Environmental science

EDST 108 PartB/.DS_Store

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EDST 108 PartB/2019_Assess 1A brief.png

__MACOSX/EDST 108 PartB/._2019_Assess 1A brief.png

EDST 108 PartB/2019_Assess1B brief.pdf

From page 13 of the Unit Outline Part B (30%) Action priority reflective journal, evaluation and verbal presentation (1200 words) In weeks 5-11 you need to implement your action plan and collect data to evidence improvement in your lifestyle for the selected area of priority over this period of time. You need to collect regular evidence of your actions throughout the period of time and present a final evaluation and reflection on your achievements. This evaluation and reflection will have a written component.

Due date: NSY: Thursday 23rd May

STR: Friday 24th May

Weighting: 30%

Length and/or format: 1200 words

Purpose: To demonstrate scientifically supported action by applying the principles of sustainability (in particular ecological footprint, energy, waste, water) and to redesign and implement improvements to an aspect of your personal lifestyle.

Learning outcomes assessed: Students demonstrate that they can elaborate socio-scientific concepts relevant to understanding key environmental issues and sustainability, recognise the critical importance of global sustainability and reflect on how this impacts locally on their lifestyles and professional roles.

How to submit: Students will submit Part B as a Microsoft Word document to LEO by

11:59pm on the due date specified above, with Part A and it’s completed

marking rubric in an appendix.

Return of assignment: Within or up to three weeks of submission

Part B of your Journal Submission should include:

a) A summary of data collection that demonstrates the regularity with which it was collected (e.g. a table of weekly data; photographs to visually present actions)

b) A summary comparison of your “before” and “after” data to demonstrate the overall improvement you achieved in your lifestyle (use summary tables and graphs as well as a written statement of achievement).

c) An elaboration of the literature around the selected priority area including why it is a sustainability issue, what the implications are for the local and global community, and what individuals, local, national and global communities need to be doing to assist transition to a more sustainable lifestyle.

d) A reflection on the progress you made over the action period that includes any issues or challenges encountered, sources of support, how you feel about the results you have achieved, and the impact of your actions on your thinking about sustainability in regard to the priority area. This summary reflection should be based on weekly reflective journal entries, which must be attached as an appendix.

e) A verbal report of your experience will also be conducted as a 2 – 3 minute oral presentation in your tutorial.

__MACOSX/EDST 108 PartB/._2019_Assess1B brief.pdf

EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/.DS_Store

__MACOSX/EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/._.DS_Store

EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/Annual Projection.xlsx

工作表1

Energy Consumption of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles (L/KM) Energy Consumption of Pure Electric Passenger Vehicle(L/KM)
16800 7200
24000 14400

Energy Consumption of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles (L/KM)16800.0 24000.0 Energy Consumption of Pure Electric Passenger Vehicle(L/KM) _x000d_

7200.0 14400.0

__MACOSX/EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/._Annual Projection.xlsx

EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/Data of a Week .xlsx

工作表1

Cycle of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles and Pure Electric Passenger Vehicles
Energy Consumption of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles (L/KM) Energy Consumption of Pure Electric Passenger Vehicle(L/KM)
350 150
500 300

Energy Consumption of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles (L/KM)350.0 500.0 Energy Consumption of Pure Electric Passenger Vehicle(L/KM) _x000d_

150.0 300.0

__MACOSX/EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/._Data of a Week .xlsx

EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/EDST108—Part A.docx

PART A: Action priority identification, research and plan

a.) Summary of Research Data:

GHGs

(gCO2e/L)

VOCs

(g/L)

NOx

(g/L)

One-time PM2.5

(g/L)

SO2

(g/L)

912 1.02 2.15 0.14 0.98

Figure 1.1 Greenhouse Gas and Atmospheric Pollutant Emission Factor in Upstream Stage of Gasoline Passenger Vehicle Fuel Cycle

GHGs

(gCO2e/kWh)

VOCs

(g/kW)

NOx

(g/kWh)

One-time PM2.5

(g/kWh)

SO2

(g/kWh)

855 0.075 0.671 0.082 0.433

Figure 1.2 Greenhouse Gas and Atmospheric Pollutant Emission Factor in Upstream Stage of Para-electric Passenger Vehicle Fuel Cycle

VOCs

(g/km)

NOx

(g/km)

One-time PM2.5

(g/km)

