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Question 11 pts
A common misconception about inductive arguments is that they __________.
are weak or strong
are more persuasive than deductive arguments
go from specific to general
go from general to specific

Flag this QuestionQuestion 21 pts
Which of the following is true about combining deductive and inductive reasoning?
One should never try to combine the two, but should make the best choice of which one to use.
If an argument has inductive and deductive elements, then the overall argument is generally deductive.
The argument fails to adequately support its conclusion.
If an argument has inductive and deductive elements, then the overall argument is generally inductive.

Flag this QuestionQuestion 31 pts
Inductive arguments aim for this type of connection between their premises and conclusions.
A true connection
A probable connection
A methodological connection
An absolute connection

Flag this QuestionQuestion 41 pts
Inference to the best explanation is often expressed in which invalid argumentative form?
Denying the antecedent
Affirming the consequent
Denying the consequent
Affirming the antecedent

Flag this QuestionQuestion 51 pts
One way to make an inductive argument weaker is to __________.
strengthen the conclusion
eliminate the conclusion
make the argument valid
strengthen a premise

Flag this QuestionQuestion 61 pts
This philosopher claimed that science should focus on falsifiability rather than confirmation.
Karl Popper
Friedrich Nietzsche
Ludwig Wittgenstein
Galileo

Flag this QuestionQuestion 71 pts
What type of inductive argument is the following example?
The garbage cans were not picked up today; it must be some kind of holiday.
Argument from analogy
Inductive generalization
Statistical syllogism
Inference to the best explanation

Flag this QuestionQuestion 81 pts
Which of the following is true of the distinction between induction and deduction?
Inductive reasoning means going from the specific to the general; while deductive reasoning is the reverse.
Inductive reasoning means going from the general to the specific, while deductive reasoning is the reverse.
Some forms of inductive reasoning go from the specific to the general, while others go from the general to the specific.
Deductive reasoning never has a general conclusion.

Flag this QuestionQuestion 91 pts
When conducting a survey, it is important to choose a sample that __________.
is valid
has members with the same views
is intelligent
is random

Flag this QuestionQuestion 101 pts
The margin of error is __________.
the percentage of a population that expresses a trait that is being studied
something that is not important in statistical arguments
the a likely range of difference that one can expect between the sample and the whole population
usually greater with larger sample populations

Flag this QuestionQuestion 111 pts
Which of the following is necessary in order for an explanation to be adequate?
It does not agree with other human knowledge.
It provides an overly complex solution.
It is noncircular.
It is contradicted by other instances.

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