English

…. tturse Strategies for Creating Success in College and in Life

tturse Strategies for Creating Success in College and in . Life

Eighth Edition

Skip Downing

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On Course: Strategies for Creating Success in College and in life, Eighth Edition

Skip Downing

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To Carol, my compass

Preface xv Acknowledgments xxv

Travel with Me xxv11

Contents

1 Getting On Course to Your Success 1 College Smart-Start Guide 2

Money Matters 5

Managing Money: The Big Picture 6

Increase Money Flowing In 7

Decrease Money Flowing Out 11

• TECH TIPS: MONEY 14

Understanding the Culture of Higher Education 14

The Surface Culture of Higher Education 16

One Dozen College Customs 16

Write a Great Life 20

JOURNAL ENTRY 1 21

Understanding the Expectations of College and University Educators 22

Eight Key Expectations 23

• JOURNAL ENTRY 2 28

Understanding Yourself 29

What Does Success Mean to You? 29

Ingredients of Success 30

Assess Your Soft Skills for College Success 31

Forks in the Road 36

A Few Words of Encouragement 36

JOURNAL ENTRY 3 38

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Jalayna Onaga 38

• Soft Skills AT WORK 39

2 Accepting Personal Responsibility 41 • CASE STUDY IN CRITICAL THINKING The Late Paper 42

Adopting a Creator Mindset 43

Victim and Creator Mindsets 44

Responsibility and Culture 45

Responsibility and Choice 46 vii

viii Contents

• JOURNAL ENTRY 4 48

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Taryn Rossmiller 49

Mastering Creator Language 50

Self-Talk 50

The Language of Responsibility 53

• JOURNAL ENTRY 5 55

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Alexsandr Kanevskiy 56

Making Wise Decisions 57

The Wise Choice Process 58

JOURNAL ENTRY 6 61

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Freddie Davila 62

• Personal Responsibility AT WORK 62

• TECH TIPS: PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY 64

Believing In Yourself Change Your Inner Conversation 65 The Curse of Stinkin’ Thinkin’ 65

Disputing Irrational Beliefs 67

Stereotype Threat 68

• JOURNAL ENTRY 7 69

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Dominic Grasseth 70

3 Discovering Self-Motivation 71 • CASE STUDY IN CRITICAL THINKING Popson’s Dilemma 72

Creating Inner Motivation 74

A Formula for Motivation

Value of College Outcomes

Value of College Experiences

JOURNAL ENTRY 8 79

74

76

78

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Chee Meng Vang 80

Designing a Compelling Life Plan 81

Roles and Goals 81

How to Set a Goal 82

Discover Your Dreams 84

Your Life Plan 84

• JOURNAL ENTRY 9 86

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Brandon Beavers 87

Committing to Your Goals and Dreams 88

Commitment Creates Method 88

Visualize Your Ideal Future 89

How to Visualize 90

Contents ix

• JOURNAL ENTRY 10 91

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY James Terrell 92

• Self-Motivation AT WORK 93

• TECH TIPS: SELF-MOTIVATION 95

Believing In Yourself Write a Personal Affirmation 96 Claiming Your Desired Personal Qualities 97

