Angela was a 24-year-old female felt swollen, weak, and fatigued for several months. She suddenly noticed her urine had a red-brown discoloration and was low in volume. She went to the emergency room of a nearby hospital and the following data were obtained upon examination and testing:
|Serum sodium||124 mEq/L|
|Serum potassium||6 mEq/L|
|Serum creatinine||2.5 mg/dL|
|Appearance||Red to brown|
Renal Function Tests:
|GFR (glomerular filtration rate)||40 mL/min|
|RBF (renal blood flow)||280 mL/min|
Q1: A: What was Angela’s disorder?
B: What could cause this disorder?
Q2: Define hyponatremia and hyperkalemia. ?
Q3: What is the cause of the hyponatremia and hyperkalemia?
Q4: Why is there blood in Angela’s urine?
Q5: How do Angela’s renal function tests compare to normal?
Q6: What caused the swollen feeling?