ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

Gwyneth Jones’s Global Climate Change Links & Resources List

This last modified: Sunday, 6/15/14

Please do send additional suggestions – I will keep expanding this list

How do you know what you know?…And how will you know if you’re wrong?

What do you (think you) know about global climate change?…

Pre-Learning SURVEYS: Which of the “6 Americas” would you say you are? — Alarmed, Concerned, Cautious, Disengaged, Doubtful, Dismissive (Yale U & George Mason U) — Added 2/4/14 Survey #1: Global Warming/Climate Change Survey #2: Science, Economics, Government Denialism: What Is It And How Should Scientists Respond? (Diethelm & McKee, 2009) – .pdf — Added 2/4/14 NOTE: If you are not already in one of my classes and you decide to take one or both of these surveys — or a related one not listed below — I would be very interested in a copy of your results! 🙂 ~GJ

Pre-Learning “FACT or OPINION?” Scientific Method Activity & Logical Fallacies: — Added 2/4/14

A fact is something that is true and is supported by evidence. An opinion is something you believe or feel to be true and is open to debate. A logical fallacy is a flaw in reasoning. Grades 3-12+: Full document .doc or .pdf (17 pages) – Examples given are: Trees, groundhogs, plate tectonics, global climate change

Or just the handout (5 page .pdf) or extra images (1 page .pdf) or fallacies bkgd (11 page .pdf) PreK-Grade 5: Coloring & Drawing .doc or .pdf (5 pages) NOTE: This is adaptable for all ages, PreK through college. (I’ve found it interesting to hear my 3- and 6- year-olds discussing what is fact vs. what is opinion.) If you use or adapt it, I would be very interested in your feedback. 🙂 ~GJ

Climate Change Evidence, Impacts, and Choices: Answers to Common Questions about the Science of Climate Change (“Responding to climate change is about making choices in the face of risk.” ~NRC)

Part I. Evidence for Human-Caused Climate Change How do we know that Earth has warmed? How do we know that greenhouse gases lead to warming? How do we know that humans are causing greenhouse gases to increase? How much are human activities heating Earth? How do we know the current warming trend isn’t caused by the Sun? How do we know the current warming trend isn’t caused by natural cycles? What other climate changes and impacts have been observed? The Ice Ages Part II. Warming, Climate Changes, and Impacts in the 21st Century and Beyond How do scientists project future climate change? How will temperatures be affected? How is precipitation expected to change? How will sea ice and snow be affected? How will coastlines be affected? How will ecosystems be affected? How will agriculture and food production be affected? Part III. Making Climate Choices How does science inform emissions choices? What are the choices for reducing greenhouse gas emissions? What are the choices for preparing for the impacts of climate change? Why take action if there are still uncertainties about the risks of climate change? Conclusion

Climate Proxies Lecture (how do scientists know about past climate?) Climate Change Extra Credit Lab (with thanks to Kathryn Hoppe! [GRCC]) Climate Hot Map: Global Warming Effects Around the World (Union of Concerned Scientists [UCS]) Resources About Global Warming and Climate Change (excellent list by University of Arizona’s Robert Strom [UA]) Ethics and Global Climate Change (Nature) — Added 5/16/14 The Keeling Curve (UCSD) — Added 6/15/14

Good starting points…

Latest Climate Trends (TED Talk) Climate Change: A Summary of the Science (The Royal Society–UK) Climate Change Controversies: A Simple Guide (The Royal Society–UK) Back to Basics: FAQs About Global Warming and Climate Change (US Environmental Protection Agency [EPA]) Climate Change: Science and Impacts Fact Sheet (University of Michigan’s Center for Sustainable Systems) Climate Change: Policy and Mitigation Fact Sheet (University of Michigan’s Center for Sustainable Systems) Global Climate Change Indicators (NOAA National Climatic Data Center [NCDC]) Global Warming Basics (Pew Center on Global Climate Change [Pew Center/C2ES]) Certainty vs. Uncertainty: Understanding Scientific Terms About Climate Change (Union of Concerned Scientists) Atlas of Population and Environment: Climate Change – and Background Sources (American Association for the Advancement of Science [AAAS]) Climate Change: Oh, It’s Real. (8 TED Talks) — Added 1/10/14 IPCC 4: Synthesis Report (2007–Report 5 due in 2014) and IPCC 5: Summary for Policymakers (newly published; see orange text boxes & Figure SPM.6) and IPCC Report 5: The Physical Science Basis (newly published) (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC]) — Updated 1/10/14

The following terms are by the IPCC to indicate the assessed likelihood: Term* Likelihood of the outcome Virtually certain 99–100% probability Very likely 90–100% probability Likely 66–100% probability About as likely as not 33–66% probability Unlikely 0–33% probability Very unlikely 0–10% probability Exceptionally unlikely 0–1% probability

* Additional terms (extremely likely: 95–100% probability, more likely than not: >50–100% probability, and extremely unlikely: 0–5% probability) may also be used when appropriate.