Living Your Affirmation 98

8 JOURNAL ENTRY 11 99

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Tina Steen 100

4 Mastering Self-Management 101 • CASE STUDY IN CRITICAL THINKING The Procrastinators 102

Acting on Purpose 103

Harness the Power of Quadrant II 103

What to Do in Quadrants I and II 105

• JOURNAL ENTRY 12 106

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Jason Pozsgay 107

Creating a Leak-Proof Self-Management System 108

Time and Culture 108

Weekly Calendar: For Tracking Recurring Scheduled Events 109

Monthly Calendar: For Tracking One-Time Scheduled Events 109

Next Actions List: For Tracking One-Time Unscheduled Events 110

Tracking Form: For Tracking Actions That Need to Be Repeated Numerous Times 111

Waiting-For List: For Tracking Commitments That Others Have Made to You 112

Project Folder: For Tracking and Managing Progress Toward a Large Goal 112

The Rewards of Effective Self-Management 113

JOURNAL ENTRY 13 114

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Allysa LePage 119

Developing Self-Discipline 119

Staying Focused 120

Being Persistent 121

Avoiding Procrastination 122

JOURNAL ENTRY 14 124

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Holt Boggs 127

• Self-Management AT WORK 127

• TECH TIPS: SELF-MANAGEMENT 129

Believing In Yourself Develop Self-Confidence 130 Create a Success Identity 130

Celebrate Your Successes and Talents 131

Visualize Purposeful Actions 131

x Contents

• JOURNAL ENTRY 15 133

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Ashley Freeman 134

5 Employing Interdependence 135 • CASE STUDY IN CRITICAL THINKING Professor Rogers’s Trial 136

Creating a Support System 137

A Sign of Maturity 137

Seek Help from Your Instructors 139

Get Help from College Resources 139

Create a Project Team 140

Start a Study Group 141

The Difference Between Heaven and Hell 142

• JOURNAL ENTRY 16 143

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Mitch M ull 144

Strengthening Relationships with Active Listening 145

How to Listen Actively 146

Use Active Listening in Your College Classes 146

8 JOURNAL ENTRY 17 147

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Teroa Paselio 148

Respecting Cultural Differences 149

Showing Respect 150

a JOURNAL ENTRY 18 154 • Interdependence AT WORK 155

• TECH TIPS: INTERDEPENDENCE 157

Believing In Yourself Be Assertive 157 Leveling 158

Making Requests 159

Saying #No” 160

• JOURNAL ENTRY 19 161

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Amy Acton 162

6 Gaining Self-Awareness 163 • CASE STUDY IN CRITICAL THINKING Strange Choices 164

Recognizing When You Are Off Course 165

The Mystery of Self-Sabotage 165

Unconscious Forces 166

• JOURNAL ENTRY 20 167

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Sarah Richmond 168

Contents xi

Identifying Your Scripts 168

Anatomy of a Script 169

How We Wrote Our Scripts 170

Self-Defeating Habit Patterns 172

• JOURNAL ENTRY 21 173

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY James Florio/Ii 174

Rewriting Your Outdated Scripts 174

The Impact of Outdated Beliefs 175

Doing the Rewrite 176

• JOURNAL ENTRY 22 176

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Annette Vafle 180

• Self-Awareness AT WORK 181

• TECH TIPS: SELF-AWARENESS 183

Believing In Yourself Write Your Own Rules 183 Three Success Rules 184

Changing Your Habits 185

• JOURNAL ENTRY 23 186

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Brandee Huigens 186

7 Adopting Lifelong Leaming 188 • CASE STUDY IN CRITICAL THINKING A Fish Story 189

Developing a Leaming Orientation to Life 190

Growth Mindsets and Fixed Mindsets 191

How to Develop a Growth Mindset 193

JOURNAL ENTRY 24 195

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Jessie Maggard 196

Discovering Your Preferred Ways of Leaming 196

Self-Assessment: How I Prefer to Learn 197

JOURNAL ENTRY 25 200

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Melissa Thompson 204

Employing CriticalThinking 204

Constructing Logical Arguments 205

Asking Probing Questions 206

Applying Critical Thinking 207

JOURNAL ENTRY 26 209

• Lifelong Learning AT WORK 209

• TECH TIPS: LIFELONG LEARNING 212

xii Contents

Believing In Yourself Develop Self-Respect 213 Live with Integrity (i.e., No Cheating or Plagiarizing) 213

