POS 301 Electoral College
This week we will be discussing the Electoral College and you have an essay concerning this topic. Here are the instructions for the essay, which include some extra requirements not in the assignment directions (see all caps on the bottom of this announcement):
Write an essay of 750-1,000 words in which you:
1. Describe the structure and function of the Electoral College.
· How and when was it created in the U.S.?
· Why was it created, and by whom?
2. Compare the Electoral College to a popular vote approach for elections.
· How does the Electoral College system operate/function?
· What are consequences of using an Electoral College system versus a popular vote? Use the 2000 presidential election as an example.
3. Asses the value of an individual citizen’s vote under the Electoral College system.
· Why does the U.S. still use the Electoral College for presidential elections today?
STUDENTS MUST STICK TO THE WORD COUNT, NOT GOING OVER 1000 WORDS.
STUDENTS MUST NUMBER EACH OF THE QUESTIONS WITH THE CORRESPONDING ANSWERS.
The Electoral College in the United States comprises of electors legally chosen within each state to elect the president after a subsequent presidential election by the people. Every state has many presidential electors, and as many as the representatives in both houses and congress. In total, there are 538 members of the Electoral College. The various states have different numbers of representatives. California has the largest number of electors, 54. This is because there are 54 members in the congress who represent the people in the state. New York has 33 electors, Texas has 32, and Florida has 25, Pennsylvania with 23, and Ohio with 21.
Washington D.C and six other states have three electors each. Founders of the Electoral College had genuine reasons at heart when arranging the college over the popular vote, because, when travel was hard, and party organizations were not present, there was the threat of many regional candidates dividing the vote. The founders saw that, requiring a candidate to win a majority vote in the Electoral College had essence. In addition, it was a strategy in determining the national consensus. This is a very important activity, and that is why the US should retain the Electoral College.
In addition, the Electoral College prevents the accumulation of geographical power, forces national candidates to hold campaigns across the country, and stresses the importance of the minority voters. The founders aimed at equalizing power dominance to avoid the country to run on a unitary system, favoring a federal basis, because federalism is the fair way to run a very large and complex place like the United States. This Electoral College has helped the United States in various aspects. If it were not for it, most likely the US would not exist.
The founders of the Electoral College realized that in a situation where the United States president wins an election based on the popular vote, then there would be very few cities like Baltimore, Chicago, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, and New York selecting a president each year because of the populous populations. These more populous states may always carry the vote while the less populous states would have little or no say at all on the ruling of the country. For this reason, the US should retain the Electoral College.
Another reason why the US should retain the Electoral College is to avoid splitting of states from the United States. Basing on the different number of representatives each state has some states might feel they are capable of managing on their own. Other states may adopt this ideology and subsequently split. The Electoral College will continue raising eyebrows in the United States because some people get confused how a loser in a declared national popular vote, may win the presidency in the college. However, the Electoral College has substantial benefits to the country and retaining it will do the country good.