1. Which of the following would not be considered a specialization within the discipline of physical anthropology?


a. human anatomy


b. paleopathology


c. primatology


d. phonology




2. The material products of former societies are known as:


a. artifacts.


b. fossils.


c. legacies.


d. antiquaries.




3. Anthropologist, Spencer Wells, is the director of the genoraphic project which is:


a. making significant contributions to the philosophy of archaeology.


b. conducting ethnographic fieldwork among the Vanomamö Indians of Venezuela.


c. helping to illuminate the migrations of humans throughout the world.


d. using computer technology to do cross-cultural comparisons.




4. Kelley Hays-Gilpin, a southwestern U.S. Archaeologist, studied:


a. Brazil.


b. gender approaches to the archaeological record.


c. tropical rainforests.


d. East Africa.




5. The people known as classical archaeologists conduct research on:


a. ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome.


b. the evolution of prehistoric stone tools.


c. societies of the more recent past.


d. ancestors of contemporary Native Americans.




6. Research on artifacts found in the remains of slave quarters at an 18th century tobacco plantation in Virginia would be an example of:


a. historical archaeology.


b. forensic anthropology.


c. applied anthropology.


d. classical archaeology.








7. One of the most important tool types invented by homo erectus was the:


a. Mousterian hammerstone.


b. Clovis projectile point.


c. Neolithic grinding stone.


d. Acheulian hand axe.




8. The stone tool industry associated with Neanderthal populations was called the:


a. Oldowan complex.


b. Mousterian tradition.


c. Acheulian technology.


d. Chopper tool system.


e. Composite tool tradition.




9. The climate characteristic of environments occupied by Neanderthals was:


a. hot.


b. warm.


c. temperate.


d. cold.




10. Fossil and archaeological evidence suggests that the first hominids to practice intentional burial of their dead were:


a. modern upper Paleolithic homo sapiens.


b. Homo erectus.


c. neanderthals.


d. Homo habilis.




11. The remains of four individuals, one of whom appears to have been surrounded by a bed of flowers, represent the first evidence of intentional burial. They were found at an archaeological site in:


a. England.


b. Mexico.


c. China.


d. Iraq.




12. Evidence suggesting that there were religious beliefs among Neanderthals includes:


a. cave paintings of supernatural beings.


b. small chambers in the far recesses of caves that contained “religious objects,” primarily clay figures of gods and goddesses.


c. stone-lined rectangular pits containing dozens of cave bear skulls.


d. burial sites.








13. The earliest traces of material culture are:


a. fossil teeth of the species australopithecus.


b. words like “ma” to indicate mother.


c. simple stone tools, like choppers and scrapers.


d. forms of social organization among different primates.




14. Which of the following would not be considered a form of material culture?


a. igloos.


b. cufflinks.


c. lullabies.


d. forks




15. The term “ideology” refers to:


a. signs and symbols used to communicate particular ideas.


b. beliefs and values supporting the interests of a group.


c. specific expressions of material culture.


d. a faulty or misguided world view.


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