ENGLISH

Question 1 1 / 1 point

Severe contact dermatitis caused by poison ivy or poison oak exposure often requires treatment with:

Question options:

Topical antipruritics

Oral corticosteroids for 2 to 3 weeks

Thickly applied topical intermediate-dose corticosteroids

Isolation of the patient to prevent spread of the dermatitis

Question 2 1 / 1 point

Patrick is a 10-year-old patient who presents with uncomfortable constipation. Along with diet changes, a laxative is ordered to provide more rapid relief of constipation. An appropriate choice of medication for a 10-year-old child would be:

Question options:

PEG 3350 (Miralax)

Bisacodyl (Dulcolax) suppository

Docusate (Colace) suppository

Polyethylene glycol electrolyte solution

Question 3 1 / 1 point

Patients who are on chronic long-term proton pump inhibitor therapy require monitoring for:

Question options:

Iron deficiency anemia, vitamin B12 and calcium deficiency

Folate and magnesium deficiency

Elevated uric acid levels leading to gout

Hypokalemia and hypocalcemia

Question 4 1 / 1 point

The drug of choice for treatment of early latent or tertiary syphilis is:

Question options:

Ceftriaxone IM

Benzathine penicillin G IM

Oral azithromycin

Oral ciprofloxacin

Question 5 0 / 1 point

The optimal maximum time frame for HRT or estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) is:

Question options:

2 years

5 years

10 years

15 years

Question 6 1 / 1 point

The Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act:

Question options:

Includes a pediatric exclusivity rule which extends the patent on drugs studied in children

Establishes a committee that writes guidelines for pediatric prescribing

Provides funding for new drug development aimed at children

Encourages manufacturers specifically to develop pediatric formulations

Question 7 1 / 1 point

Sophie presents to the clinic with a malodorous vaginal discharge and is confirmed to have Trichomonas infection. Treatment for her would include:

Question options:

Metronidazole 2 grams PO x 1 dose

Topical intravaginal metronidazole daily x 7 days

Intravaginal clindamycin daily x 7 days

Azithromycin 2 grams PO x 1 dose

Question 8 1 / 1 point

Jamison has been prescribed citalopram (Celexa) to treat his depression. Education regarding how quickly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants work would be:

Question options:

Appetite and concentration improve in the first 1 to 2 weeks.

Sleep should improve almost immediately upon starting citalopram.

Full response to the SSRI may take 2 to 4 months after he reaches the full therapeutic dose.

His dysphoric mood will improve in 1 to 2 weeks.

Question 9 1 / 1 point

Patients who have a poor metabolism phenotype will have:

Question options:

Slowed metabolism of a prodrug into an active drug, leading to accumulation of Prodrug

Accumulation of inactive metabolites of drugs

A need for increased dosages of medications

Increased elimination of an active drug

Question 10 1 / 1 point

The drug of choice for type 2 diabetics is metformin. Metformin:

Question options:

Decreases glycogenolysis by the liver

Increases the release of insulin from beta cells

Increases intestinal uptake of glucose

Prevents weight gain associated with hyperglycemia

Question 11 1 / 1 point

The first-line therapy for mild-persistent asthma is:

Question options:

High-dose montelukast

Theophylline

Low-dose inhaled corticosteroids

Long-acting beta-2-agonists

Question 12 1 / 1 point

All of the following statements about the Beer’s List are true except:

Question options:

It is a list of medications or medication classes that should generally be avoided in persons 65 years or older because they are either ineffective or they pose unnecessarily high risk for older persons and a safer alternative is available.

It is derived from the expert opinion of one geriatrician and is not evidence-based.

These criteria have been adopted by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for regulation of long-term care facilities.

These criteria are directed at the general population of patients over 65 years of age and do not take disease states into consideration.

Question 13 1 / 1 point

Isosorbide dinitrate is prescribed for a patient with chronic stable angina. This drug is administered twice daily, but the schedule is 7 a.m. and 2 p.m. because:

Question options:

It is a long-acting drug with potential for toxicity.

Nitrate tolerance can develop.

Orthostatic hypotension is a common adverse effect.

It must be taken with milk or food.

Question 14 1 / 1 point

True contraindications to diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis (DTaP or Tdap) vaccine include:

Question options:

Fever up to 104oF (40.5oC) after previous DTaP vaccine

Family history of seizures after DTaP vaccine

Adolescent pregnancy

Anaphylactic reaction with a previous dose

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