899)    90 “The Anti-Expansion Ticket for 1900” (1899)    91 “The White Man’s Burden” (1899)    92 “The Filipino’s First Bath” (1899)    93 “The Strenuous Life” (1899)    94 William McKinley on Annexation (1899)    96 “In Support of an American Empire” (1900)    97 Selections from the Treaty Debate (1899)    100 Value of Manufactured Exports, 1880–1900    104 Value of U.S. Exports by Country of Destination, 1880–1900    105

Conclusion    106 Further Reading    106 Notes    107

5 The Problem of Historical Motivation: The Bungalow as the “Progressive” House 108 Setting    109 Investigation    111 Secondary Source    112

The Progressive Housewife and the Bungalow (1981)    112 Primary Sources    117

A Victorian House (1875)    119 A Craftsman Cottage (1909)    120 The Craftsman Contrasts Complexity and Confusion

with Cohesion and Harmony (1907)    121 Craftsman Home Interiors (1909)    122 Gustav Stickley on the Craftsman Home (1909)    123 Edward Bok on Simplicity (1900)    125 Cover from The Bungalow Magazine (1909)    126

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