Keep Commitments 215

• JOURNAL ENTRY 27 217

8 Developing Emotional Intelligence 218 • CASE STUDY IN CRITICAL THINKING After Math 219

Understanding Emotional Intelligence 220

Four Components of Emotional Intelligence 221

Knowing Your Own Emotions 222

JOURNAL ENTRY 28 223

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Lindsey Beck 223

Reducing Stress 224

What Is Stress? 224

What Happens When Stress Persists? 225

Unhealthy Stress Reduction 225

Healthy Stress Reduction 226

Choose Your Attitude 232

• JOURNAL ENTRY 29 233

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Jaime Sanmiguel 233

Increasing Happiness 234

Limits on Happiness 234

Savoring Pleasures 235

Gratitude 237

Engagement 237

Contribution 238

Strawberry Moments 238

• JOURNAL ENTRY 30 239

• Emotional Intelligence AT WORK 240

• TECH TIPS: EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE 242

Believing In Yourself Develop Self-Acceptance 242 Self-Esteem and Core Beliefs 243

Know and Accept Yourself 244

• JOURNAL ENTRY 31 245

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Wynda Allison Paulette 245

Contents xiii

9 Staying On Course to Your Success 247 Planning Your Next Steps 248

Assess Yourself, Again 248

JOURNAL ENTRY 32 253

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Stephan J. Montgomery 254

s A Toolbox for Active Learners 257 Becoming an Active Learner 257

Assess Your Study Skills for College Success 257

How the Human Brain Learns 261

Three Principles of Deep and Lasting Learning 262

The CORE Learning System 264

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Kase Cormier 267

Reading 268 Reading: The Big Picture 268

Strategies to Improve Reading 269

Before Reading 269

While Reading 271

After Reading

Taking Notes 272

274 Taking Notes: The Big Picture 274

Strategies to Improve Taking Notes 275

Before Taking Notes 275

While Taking Notes 276

After Taking Notes 281

Organizing Study Materials 282 Organizing Study Materials: The Big Picture 282

Strategies to Improve Organizing Study Materials 282

Before Organizing Study Materials 282

While Organizing Study Materials 283

After Organizing Study Materials 288

Rehearsing and Memorizing Study Materials 290 Rehearsing and Memorizing Study Materials: The Big Picture 290

Strategies to Improve Rehearsing and Memorizing Study Materials 291

Before Rehearsing and Memorizing Study Materials 291

While Rehearsing and Memorizing Study Materials 291

After Rehearsing and Memorizing Study Materials 295

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Michael Chapasko 295

xiv Contents

Taking Tests 297 Taking Tests: The Big Picture 297

Strategies to Improve Taking Tests 297

Before Taking Tests 298

While Taking Tests 298

After Taking Tests 304

• ONE STUDENT’S STORY Ashley E. Bennet 306

Writing 307 Writing: The Big Picture 308

Strategies to Improve Writing 308

Before Writing 308

While Writing 311

After Writing 313

• TECH TIPS: ACTIVE LEARNING 315

Assess Your Study Skills for College Success-Again 316 Conversation with the Author 321

Bibliography 325 Index 327

On Course is intended for college students of any age who want to create success in college and in life. Whether students are taking a student success or fust-year seminar course, a writing course, or an “inward-looking” course in psychol- ogy, self-exploration, or personal growth, On Course is an instruction manual for dramatically improving the quality of their outcomes and experiences. In each chapter, students learn essential study skills; however, that’s just the begin- ning. Through self-assessments, articles, guided journals, case studies in critical thinking, and inspiring stories from fellow students, On Course empowers stu- dents with time-proven strategies for creating a great life- academic, personal, and professional. Students learn the techniques that have helped many thou- sands of students create extraordinary success!

I am grateful that in the years since its first publication in 1996, On Course has becon1e a market leader in the crowded field of student success texts. Increasingly, educators are finding (as I have) that empowering students to become active, responsible learners produces significant increases in both stu- dent academic success and retention. In addition, the process empowers the1n to create great things in their personal and professional lives. My goal is to make this new edition of On Course even more helpful to the success of students and educators alike.

What’s New in This Edition of On Course: Highlights

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