Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:
The document in question upon its first printed side recited the first section of the Thirteenth Amendment, said that the idea embodied in it was violated by the conscription act and that a conscript is little better than a convict. In impassioned language it intimated that conscription was despotism in its worst form and a monstrous wrong against humanity in the interest of Wall Street’s chosen few. It said, ‘Do not submit to intimidation,’ but in form at least confined itself to peaceful measures such as a petition for the repeal of the act. The other and later printed side of the sheet was headed ‘Assert Your Rights.’ It stated reasons for alleging that any one violated the Constitution when he refused to recognize ‘your right to assert your opposition to the draft,’ and went on, ‘If you do not assert and support your rights, you are helping to deny or disparage rights which it is the solemn duty of all citizens and residents of the United States to retain.’ It described the arguments on the other side as coming from cunning politicians and a mercenary capitalist press, and even silent consent to the conscription law as helping to support an infamous conspiracy.
According to the protest document, what is the duty of Americans?
[removed] To assert and maintain their rights
[removed] To confine themselves to peaceful measures
[removed] To submit to intimidation
[removed] To consent to conscription
Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:
Federalist Papers: No. 1
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton
It is not, however, my design to dwell upon observations of this nature. I am well aware that it would be disingenuous to resolve indiscriminately the opposition of any set of men (merely because their situations might subject them to suspicion) into interested or ambitious views. Candor will oblige us to admit that even such men may be actuated by upright intentions; and it cannot be doubted that much of the opposition which has made its appearance, or may hereafter make its appearance, will spring from sources, blameless at least, if not respectable–the honest errors of minds led astray by preconceived jealousies and fears. So numerous indeed and so powerful are the causes which serve to give a false bias to the judgment, that we, upon many occasions, see wise and good men on the wrong as well as on the right side of questions of the first magnitude to society. This circumstance, if duly attended to, would furnish a lesson of moderation to those who are ever so much persuaded of their being in the right in any controversy. And a further reason for caution, in this respect, might be drawn from the reflection that we are not always sure that those who advocate the truth are influenced by purer principles than their antagonists. Ambition, avarice, personal animosity, party opposition, and many other motives not more laudable than these, are apt to operate as well upon those who support as those who oppose the right side of a question. Were there not even these inducements to moderation, nothing could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit which has, at all times, characterized political parties. For in politics, as in religion, it is equally absurd to aim at making proselytes by fire and sword. Heresies in either can rarely be cured by persecution.
Which of the following correctly summarizes the main point of this text from the excerpt?
And a further reason for caution, in this respect, might be drawn from the reflection that we are not always sure that those who advocate the truth are influenced by purer principles than their antagonists.
[removed] Enemies will undermine those with good intentions at every turn.
[removed] In an effort this large, caution is to be remembered in all parts of the process.
[removed] Many who seem to support moral choices may also have questionable motives.
[removed] Those on the side of good will always know those who oppose them.
Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
A student completing research for a project enters the following search terms:
Dolphins AND military OR combat
Which of the following best describes the likely results of this search?
[removed] Sources that reference either dolphins or the military and combat
[removed] Sources that reference both the military and combat, including dolphins
[removed] Sources that reference both dolphins and the military, including references to combat
[removed] Sources that reference both dolphins and the military, excluding references to combat