SO2

(g/km)

0.53 0.02 0.003 0.00133

Figure 1.3 Atmospheric Pollutant Emission Factor of Gasoline Passenger Vehicle in Fuel Cycle Operation Stage

Figure 1.4 Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Combustion

Cycle of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles and Pure Electric Passenger Vehicles

Figure 1.5 Energy Consumption of Different Vehicles in a Week

Figure 1.6 Annual Projection

b.) i: Findings Summarized

It can be seen from the pictures that compared with gasoline passenger cars, the greenhouse gas emissions of pure electric passenger cars at all levels are lower than those of gasoline passenger cars at corresponding levels, which has obvious greenhouse gas emission reduction benefits. This is of great significance to the promotion of electric passenger cars.

ii: Referenced Explanation

The rapid development of heavy industry in the world has resulted in a large amount of greenhouse gases emissions. The danger of human survival comes from the consequences of greenhouse gases. This is Gerharda’s point of view (2011). In fact, greenhouse gases are the main cause of global warming. Raising global temperatures are bound to lead to rising sea levels. As a result, the territory of human existence is shrinking. When the sea completely submerges the land, mankind will eventually usher in the moment of extinction. For example, the Global Climate Conference held in Copenhagen at the end of 2009 was a world conference to reach global limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

Transportation is the second largest source of greenhouse gases in the world. Taking the EU as an example, 27 EU countries emitted 4.721 billion tons of greenhouse gases in 2010, of which 931 million tons were emitted by the transport sector, accounting for 19.72%. Therefore, all countries in the world attach great importance to promoting low-carbon transportation. Energy-saving and new energy vehicles are the trend of future development, which can not only reduce the dependence on fossil energy, but also reduce the emission of automobile exhaust. Many countries have attached great importance to the development of energy-saving technologies for vehicles, and the government has also promoted the application of energy-saving and low-carbon vehicles through standards, fiscal and taxation policies.

William II (2015) pointed out that VOCs and NOx are important precursors of PM2.5 and ozone in cities in terms of their impact on air quality. These two are the emissions that pure electric passenger cars can effectively reduce compared with gasoline passenger cars. In addition, with the application of cleaner electric power and efficient industrial dust removal and desulfurization technology in the future, the primary PM2.5 and SO2 emissions in the whole life cycle of electric vehicles will be greatly reduced.

Chris Mack (2012), project director of the Technical Standards Department of the Australian Automobile Engineering Society, said that the reduction of PM2.5 and SO2 emissions could be further achieved by strengthening energy consumption control of pure electric passenger vehicles. Research has shown that when the energy consumption of pure electric passenger cars is lower than a certain level, the emission of PM2.5 and SO2 will be lower than that of gasoline passenger cars of the same level.

In addition, Jones Smith (2017) has specifically proposed that compared with the sporadic emission of gasoline passenger cars, the emission of air pollutants from pure electric passenger cars is mainly concentrated in the power generation sector, which is easier to control and improve. It is of great significance to improve urban air quality.

c.) i: Action Plan

1. A poster will be posted on the door to encourage people around me to use energy-efficient or new energy vehicles.

2. When my destination is not very far away, I try to choose bicycle as a means of transportation. When the destination is far enough, I try to choose train or bus as a means of transportation.

3. Learn how to save fuel with experienced bus drivers or train staff.

ii: Timeline

· The whole operation lasted for a week. The survey was not scheduled at the same time of the day.

· The investigation paths of gasoline passenger cars and pure electric passenger cars are as consistent as possible.

· Three plans can be carried out simultaneously.

iii: Evidence

In a one-week survey, the energy consumption of gasoline passenger cars and pure electric passenger cars in different units will be recorded in detail. Different types of icons are designed to make the whole survey more scientific.

Reference List

Gerharda. (2010). Research on Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Sydney Press.

William II. (2015). Energy Revolution. Science Daily.

Chris Mack. (2012). Sustainable Development Research Program. Sydney Press.

Jones Smith. (2017). Green Life. Sydney Press.