Books & films, podcasts & blogs…

An Inconvenient Truth (film – “AIT”) Bellevue College Library Media Center – 3 out of 3 copies currently available King County Library System – 19 out of 25 DVDs currently available YouTube Paramount Pictures – streaming Amazon.Com – streaming or DVD, currently $0.17 to $9.99

The 11th Hour (film) The One Degree Factor (episode of Strange Days on Planet Earth) A Sea Change (film) Merchants of Doubt (book) Doubt Is Their Product (book) Advancing the Science of Climate Change (book) Story of Stuff (short film) Pew Center/C2ES PodcastsGuardian (UK) Climate Change Podcasts NPR Climate Connections Podcasts

Other resources… Washington state…

Climate Change in Washington State (Washington State Department of Ecology [ECY]) Climate Change and Its Effects on Puget Sound (UW’s Climate Impacts Group / Puget Sound Action Team [PSAT]) Climate Change and Public Health in Washington – or Executive Summary (Collaborative on Health and the Environment–Washington (State) [CHE-Wa]) Climate Change in the Northwest: Implications for Our Landscapes, Waters, and Communities (NWCAR) — Added 1/10/14

Introduction: The Changing Northwest (Chapter 1) 1 Regional Introduction: The Physical, Ecological, and Social Template — Landscape and Climate; Ecosystems, Species, and Habitats; Population and Economy; Assessing the Economic Impacts of Climate Change; Northwest Tribes; A Region Shaped by Water 2 A Focus on Risk 3 Looking Toward the Future — Common Themes in a Changing Climate; Climate Change Adaptation in the Northwest 4 Conclusion Climate: Variability and Change in the Past and the Future (Chapter 2) 1 Understanding Global and Regional Climate Change 2 Past Changes in Northwest Climate: Means 3 Past Changes in Northwest Climate: Extremes 4 Projected Future Changes in the Northwest — Mean Temperature and Precipitation; Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Water Resources: Implications of Changes in Temperature and Precipitation (Chapter 3) 1 Introduction 2 Key Impacts — Snowpack, Stream Flow, and Reservoir Operations; Water Quality 3 Consequences for Specific Sectors — Irrigated Agriculture; Hydropower; Floodplain Infrastructure; Municipal Drinking Water Supplies; Freshwater Aquatic Ecosystems; A Salmon Runs Through It; Recreation 4 Adaptation 5 Knowledge Gaps and Research Needs Coasts: Complex Changes Affecting the Northwest’s Diverse Shorelines (Chapter 4) 1 Introduction 2 Sea Level Rise — Effects of Tectonic Motion and Other Local and Regional Factors; Combined Impacts of Sea Level Rise, Coastal Storms, and ENSO Events 3 Ocean Acidification 4 Ocean Temperature 5 Consequences for Coastal and Marine Natural Systems — Habitat Loss; Changes in Species’ Ranges and Abundances; Altered Ecological Processes and Changes in the Marine Food Web 6 Consequences for Coastal Communities and the Built Environment — Coastal Transportation Infrastructure; Coastal Communities; Coping with Sea Level Rise Risks Today and Tomorrow in Olympia, Washington 7 Economic Consequences of Coastal Impacts — Marine Fisheries; Other Economic Impacts 8 Adaptation — Nisqually Delta Case Study: Restoring Salmon and Wildlife Habitat in Puget Sound; Neskowin, Oregon, Case Study: Organizing to Cope with an Eroding Coastline 9 Knowledge Gaps and Research Needs Ecosystems: Vegetation, Disturbance, and Economics (Chapter 5) 1 Introduction 2 Direct Climate Sensitivities: Changes in Distribution, Abundance, and Function of Plant Communities and Species — Changes in Non-forest Systems: High-Elevation Habitats, Grasslands, and Shrublands 3 Indirect Effects of Climate Change through Forest Disturbances — Wildfires; Forest Insects; Forest Diseases; Disturbance Interactions and Cumulative Effects 4 Implications for Economics and Natural Systems — Economic Consequences (Timber Market Effects; Economic Effects of Disturbance; Non-Timber Market Effects; Valuing Ecosystem Services); Consequences for Natural Systems 5 Knowledge Gaps and Research Needs 6 Adaptive Capacity and Implications for Vulnerability Agriculture: Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation (Chapter 6) 1 Introduction 2 Environmental, Economic, and Social Importance 3 Vulnerabilities to Projected Climate Change 4 Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Selected Subsectors — Annual Crops (Dryland Cereal Cropping Systems; Irrigated Annual Cropping Systems); Perennial Crops (Tree Fruit and Small Fruit; Wine Grapes and Wines); Animal Production Systems (Rangeland; Pasture and Forage; Dairy and Other Confined Animal Operations); Other Northwest Agriculture Subsectors 5 Potential to Adapt to Changing Climates — Mitigating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agricultural Systems 6 Knowledge Gaps and Research Needs Human Health: Impacts and Adaptation (Chapter 7) 1 Introduction 2 Key Impacts of Climate Changes on Human Health — Temperature; Extreme Weather Events (Storms and Flooding; Drought; Wildfires); Aerobiological Allergens and Air Pollution; Infectious Diseases (Vector-Borne; Water-Borne; Fungal); Harmful Algal Blooms; Mental Health; Potential Health Costs 3 Northwest Adaptation Activities 4 Knowledge Gaps and Research Needs Northwest Tribes: Cultural Impacts and Adaptation Responses (Chapter 8) 1 Introduction 2 Tribal Culture and Sovereignty 3 Climatic Changes and Effects: Implications for Tribes in the Northwest — Water Resources and Availability;Water Temperature and Chemistry; Case Study: The Effect of Climate Change on Baseflow Support in the Nooksack River Basin and Implications on Pacific Salmon Species Protection and Recovery; Sea Level Rise; Forests and Wildfire 4 Tribal Initiatives in the Northwest — Climate Change Impacts and Vulnerability Assessments; Climate Change Adaptation Plans; Ecosystem-Based Approaches to Addressing Climate Change; Research and Education; Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions 5 Tribal Research and Capacity Needs and Considerations for the Future — Tribal Research and Capacity Needs; Considerations for the Future

