Education

Thomism

Tammy Tillman

EDUC 307

July 9, 2018

Introduction

Thomism was developed by Thomas Aquinas as a system of philosophy that aimed at trying to create the aspect of harmonization between Christian theology and the philosophy of Aristotle.

This particular philosophy tends to be a dominant philosophical order that is preserved in most parts of the world, despite the fact that most of the philosophical systems disagree wit it.

According to Thomism, most of nature and theology can be apprehended through observation and reason.

This means that the philosophy tends to support the fact that observation and reason should be used to develop judgment on what is understood via faith.

Thomism is a philosophical principle that was developed by Aquinas Thomas who the purposes of ensuring that the aspect of reason and observation is used to affirm the aspect of faith.

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Tenets of Thomism

To start with, it is evident that the aspect of Thomism is empirical. This means that it is based on experiences and observations.

According to tis philosophy, the existence of God can only be confirmed on the basis of direct experience.

This particular idea tends to suggest that the existence of God can only be confirmed only through reason and not via the aspect of faith alone.

Moreover, it is clear that this philosophical idea suggests that various truths can only be understood via the aspect of revelation.

Thomism is strongly grounded in reason, specifically in opposition to “blind faith.” It holds the laws of non-contradiction and causality as the fundamental principles of reality.

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Contd..

Additionally, it is also clear that this philosophical view also approaches the existence of God via the aspect of negative theology. This means tat humans should be able to approach the existence of God via the aspect of metaphors and analogies.

The fact that God is unique means that the existence of God is beyond human understanding and cannot be comprehended fully (McInerny, 2006).

In order to at least partly comprehend God, we must use figurative or analogous terms relevant to our experiences. This approach also implies that portions of Scripture can be interpreted figuratively, depending on the context.

Thomism tends to suggest that the existence of God should be based on analogies and metaphors since the existence of God is a unique occurrence.

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Theory of Truth

According to this philosophy it is clear that the idea of truth is an essential component of the theory.

According to this theory the aspect of objective realism and empiricism can be defined as being useful when it comes to trying and understand the existence of God.

Moreover, this philosophical theory also applies the aspect of the soul and body which is not in line with most of the classical aspects of dualism.

The aspect of truth is a major aspect of this theory also, this theory applies the element of soul and body which does not exist in the classical aspects of dualism.

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Distinction between Essence and Existence

According to tis philosophical theory it is evident that there is a distinction that exists between essence and existence.

From the description put forward by Thomas Aquinas rotates on the fact that the existence of God is identical to his essence.

This idea further tries to prove the fact that evil does not exist on itself, however, it is as a result of lack of good in it.

This means that evil as the ability to violate the main purpose of good and thus promoting it sown existence.

Thomism is also based on the aspect of essence and existence. The argument posed forward is that the existence of God is bound on is identity and also is essence.

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Aquinas Five Ways

Thomism can be described as the source of the Aquinas ‘Five Ways’,. These particular ideas can be defined as the arguments presented towards the existence of God.

To start with there is the argument of motion. This argument argues that our senses have the ability to prove that there is something in motion. His means that things are able to move because they posses the potential motion to move.

From this argument it is evident that nothing has the ability to move itself and that there is always the cause of motion.

From this argument it is evident that there is the first mover who controls motions and this leads to a perfect answer and that is the existence of God.

Thomism can be described as the source of the Aquinas ‘Five Ways’,. These particular ideas can be defined as the arguments presented towards the existence of God. Aquinas developed these arguments as a means of trying to prove the existence of God.

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Contd..

The second argument presented by Aquinas was that on Efficient Causes.

According to this argument it is clear that we tend to perceive that there exist an efficient cause of the various occurrence in the world.

This argument puts it clear that nothing may be in existence prior to itself and that there must be an existing force that leads to the existence of anything.

Additionally, from the argument it is clear that If a previous efficient cause does not exist, neither does the thing that results.

n the world, we can see that things are caused. But it is not possible for something to be the cause of itself because this would entail that it exists prior to itself, which is a contradiction.

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Contd..

The third argument is known as the argument from possibility and necessity.

It is evident according to nature that things can either be or not be, this means that the existence of nature can be brought into being or at the same time be out of being.

It is also clear that the existence of these contingents reaches a place where it ceases (Rakhmatullin, & Semenova, 2015).

This means that the existence and ceasing to exist of these contingencies is as a result of another force that is beyond these contingencies.

It is clear that the existence of contingent is as a result of a force greater than them and this case it can prove the existence of God

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Contd..

The fourth argument revolves around the argument from gradation of being.

From this argument it is clear that some contingents are better than others. However, it is clear that the supremacy of these contingents is as a result of a higher control.

This argument further draws its ideas from the aspect of ‘uttermost’, according to this idea it is evident that a contingent can only be hotter but at the same time it resembles another aspect that is hottest when compared to it.

This leads to the aspect of perfection which shows that there is a perfectionist who designs a contingent and in this case it answers the question on the existence of God.

From this fourth argument it is clear that there is something that I the cause of all goodness and perfection.

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Contd..

Lastly, there is the argument from design, according to this idea it is evident that all the natural bodies work in a well synchronized and coordinated manner. This coordination and synchronization does not happen by chance.

Additionally, this idea puts it clear that most of these natural elements work without the aspect of knowledge in them.

Therefore this is a clear indicator this coordination is out of design of an intelligent being that is able to control the occurrences of these natural beings (Bishop,2017).

The aspect of design shows that all the natural elements were designed to work in coordination and that there was a designer and according to Aquinas the designer in this case can be described as being God.

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Conclusion

In conclusion it is evident that Aquinas was able to try and explain the existence of God via the various views he presented.

According to him the existence of God cannot be prove merely via the word of God.

However, in order to prove his existence there are a number of aspects that can be put into consideration and tis lead Aquinas to develop the ‘Five Ways’ in order to prove the existence of God.

According to Aquinas, some theological truths, truths of revelation, are such that philosophy could never discover them. For example, philosophy cannot establish that the universe had a beginning and is not eternal

Aquinas Thomas develop the philosophy of Thomism which was based on observation and experiences in order to try and prove God’s existence.

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References

Rakhmatullin, R., & Semenova, E. (2015). Thomism of the unity of the religious and scientific knowledge. Nauka i studia, 10, 288-291.

Bishop, S. (2017). Thomas Aquinas and the Neo-Thomist Tradition: A Christian-Philosophical Assessment, written by BJ van der Walt. Philosophia Reformata, 82(2), 245-248.

McInerny, R. (2006). Praeambula fidei: Thomism and the God of the Philosophers. CUA Press.

References

Bishop, S. (2017). Thomas Aquinas and the Neo-Thomist Tradition: A Christian-Philosophical Assessment, written by BJ van der Walt. Philosophia Reformata, 82(2), 245-248.

McInerny, R. (2006). Praeambula fidei: Thomism and the God of the Philosophers. CUA Press

Rakhmatullin, R., & Semenova, E. (2015). Thomism of the unity of the religious and scientific knowledge. Nauka i studia, 10, 288-291.

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