Energy Consumption of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles 200.0 400.0 Energy Consumption of Pure Electric Passenger Vehicle 100.0 200.0

Energy Consumption of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles (L/KM)

350.0 500.0 Energy Consumption of Pure Electric Passenger Vehicle(L/KM) _x000d_

150.0 300.0

Energy Consumption of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles (L/KM)

16800.0 24000.0 Energy Consumption of Pure Electric Passenger Vehicle(L/KM) _x000d_

7200.0 14400.0

EDST108 (Assessment 1- Part A) Name: Dian Yang Student Number: S00270785

__MACOSX/EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/._EDST108—Part A.docx

EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/EDST108_Assessment1A_Exemplar.pdf

PART A: Action priority identification, research and plan

a.) Summary of Research Data:

Electricity Usage Water Usage Gas

Usage

28 Feb 2999 kWh 0754 KL plus

613 L

3

2609 m

1 March 2112 kWh 0756 KL plus

199 L

3

2613 m

2 March 3036 kWh 0758 KL plus

344 L

3

2616 m

3 March 3060 kWh 0759 KL plus

377 L

3

2619 m

4 March 3187 kWh 0760 KL plus

886 L

3

2621 m

5 March 3104 kWh 0762 KL plus

034 L

3

2623 m

6 March 3118 kWh 0763 KL plus

432 L

3

2625 m

Annual

Projection

162, 136 kWh 39, 698 KL plus

464 L

3

136, 500 m

Figure 1.1

0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

28-Feb 1-Mar 2-Mar 3-Mar 4-Mar 5-Mar 6-Mar

kW h

Day of the week

Electricty Usage Over a Week

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900

28-Feb

1-Mar

2-Mar

3-Mar

4-Mar

5-Mar

6-Mar

KL

Da y

of th

e W

ee k

Water Usage Over a Week

Figure 1.2

Figure 1.3

Results of Ecological Footprint:

Gas Usage Over a Week in Cubic Metres

28-Feb 1-Mar 2-Mar 3-Mar 4-Mar 5-Mar 6-Mar

Figure 1.4

Figure 1.5

b.) i: Findings Summarised

According to figure 1.1 and subsequent figures, the priority area that requires the most

attention is electricity, which is the highest due to the amount of people in the household and

their non-sustainable habits.

ii: Referenced Explanation

The burning of fossil fuels has a detrimental impact both locally and globally. Electricity has

been chosen as the targeted priority area in the household due to its many issues and

implications in terms of its environmental, economic and social sustainability. To make

Australia, and indeed earth more sustainable, individuals must change the way they practise

sustainable living for a greener future.

The household electricity is supplied by the Australian Gas Light company (AGL). AGL

states that a high percentage of their electricity is sourced from thermal energy, which is

generated from coal and gas resources (AGL, n.d.). The use of these resources is a paramount

issue in Australia due to both being unsustainable and non-renewable. As both gas and coal

are finite, the consequence of continuing to use these resources at the present rate is that they

will deplete (St John, n.d.; University of New South Wales [UNSW], 2017). St John (n.d.)

estimates that at the current rate in which coal is being produced, it will only last for 125

years. However, this estimate does not consider the growing Australian population

(Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS], 2017). Additionally, all 87% of mined coal is

exported to an ever-increasing world population. Similarly, natural gas production is only

estimated to last for another 60 years, and that is only in respect to current production rates

(St John, n.d). The rapid acceleration of gas usage also has major implications.

The consequence of thermal energy production in today’s society is that of air pollution,

which is directly linked to the burning of these fossil fuels. This results in greenhouse gases

being released into the earth’s atmosphere, which further advances the rate of climate change.

Furthermore, the earth will become increasingly warmer, the sea levels in the oceans will rise

and glaciers will melt (Hoel, Kverndokk, 1996; National Aeronautics and Space

Administration [NASA], 2018; UNSW, 2017).

Another significant issue regarding the targeted priority area is the high cost of energy

derived from coal and gas. It is estimated that since 2007 the price of these resources has

doubled and is expected to double by 2020 (UNSW, 2017). This electricity price rise has

economic effects that then have a social impact on lower and middle socio-economic classes,

such as not being able to afford the installation or usage of air conditioning, resulting in a

compromised level of thermal comfort (Moore, Ridley, Strengers, Maller, & Horne, 2016).

In summary, when considering the issues and implications of electricity usage locally and

globally, it can be concluded that finite resources, coal and gas, are not sustainable forms of

energy. Therefore, each individual has a vital part to play in making the future more

environmentally, economically and socially sustainable for future generations.

c.) i: Action Plan

1. A poster will be put on the door asking if everybody in the household has

remembered to turn off their electronic devices before they leave the house.

