Education

True / False

 

1. Neurons that directly convey messages to muscles and   glands are part of the central nervous system.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

Bloom’s: Understand

 

REFERENCES:  

Terminology to     Describe the Nervous System

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 –     Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas.

 

TOPICS:  

3.1 Structure of the     Vertebrate Nervous System

 

2. The elbow is more distal to the shoulder than the hand.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

ANSWER:  

 

 

 

 

 

3. Cell bodies of motor neurons are located outside of the   spinal cord.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

ANSWER:  

 

 

 

 

 

4. ​The parasympathetic nervous system activates the   “fight or flight” response.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. Parasympathetic neurons use acetylcholine as their   neurotransmitter.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

 

 

 

 

TOPICS:  

3.1 Structure of the     Vertebrate Nervous System

 

6. The hindbrain consists of the medulla, the pons, and the   cerebellum.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

ANSWER:  

 

 

 

 

 

7. ​Some cranial nerves include both sensory and motor   components.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

8. Substantia nigra gives rise to the dopamine-containing   pathway that facilitates readiness for movement.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

9. The limbic system is important for motivation and   emotional behaviors.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

10. Although relatively small, the hypothalamus is very   important for a large range of motivated behaviors.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

KALA.BIOP.16.03.02 –     Describe the principal functions of certain brain areas.

 

TOPICS:  

3.1 Structure of the     Vertebrate Nervous System

 

11. The choroid plexus reabsorbs the cerebrospinal fluid.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

12. Damage to the right hemisphere of the cortex will most   likely cause loss of sensory or motor control on the left side of the body.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

13. ​Damage to the striate cortex of the right hemisphere   causes blindness in the left visual field.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

14. The prefrontal cortex is important for working memory.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

15. ​Many cells in association areas of the brain respond   to more than one sensory modality.

 

a.

True

 

b.

False

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

Multiple Choice

 

16. ​The central nervous system is composed of the ____.

 

a.

​brain and spinal     cord

 

b.

​nerves outside the     brain and spinal cord exclusively

 

c.

​sympathetic and     parasympathetic nervous systems

 

d.

​somatic and     autonomic nervous systems

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

17. ​Together, the somatic nervous system and the autonomic   nervous system make up the ____ nervous system.

 

a.

​peripheral

 

b.

​central

 

c.

​sympathetic

 

d.

​dorsal

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

18. ​Which division of the nervous system consists of   neurons that deliver messages from the sensory organs to the central nervous   system?

 

a.

​autonomic

 

b.

​sympathetic

 

c.

​somatic

 

d.

​parasympathetic

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

19. The somatic nervous system carries signals from the   ____ and is part of the ____.​

 

a.

​senses; central     nervous system

 

b.

​organs; autonomic     nervous system

 

c.

​organs; sympathetic     nervous system

 

d.

​senses; peripheral     nervous system

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

20. ​Which division of the nervous system consists of   neurons that control the heart, intestines, and other organs?

 

a.

​internal

 

b.

​afferent

 

c.

​somatic

 

d.

​autonomic

 

 

 

 

 

 

21. ​Which plane shows brain structures as they would be   seen from the front?

 

a.

​coronal

 

b.

​sagittal

 

c.

​horizontal

 

d.

​transverse

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

22. ​Which plane shows brain structures as they would be   seen from above?

 

a.

​coronal

 

b.

​sagittal

 

c.

​horizontal

 

d.

​commuter

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

23. ​If one structure is on the left side of the body and   another is on the right, they are said to be ____ to each other.

 

a.

​medial

 

b.

​lateral

 

c.

​ipsilateral

 

d.

​contralateral

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

24. ​The basal ganglia are a related cluster of cell bodies   that are lateral to the.

 

a.

​meninges

 

b.

​hippocampus

 

c.

​hypothalamus

 

d.

​thalamus

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

25. ​The spinal cord communicates with ____.

 

a.

​sense organs and     muscles below the level of the head

 

b.

​all sense organs     and muscles in the human body

 

c.

​the dorsal root     ganglia only

 

d.

​the ventral root     ganglia only

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

26. ​The cell bodies of sensory neurons that are in   clusters of neurons outside the spinal cord are called ____.

 

a.

​sensory nuclei

 

b.

​sensory clusters

 

c.

​ventral root ganglia

 

d.

​dorsal root ganglia

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

 

TOPICS:  

 

27. ​After damage to the dorsal roots of the spinal cord,   an individual will suffer what kind of loss?

 

a.

​sensation from the     affected body area

 

b.

​control of the     peripheral muscles in the affected body area

 

c.

​control of organs     in the affected body area

 

d.

​sensation of the     muscles on the opposite side of the body

 

ANSWER:  

 

DIFFICULTY:  

 

REFERENCES:  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:  

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