Human health… A Human Health Perspective on Climate Change – or Executive Summary (Environmental Health Perspectives / National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences [EHP/NIEHS]) Climate Change and Your Health: Rising Temperatures, Worsening Ozone Pollution – and Technical Appendix (Union of Concerned Scientists [UCS])

Natural world… State of the Nation’s Ecosystems 2008: Focus on Climate Change (Heinz Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment) The Darkening Sea: What Carbon Emissions Are Doing to the Ocean (Elizabeth Kolbert in The New Yorker)

Process of science… Past Climates on Earth (University of Michigan) NASA Climate Research Groups (NASA) The Foundation of Climate Science: Testimony to Congress (Testimony of James J. McCarthy, Alexander Agassiz Professor of Biological Oceanography, Harvard University, before The Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming, U.S. House of Representatives) State of the Climate in 2010: Chapter 2–Climate Indicators (NOAA National Climatic Data Center [NCDC])

Curriculum… Climate Change: Connections and Solutions (High School Unit) – and Middle School Unit (Facing the Future)

Other resources… NPR Climate Connections Special Series (National Public Radio [NPR]) Fact Sheets & Quick Reference Guides (University of Michigan’s Center for Sustainable Systems), e.g.:

Social Development IndicatorsCarbon Footprints U.S. Environmental Footprint

Ethics and psychology… Ethics and Global Climate Change (Nature) — Added 5/16/14 Are Climate Sceptics More Likely to be Conspiracy Theorists? (& cognitive study in press) (“The findings provide yet more evidence that a rejection of climate science has more to with ideological views than scientific literacy”)

Political interference… NC Considers Making Sea Level Rise Illegal (Scientific American Plugged-In) Political Interference with Climate Change Science under the Bush Administration (U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform) White House Deletion of Large Sections of Testimony on Public Health Impacts of Global Warming by the Director of the CDC (U.S. Senate) Bush Aide Softened Greenhouse Gas Links to Global Warming and The Handwritten Changes (shown in “AIT”) (Andrew Revkin in The New York Times) Confidential Memo: 2012 Heartland Climate Strategy and Article (Forbes)

To contact me, please email gwjones@bellevuecollege.edu

This website is copyrighted © 2012-2014, Gwyneth Jones, and may not be reproduced without written permission.

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