2. On cooler days, the household will be encouraged to put an extra layer of clothing on

instead of using the reverse cycle setting on the air conditioner.

3. I will make a rule that lights can only be turned on from 6pm onwards.

ii: Timeline

– Action 1 will be implemented on day 1 of Week 5 and be carried out until Week 11 to

check on improvement. It will then be decided whether this is a realistic action and if

it should keep being implemented.

– Action 2 will be implemented daily, except in the case of a temperature less than 17

degrees.

– Action 3 will also be carried out on day 1 of Week 5 and it will continue to be

implemented throughout the whole plan.

iii: Evidence

A weekly reading of the electricity metre will be implemented and photos will be taken.

Additionally, a weekly survey beginning in Week 5 will be carried out to check on

improvement. A chart will also be made with everybody’s name and what they must do on it,

which will be checked every day and documented.

Reference List

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2017). Australian Demographic Statistics, Jun 2017.

Retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/mf/3101.0

Aynsley, R., Moghtaderi, B., Page, A., & Shiel, J. (2017). The importance of air movement in

warmer temperatures: a novel SET* house case study. Architectural Science Review,

60(3), 225-238.

doi:10.1080/00038628.2017.1300763

Global Footprint Network. (2018). Ecological Footprint Calculator. Retrieved from

http://www.footprintcalculator.org/

Hoel, M., & Kverndokk, S. (1996). Depletion of fossil fuels and impacts of global warming.

Resource and Energy Economics, 18(2), 115-136.

doi:10.1016/0928-7655(96)00005-X

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. (2018). A blanket around the earth.

Retrieved from https://climate.nasa.gov/causes/

St John, A. (n.d.). Australian non-renewable energy resources. Retrieved from

https://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary

_Library/pubs/BriefingBook44p/EnergyResources

The Australian Gas Light Company. (n.d.). Thermal energy. Retrieved from

https://www.agl.com.au/about-agl/how-we-source-energy/thermal-energy

University of New South Wales. (2017). Sustainability Report. Retrieved from

http://sustainabilityreport.unsw.edu.au/environment/energy

__MACOSX/EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/._EDST108_Assessment1A_Exemplar.pdf

EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/EDST108_Assessment1A_Exemplar2.pdf

How sustainable is my life? To be sustainable, ecosystems must produce everything it needs to stay balanced. However, human intervention has led to using resources that in turn can negatively affect sustainability. From the results below, it is believed to be that the author’s current lifestyle was not sustainable. Water is constantly used in households every day to keep hydrated as well as using it to bathe and clean the household e.g. washing the floor. Electricity is also another major resource used in the author’s lifestyle where family members use electricity to charge phones, turn on lights and use the TV. With all of these non-sustainable practices, it is the author’s job to use strategies that make it easier for them to be more sustainable.

Table of Results:

DAY: WATER USAGE: ELECTRICITY USAGE:

7th March 595L 22.5Kw

8th March 613L 20.2Kw

9th March 694L 22.7Kw

10th March 1107L 20.9Kw

11th March 680L 20.3Kw

12th March 402L 21.2Kw

13th March 610L 20.8kw

Water Usage Graph:

0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

7Tth March 8th March 9th March 10th March 11th March 12th March 13th March

WATER USAGE (kL):

Electricity graph:

Use data collected to identify ONE action area as a priority for improvement in your current lifestyle. Over the course of the week, It is evident that current lifestyle habits are not sustainable. As shown in the results above, it is evident that water is the main resource consumed in the household. As a result of the findings, several courses of action will be carried out: displaying signs around the household, taking shorter showers, using the dishwasher instead of wasting water by washing dishes by hand and taking pictures of the water meter on a weekly basis. By simply reducing our household use of water, this will in turn contribute to creating a positive impact on the environment. In an average household, the shower is the biggest water user (34% of indoor water use in the average household), toilet (26%) and laundry (23%)” (Mcgee, 2013). Currently, the most significant consumption in the household is water usage in the shower. Therefore, strategies need to be put in place where water consumption is minimised. “Millions of people around the world could get access to safe water in their homes with the help of small, affordable loans” (water.org, 2018). The seemingly small contribution made by an individual or household to reduce their water consumption will significantly help save the global resource. If everyone makes a conscious effort to make simple reductions in their water consumption, then this will have a positive impact on the global supply of this essential resource. Our job as humans, is to make sure everyone throughout the world is entitled to having access to a sufficient and hygienic amount of water. “Women and girls from remote mountain villages in North Vietnam walk up to three hours a day to haul water back to their houses for cooking” (Oxfam , 2017). Having no access to fresh, clean accessible water for drinking and cooking, can affect not only their families and communities in a negative way. For example, many types of pathogenic bacteria, viruses, protozoa may be transmitted by

