1. 16.6 Answer the following questions true (T) or false (F): 1. a. ________ Some state laws authorize use of closed shops. 2. b. ________ A union can legally strike a jobsite to enforce the provision of a

subcontractor clause. 3. c. ________ The Teamsters union is the largest member of the AFL–CIO. 4. d. ________ Open-shop operations have caused construction labor unions to

rethink their position vis-à-vis union contractors. 5. e. ________ The right-to-work clause of the Taft–Hartley law allows the

individual states to determine whether union shops are legal. 6. f. ________ The unit-price contract is an incentive-type negotiated contract. 7. g. ________ The local AFL craft unions have very little authority and are directed

mainly by the national headquarters of AFL–CIO. 8. h. ________ The Sherman Antitrust Law was originally designed to prevent the

formation of large corporations or cartels that could dominate the market. 9. i. ________ The business agent is the representative of the union charged with

enforcing the work rules of the labor agreement. 10. j. ________ A submittal must be verified for accuracy in accordance with

contract plans and specifications. 11. k. ________ The Sherman Antitrust Act, enacted in 1890, was used to suppress

the formation of large trusts and cartels, which dominated the market and acted to fix prices and restrain free trade.

12. l. ________ Yellow-dog contracts were used by employers to encourage their employees to join and become active in union organizations.

13. m. ________ Under the Taft–Hartley legislation, the president of the United States is empowered to enjoin workers on strike (or preparing to strike) to work for a 90-day cooling-off period during which time negotiators attempt to reach agreement on contractual or other disputes.

14. n. ________ The National Labor Relations Act was enacted to protect union- organizing activity and encourage collective bargaining.

15. o. ________ In an open-shop working environment, workers are paid based on which union hall they belong to.

16. p. ________ The calculation of fringe benefits is based on gross pay, whereas FICA is based on straight-time hours.

17. q. ________ If a general contractor does not feel like paying worker’s compensation fees, then the contractor does not have to. Each state has appropriated funds that will cover this option.

2. 16.7 Compute the average hourly cost of a carpenter to a contractor. Assume the work is in a subsistence area and the daily subsistence rate is $19.50. The carpenter works the second shift on a two-shift project where a project labor contract establishes a “work 7 pay 8 hour” pay basis for straight time. He works 6 days, 10 hours a day. In addition to time and a half for overtime Monday through Friday, the contract calls for double time for all work on weekends. Use 6.2% FICA and 5.0% for unemployment insurance. Assume all data relating to the WC, PL, PD, fringes, and wage are as given in Table 16.5.

17.4 The partition wall shown below is to be constructed of 8 × 16 × 6 block. Estimate the cost of the

wall to include labor, materials, and contractor O & P using the R. S. Means building cost data or other

appropriate estimating reference. The job is located in Cincinnati,


o. 17.6 Find the labor cost, including overhead and profit for the formwork for 48 columns of 24ʺ ×

24ʺ × 9ʹ. Use the data shown in Figure 17.7.

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