GOVERNMENT

23.
The landmark case of Schall v. Martin upheld the right of states to:

 

24.
A practice in which the juvenile court relinquishes its jurisdiction over a juvenile and transfers the case to adult court.

 

25.
A type of juvenile waiver that gives discretion to the prosecutor to file charges for certain legislatively designated offenses in either juvenile or criminal court.

 

26.
A type of juvenile waiver where state laws exclude from juvenile court jurisdiction certain offenses that are either very minor or very serious.

 

27.
A type of waiver that after a transfer hearing at which both prosecutor and defense attorney present evidence, a juvenile court judge may decide to waive jurisdiction and transfer the case to criminal court.

 

28.
A type of waiver where state laws mandate that certain offenses be tried in adult court but once the case is heard, the trial judge can recommend the offender would be better served in the juvenile system.

 

29.
The hearing in which a judge decides whether to waive a juvenile to criminal court is called:

 

30.
The landmark case of Roper v. Simmons (2005) ruled that:

 

31.
The Supreme Court ruled that the juvenile death penalty was in violation of which Amendment?

 

32.
In the juvenile system, the initial appearance most likely resembles the _____________ in adult court.

 

33.
For juvenile offenders, the ____________________ is equivalent to the sentencing phase in an adult criminal case.

 

34.
In comparison to the adult court, the sentencing phase is said to be:

 

35.
The decision of a judge who orders an adjudicated and sentenced juvenile offender to be placed in a correctional facility.

 

36.
____________________ involves treating offenders who would normally have been sent to a secure treatment facility as part of a very small probation caseload that receives almost daily scrutiny.

 

37.
The typical resident of a juvenile facility is a:

 

38.
The attempt to remove the warehousing of youths in juvenile facilities with little deterrent effects is known as:

 

39.
A balanced, highly structured, comprehensive continuum of intervention for serious and violent juvenile offenders returning to the community is known as:

 

40.
Aubrey Jamison, a 17 year old student, is arrested for possession of marijuana in her high school after an anonymous tip led the principal and guidance counselor to search her locker and the belongings in the locker. In her purse was found a small about of the narcotic and 3 prescription strength oxycodone pills. Using this information, answer the following questions:

Aubrey’s parents sued the school district stating the search was unconstitutional and without a valid warrant the search should not be allowed. Based on Supreme Court rulings:

 

41.
Aubrey Jamison, a 17 year old student, is arrested for possession of marijuana in her high school after an anonymous tip led the principal and guidance counselor to search her locker and the belongings in the locker. In her purse was found a small about of the narcotic and 3 prescription strength oxycodone pills. Using this information, answer the following questions:

If upon finding the prescription drugs, the principal and guidance counsel conducted a strip search on Ms. Jamison the Court would rule:

 

42.
Aubrey Jamison, a 17 year old student, is arrested for possession of marijuana in her high school after an anonymous tip led the principal and guidance counselor to search her locker and the belongings in the locker. In her purse was found a small about of the narcotic and 3 prescription strength oxycodone pills. Using this information, answer the following questions:

Given this was Ms. Jamison’s first offense and that she is a model student, it is likely the judge my focus on providing her treatment in a court for substance abusers known as:

 

43.
Keith Reed, a 15 year old male, white, no priors, is brought in for questioning for larceny of  several hundred dollars worth of computer parts from a warehouse in downtown Cincinnati. Using this information, walk Mr. Reed through the juvenile court system.

Mr. Reed, when questioned was arrested. He was released to his parents as he was not deemed a threat risk. If he was deemed a risk to himself or to the community he would have been:

 

44.
Keith Reed, a 15 year old male, white, no priors, is brought in for questioning for larceny of  several hundred dollars worth of computer parts from a warehouse in downtown Cincinnati. Using this information, walk Mr. Reed through the juvenile court system.

Given the nature of the case, the decision to file charges in criminal court and waive the juvenile is placed in the hands of the prosecutor. This is called:

 

45.
Keith Reed, a 15 year old male, white, no priors, is brought in for questioning for larceny of  several hundred dollars worth of computer parts from a warehouse in downtown Cincinnati. Using this information, walk Mr. Reed through the juvenile court system.

If the case was more to adult court due the nature of the crime resulting in a felony based on the worth of the property stolen, but the judge later finds that the juvenile would be better served in the juvenile system, this would be an example of:

 

46.
Keith Reed, a 15 year old male, white, no priors, is brought in for questioning for larceny of  several hundred dollars worth of computer parts from a warehouse in downtown Cincinnati. Using this information, walk Mr. Reed through the juvenile court system.

If the decision was to leave the juvenile in the adult criminal courts; the decision of the judge to place the offender in a correctional facility would be called:

 

47.
A young female, age 16, is arrested for the third time in a two-year period for possession of drugs, curfew violations, and obstruction of justice for lying to police. Using this information, answer the following questions:

The commonly used formal sanction for juveniles is probation, however, in this case an alternative correctional practice called ________________, which uses daily supervision by an assigned probation officer and may include other restrictions and penalties called that may be more useful.

 

48.
A young female, age 16, is arrested for the third time in a two-year period for possession of drugs, curfew violations, and obstruction of justice for lying to police. Using this information, answer the following questions:

Due to a rise in gang related crime in the juvenile’s neighborhood and school district, the city will begin using what program used in in all 50 states to combat juvenile criminal violence.

 

49.
A young female, age 16, is arrested for the third time in a two-year period for possession of drugs, curfew violations, and obstruction of justice for lying to police. Using this information, answer the following questions:

Having threatened to kill herself after her third arrest, the court ruled that ______________, or the temporary care of a delinquent who may harm herself be given.

 

50.
A young female, age 16, is arrested for the third time in a two-year period for possession of drugs, curfew violations, and obstruction of justice for lying to police. Using this information, answer the following questions:

At her juvenile sentencing or _________________, the female was given 1 year in juvenile detention with mandatory drug counseling and anger management.

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