18.5

19

19.5

20

20.5

21

21.5

22

22.5

23

7th March 8th March 9th March 10th March 11th March 12th March 13th March

ELECTRICITY USAGE RESULTS (kW):

contaminated water supplies. The faeces from human sources is known to be the greatest risk to water supplies causing diseases in humans (Algaefreee, 2004). When improving an individual’s lifestyle, it’s important to take action and help those who are disadvantaged than ourselves. Looking at the positive and negative aspects of water usage, it’s important that when taking action into improving my lifestyle the factors above are taken into consideration.

Action Plan:

Through this assignment, students have been allocated a job to look at their current lifestyle and gathering from that they will chose one current area in their lifestyle which is not sustainable. It is the students job to conduct research on all aspects in their lifestyle to understand what they have been using most. They have also been asked to conduct an action plan which will ensure that all of the practices they have learnt about being sustainable, will be implemented for those four weeks as well as the future. Week one is going to be one of the most challenging week as changes need to be implemented. Given a family of five, monitoring the family member’s compliance to minimising each members water usage will be difficult. To overcome this, signs will be placed throughout the home as constant reminders. For example, displaying a sign on the shower door will be used as a reminder to limit the time span of the shower. Week 2 will hopefully be easier as family members would become accustomed to the strategies employed to reduce water in the previous week. In week 3, the primary focus would be to ensure that family members do not slip back to their old water usage habits. At this stage of the experiment, observations and recordings will be noted. This will be done by taking photos of the water meter and recording results in a table. Week 4, the final week. The data will be reviewed and stored. Conclusions will also be established.

Bibliography Algaefree. (2004). Drinking Water. Retrieved March 21st, 2018, from

http://www.algaefreeaustralia.com.au/water_treatment.php Mcgee, C. (2013). Water. Retrieved March 15th, 2018, from http://yourhome.gov.au/water Oxfam . (2017). Water and Sanitation. Retrieved March 18th, 2018, from https://www.oxfam.org.au/what-we-do/water-sanitation-and-hygiene/ water.org. (2018). Opportunity starts with safe water. Retrieved March 11th, 2018, from

https://water.org/

  • Bibliography

__MACOSX/EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/._EDST108_Assessment1A_Exemplar2.pdf

EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Combustion.xlsx

工作表1

Energy Consumption of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles Energy Consumption of Pure Electric Passenger Vehicle
200 100
400 200

Energy Consumption of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles 200.0 400.0 Energy Consumption of Pure Electric Passenger Vehicle 100.0 200.0

__MACOSX/EDST 108 PartB/All files of Assess 1A/._Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Combustion.xlsx

__MACOSX/EDST 108 PartB/._All files of Assess 1A

EDST 108 PartB/Assess1B_MarkingRubric.pdf

Appendix 2 – Assessment criteria: Assignment 1B

ASSIGNMENT 1 Part B (30%)

Significantly Above Standard

Well Above Standard Above Standard At Standard Not at standard

Criterion 1 Evidence, Analysis and Evaluation of data 10 marks

Regular data collection is clearly evidenced, analysed and evaluated to demonstrate a high level of engagement with the implementation process. Summary data is presented in appropriate tables and graphs and reported clearly and succinctly to form a conclusion of the impact personal lifestyle changes had on the sustainability target area selected.

Regular data collection is evidenced, analysed and evaluated to demonstrate clear engagement with the implementation process. Summary data is presented in appropriate tables and graphs and reported clearly to form a conclusion of the impact personal lifestyle changes had on the sustainability target area selected.

Regular data collection is evidenced, analysed and/or evaluated to demonstrate sound engagement with the implementation process. Summary data is presented in mostly appropriate tables and graphs and reported to form a conclusion of the impact personal lifestyle changes had on the sustainability target area selected.

