31. Eliza is writing an essay describing a family vacation in a cottage in Maine. To organize the supporting details she decides to describe the experience of entering the cottage moving through the front room, to her bedroom, and the view of the beach from the back porch. Which method of organization is she using?
A. Chronological
B. Spatial
C. Most-to-least
D. Least-to-most
32. Your topic is courtesy, and you’re writing from the point of view of a caring mentor. Which of the following sentences is most persuasive for an audience of high school graduates from a working-class neighborhood?
A. Remember that you can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar.
B. Courtesy yields profits to the impecunious as well as to the wealthy.
C. Courtesy to others shows self-respect as much as it shows respect for others.
D. Courtesy is the oil that lubricates the machinery of discourse.
33. After settling on an essay topic or being assigned one, one of the most crucial steps is to _______ it to correspond to the length of the required essay.
A. refine
B. draft
C. revise
D. narrow
34. Leila says that a thesis statement is like a promise to a reader. Lucas says a thesis statement expresses the writer’s point of view. Who is correct?
A. Only Lucas is correct.
B. Neither Leila nor Lucas is correct.
C. Only Leila is correct.
D. Both Leila and Lucas are correct.
35. The usual point of view when writing a formal academic essay is
A. second person.
B. personal.
C. third person.
D. subjective.
36. What is the dominant pattern of development in the following passage? Having been raised on a dairy farm in rural Minnesota, Lorie Ann Kline was having trouble adjusting to life in the city and to Central High School. In a conference with her parents, the school guidance counselor explained that Lorie Ann avoided talking to her fellow students and sat by herself in the lunchroom. Perhaps most disturbing, her grades were not what one would expect given her high scholastic aptitude scores. Mrs. Kline agreed that Lorie Ann was often shy around strangers. A solemn Mr. Kline explained that his daughter had been severely bullied by two older children who had lived at the farm for a short time. The guidance counselor nodded in understanding.
A. Narration
B. Process
C. Description
D. Comparison and contrast
37. Please read the following paragraph. The sentences are numbered to help you respond to the question that follows. End of exam (1) I never set out to become a Buddhist. (2) It happened by accident one afternoon when I stumbled into a lecture given by a Tibetan lama. (3) In fact, according a Pew Research Study conducted a few years ago there are close to 500 million Buddhists worldwide. (4) The lama spoke so gently and thoughtfully about the need for compassion, especially in this day and age when violence is exploding everywhere, politics creates more problems than solutions, and more people seem to be interested in “selfies” than selflessness. (5) I had always wanted to go to Tibet, though. (6) The lama spoke about his own experiences during the invasion of his homeland, and how the sense of deep compassion he’d developed during his years of monastic training helped him to avoid feeling hatred toward the invaders. Which of the sentences detracts from the unity of the paragraph?
A. 3
B. 5 and 6
C. 3 and 5
D. 5
38. Evidence that supports your thesis should be
A. unusual.
B. representative.
C. rare.
D. generalized.
39. Lillian is looking for ideas to write about, and she decides to make a list of everything she can think of that relates to the topic of teenage romance. Which concept best describes Lillian’s strategy?
A. Free association
B. Brainstorming
C. Mapping
D. Outlining
40. In a well-structured essay, each topic sentence should help to explain or support
A. the topic sentence of the next paragraph.
B. the concluding sentence of the previous paragraph.
C. the thesis.
D. the title.

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