ENGLISH

17. Run-on sentences or comma splices can sometimes be corrected by adding a _______ to make one of the clauses dependent.
A. participial phrase
B. coordinating conjunction
C. prepositional phrase
D. subordinating conjunction
18. A claim based on merely one or two specific examples but applied widely as an overall statement about a situation, topic, group, or even a single individual is commonly referred to as a/an
A. overstatement. End of exam
B. generalization.
C. omission.
D. euphemism.
19. In his essay, “Superhero or Supervillain?” Will Oremus mentions research that shows people act morally when
A. they’re raised to observe good manners.
B. they think they’re being watched.
C. it’s against the law to behave otherwise.
D. it’s immoral to behave otherwise.
20. What is an assumption?
A. A reasonable guess based on the available facts and information
B. An idea or principle the writer accepts as true and makes no effort to prove
C. A claim based on one or more specific examples and applied more widely
D. A word or phrase that’s used to avoid a word that is unpleasant, embarrassing, or objectionable
21. Which of the following titles is made more effective by alliteration?
A. “Now You See It; Now You Don’t”
B. “Guns: Our Lethal Heritage”
C. “Ruby, the Rose of Roslyn”
D. “What’s in a Name?”
22. Tressa likes to generate ideas and relationships about a topic by writing a central idea in the middle of a piece of paper and then surrounding it with related ideas connected to each other and the main idea with a series of lines or arrows. This approach is best described as
A. prewriting.
B. freewriting.
C. brainstorming.
D. mapping.
23. Alexis has been assigned to write a persuasive essay on gun control legislation. What type of evidence will she likely need to collect?
A. Personal experiences
B. Statistics that support her claim
C. Explanations of processes
D. Descriptive details
24. The introduction to an essay should not only engage the reader’s attention, but also
A. defend your approach to the topic.
B. present a call to action.
C. present your thesis statement and your approach.
D. state your conclusions about the topic.
25. When creating an outline, where should you place your thesis statement?
A. At the top of the page
B. In the center of the page
C. At the bottom of the page
D. In the margin
26. Elliot has created a paragraph-by-paragraph outline that consists of a few key words or phrases this type of outline is known as a _______ outline.
A. simple
B. scratch
C. graphical
D. key word
27. An effective paragraph not only provides specific details but presents them in
A. active voice.
B. logical order.
C. narrative form.
D. the third person.
28. As Felipe narrows his topic using the _______ method, he discovers that the topics change from words and phrases to statements of ideas.
A. drafting
B. analyzing
C. questioning
D. branching
29. Which method of organization is most often used in narrative essays?
A. Chronological
B. Spatial
C. Most-to-least
D. Least-to-most
30. Paddy and Clare are writing effective conclusions. Paddy’s conclusion will summarize his main point and reaffirm his theses statement. Clare’s conclusion will take the readers beyond the scope of her essay. Who is writing an effective conclusion?
A. Neither Paddy nor Clare
B. Both Paddy and Clare
C. Only Clare
D. Only Paddy
31. Eliza is writing an essay describing a family vacation in a cottage in Maine. To organize the supporting details she decides to describe the experience of entering the cottage moving through the front room, to her bedroom, and the view of the beach from the back porch. Which method of organization is she using?
A. Chronological
B. Spatial
C. Most-to-least
D. Least-to-most
32. Your topic is courtesy, and you’re writing from the point of view of a caring mentor. Which of the following sentences is most persuasive for an audience of high school graduates from a working-class neighborhood?
A. Remember that you can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar.
B. Courtesy yields profits to the impecunious as well as to the wealthy.
C. Courtesy to others shows self-respect as much as it shows respect for others.
D. Courtesy is the oil that lubricates the machinery of discourse.
33. After settling on an essay topic or being assigned one, one of the most crucial steps is to _______ it to correspond to the length of the required essay.
A. refine
B. draft
C. revise
D. narrow

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