Regular data collection is evidenced, analysed and/or evaluated to demonstrate a reasonable level of engagement with the implementation process. Summary data is presented with some use of tables and/or graphs to form a conclusion of the impact personal lifestyle changes had on the sustainability target area selected for action.

Regular data collection is not evidenced or analysed or evaluated sufficiently. Little or no use of appropriate of tables and graphs. Conclusion of the impact personal lifestyle changes had on the sustainability priority area selected for action is not developed or evidenced appropriately.

Criterion 2 Elaboration of sustainability principles and socio- scientific concepts drawing on evidence from implementation and relevant literature 10 marks

The socio-scientific concepts related to the target area are thoroughly elaborated on in the report to support insightful analysis and discussion of the sustainability target area. Evidence from both personal action results and a wide range of highly appropriate literature sources are used to identify key strategies for individuals, local, national and global communities to improve sustainability outcomes.

The socio-scientific concepts related to the target area are clearly elaborated on in the report to support quality analysis and discussion of the sustainability target area. Evidence from both personal action results and a wide range of appropriate literature sources are used to identify strategies for individuals, local, national and global communities to improve sustainability outcomes.

The socio-scientific concepts related to the target area are elaborated to some extent in the report to support analysis and discussion of the sustainability target area. Evidence from both personal action results and some literature sources are used to identify strategies for individuals, local, national and/or global communities to improve sustainability outcomes.

The socio-scientific concepts related to the target area are mentioned in the report, offering some limited support to analysis and discussion of the sustainability target area. Evidence from both personal action results and/or some literature sources are used to identify strategies for individuals, local, national and/or global communities to improve sustainability outcomes.

The socio-scientific concepts related to the target area are not explained with limited or no connections made to the sustainability target area. Little to no evidence is included from personal action results and/or appropriate literature to identify key strategies for individuals and/or communities (local/national/global) to improve sustainability outcomes

Criterion 3 Reflection 5 marks

Reflection provides an insightful summary of progress over the action period drawing on evidence from weekly journal entries and final results. Highly relevant issues and challenges encountered, how you feel about your results, and the impact of your actions on your thinking about sustainability are considered in a thoughtful and critical manner.

Reflection provides an excellent summary of progress over the action period drawing on evidence from weekly journal entries and final results. Issues and challenges encountered, how you feel about your results, and the impact of your actions on your thinking about sustainability are considered in a thoughtful manner.

Reflection provides a mostly sound summary of progress over the action period drawing on evidence from weekly journal entries and final results. Issues and challenges encountered, how you feel about your results and the impact of your actions on your thinking about sustainability are somewhat considered.

Reflection provides a sufficient summary of progress over the action period drawing on evidence from weekly journal entries and final results. Issues and challenges encountered, how you feel about your results and/or the impact of your actions on your thinking about sustainability are referred to.

Reflection provides a insufficient summary of progress over the action period drawing. There is a lack of evidence of weekly journal entries and final results. Some required aspects (issues challenges, thoughts about results and impact of actions) are not sufficiently addressed.

Criterion 4 Written and Verbal Communication 5 marks

Outstanding attention to written communication that is clear, precise and free from spelling, grammatical and structural errors. In-text references and bibliography adhere to APA style with no errors. Verbal report is exceptionally clear, concise and addresses all presentation requirements to a high standard.

Excellent attention to written communication that is clear, precise and with only minor errors in spelling, grammar and structure. In-text references and bibliography adhere to APA style with only minor errors. Verbal report is clear, concise and addresses all presentation requirements.

Sound attention to written communication that is mostly clear with some errors in spelling, grammar and structure. In-text references and bibliography adhere to APA in a way that is mostly correct. Verbal report is clear and/or concise and addresses most presentation requirements.

Mostly good attempt at written communication with several significant errors in spelling, grammar and structure that do not impact on overall comprehension of report. Evidence of use of APA style for in-text references and bibliography though with some significant errors and/or omissions. Verbal report mostly clear and addresses some of the presentation requirements.

Written communication contains significant errors in spelling, grammar and structure in a way that impacts on overall comprehension of report. References either not included or show no attempt of adherence to APA6 style. Verbal report lacks clarity and/or is not completed.

__MACOSX/EDST 108 PartB/._Assess1B_MarkingRubric.pdf

__MACOSX/._EDST 108 PartB

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