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Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1
General Introduction
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.

Which of the following statements supports the idea presented in this quote from the excerpt?

Among the most formidable of the obstacles. . . may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power …they hold under the State establishments…

[removed] Hamilton believed the best members of the committee to write the new Constitution had left for personal gain.

[removed] Hamilton feared that those tasked with creating the new Constitution would oppose reforms that limited their power.

[removed] Hamilton felt the obstacles facing the new Constitution would be too much to overcome.

[removed] Hamilton had few fears regarding those who were tasked with implementing the new Constitution.


 

Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

A student completing research for a project enters the following search terms:

Baseball AND history NOT semi-professional

Which of the following best describes the likely results of this search when following Boolean logic?

[removed] Sources that reference only general baseball history and exclude semi-professionals

[removed] Sources that reference only semi-professionals and history but not baseball in general

[removed] Sources that reference semi-professional baseball and history

[removed] Sources that reference semi-professional baseball only and not history


 

Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

A student completing research for a project enters the following search terms:

Pets AND diet NOT birds

Which of the following best describes the likely results of this search when following Boolean logic?

[removed] Sources that reference the diet of pets and birds

[removed] Sources that reference the diet of birds only

[removed] Sources that reference the diet of either pets or birds

[removed] Sources that reference the diet of pets but not birds


 

Question 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

The purpose of the Federalist Papers was to express concern about the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation, the document that outlined the first government of the United States of America. Alexander Hamilton, among others, wrote the Federalist Papers to persuade doubtful New Yorkers to vote in favor of the stronger federal government proposed in the United States Constitution.

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1
General Introduction
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton

To the People of the State of New York:

AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of mankind.

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.

Based on this sentence from the first paragraph, why does Hamilton think it is important for the United States to be successful?

It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force.

[removed] Its success will give more power to other rulers around the world.

[removed] Without the United States, governments around the world will fall apart.

[removed] Its success will show that it is possible for people to make their own government.

[removed] Without the United States, people will have no reason to behave civilly.


 

Question 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

Read these two sentences:

  • I can see the point of those who argue that space projects should be a national priority.
  • I also see the problem with spending millions with so many other social problems that need solving.

Which transition word correctly links the two sentences?

[removed] Consequently

[removed] Conversely

[removed] Specifically

[removed] Regardless


 

Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Which of the following would be most relevant to a research paper describing the benefits of composting kitchen waste?

[removed] Detailed analysis of the nutrients from typical kitchen waste

[removed] Information on how to construct a productive compositor system

[removed] Personal testimony from a family who composts 90 percent of their waste

[removed] Studies indicating an increase in home production of vegetables


 

Question 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[HC]

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1
General Introduction
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton

It is not, however, my design to dwell upon observations of this nature. I am well aware that it would be disingenuous to resolve indiscriminately the opposition of any set of men (merely because their situations might subject them to suspicion) into interested or ambitious views. Candor will oblige us to admit that even such men may be actuated by upright intentions; and it cannot be doubted that much of the opposition which has made its appearance, or may hereafter make its appearance, will spring from sources, blameless at least, if not respectable–the honest errors of minds led astray by preconceived jealousies and fears. So numerous indeed and so powerful are the causes which serve to give a false bias to the judgment, that we, upon many occasions, see wise and good men on the wrong as well as on the right side of questions of the first magnitude to society. This circumstance, if duly attended to, would furnish a lesson of moderation to those who are ever so much persuaded of their being in the right in any controversy. And a further reason for caution, in this respect, might be drawn from the reflection that we are not always sure that those who advocate the truth are influenced by purer principles than their antagonists. Ambition, avarice, personal animosity, party opposition, and many other motives not more laudable than these, are apt to operate as well upon those who support as those who oppose the right side of a question. Were there not even these inducements to moderation, nothing could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit which has, at all times, characterized political parties. For in politics, as in religion, it is equally absurd to aim at making proselytes by fire and sword. Heresies in either can rarely be cured by persecution.

Which statement correctly states the purpose of this excerpt?

[removed] To call out those who have impeded the process of reform

[removed] To create distance between the author and those who are personally ambitious

[removed] To name the historical desires that influence powerful men

[removed] To set a productive tone for the process of constitutional reform

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