1. In terms of ecology and subsistence economies, some of the biggest challenges for microenvironmental groupsin the 21st century include:
|a.||illegal logging, and slash and burn agriculture|
|b.||rhetoric and images of public figures|
|c.||national security and neoliberalism|
|d.||exploitation of lands from outsiders, overexploitation of the environment to meet market demands, and climate change|
1. In “Women in the Mine” author Jessica Smith Rolston discusses different types of women who go into this traditional, male-dominated environment. According to Rolston which type is most successful at working in the mine?
1. A theory that seeks to explain human behavior in terms of meaning, for instance, everyday behaviors on a train or how different people perceive the same incident in a community from different perspectives based previous experiences or history.
|d.||theory of relativity|
1. The film Ancient Futures: Learning from Ladakhillustrated what particular concept(s) discussed so far this term?
|a.||the recreation of a Buddhist mandala or sand painting that illustrated a philosophical worldview in iconic form|
|b.||the practice of medical pluralism shared between a Huichol shaman and a doctor trained in secular and scientific-oriented medicine|
|c.||the effects of modernization and development on traditional lifeways in Ladakh (or Little Tibet) when India opened its doors to tourism|
|d.||the reintroduction of Buddhist philosophy among Ladakhi youth who wanted to retain their cultural customs|
1. If an anthropologist studies religion and interviews church leaders about how they were called to their positions, attends various rites of passage, writes down impressions and beliefs of the practitioners, and uses nonstatistical descriptions of the religion as a way of presenting information, the anthropologist is employing what type of data collection?
1. What term does anthropologist Susan Crate use in the essay “We are Going Underwater” to discuss social groups that depend on their immediate environment for both their physical and spiritual sustenance”?
1. All of the following are examples of material culture except
|b.||belief in a supreme being|
|c.||empty beer cans|
1. Selected in 1999 for preservation in the U.S. National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for being “culturally, historically and aesthetically significant”, The Land of the War Canoes was a silent film made by Edward S. Curtis in 1914 that fictionalized the construction of war canoes, ceremonial dances, artwork, and festive rituals of what social group that was undergoing significant cultural changes during that time period? (This was also the group discussed in class that Franz Boas was enchanted by and that helped him shape his ideas about cultural relativity)
|a.||Ladakhi in the Himalayan region of Kashmir|
|b.||the Vilui Sakha of Siberia|
|c.||Chiumanes Indians of Bolivia|
|d.||Kwakiutl or Kwakwaka’wakw off the central coast of British Columbia, Canada|
1. In the essay, “Illegal Logging and Frontier Conservation”, the author claims that the logging policies established by the Bolivian government in the area of the Chimanes forest
|a.||will adequately meet the need of the high worldwide demand of quality tropical hardwood|
|b.||will most probably lead to the eventual destruction of the forests|
|c.||will encourage small lumber mills to work only with legal logging companies in harvesting tropical hardwood|
|d.||are sensible and workable|
1. What culture does University of Pennsylvania anthropologist Philippe Bourgeois examine in the essay “Poverty at Work: Office Employment and the Crack Alternative”?
|a.||small subsistence farmers in Malawi|
|d.||the Powder River Basin mine culture in Wyoming|
1. What mode of subsistence could be characterized as most egalitarian in terms of a division of labor including a gendered division of labors?
|b.||hunting and gathering|
1. If a society uses irrigation, its food getting subsistence system would be best classified as:
|a.||hunting and gathering|
1. In “Poverty at Work: Office Environment and the Crack Alternative,” Bourgeois argues that young, uneducated Hispanic men did not succeed in a post-industrial workplace because:
|a.||not enough jobs were created in New York City in the shift from an industrial economy to a post-industrial climate|
|b.||they were overeducated for the newer technical jobs|
|c.||they were lazy and afraid of hard work|
|d.||they had difficulty switching from street identities to professional ones, and their appearance frightened middle-class white Anglos in an office environment|
1. The Viliui Sakha developed a belief system that helped them to understand and interact with the extreme environment of Siberia. One example of this belief system is represented by
|a.||the creation of a “mandala” that represents a Buddhist cosmology|
|b.||belief that a harsh winter was really an omen sent by a witch|
|d.||the shaman who communicates with “abaahi” or evil spirits of the underworld in times of crisis and the Bull of Winter|
1. According to Lee, a !Kung hunter
|a.||shares the game with his family only|
|b.||eats all the kill himself|
|c.||gives all the meat from the animal he has killed to the person who made his arrow|
|d.||shares the kill with everyone in the group and expects them to reciprocate|
1. _______________________________ is a philosophy adopted by capitalist countries that emphasizes the free movement of goods, capital and services with cuts to public expenditures for common goods and social services.
1. In “Ethnography and Culture” anthropologist James P. Spradley discusses the social theory of symbolic interactionism in cross-cultural exchanges. In this he acknowledges the contributions of what three sociologists to the understanding of this theory?
|a.||Bronislaw Malinowski, Franz Boas and Karl Marx|
|b.||Herbert Blumer, Charles Horton Cooley, and George Herbert Mead|
|c.||David W. McCurdy, Diana Shandy and James Spradley|
|d.||Richard Borshay Lee, Claire Sterk, and George Gmelch|
1. Primatology, medical anthropology and forensic anthropology are all specializations of what?,
1. In “Conversation Rituals: Talking on the Job” the author argues that in the workplace, men’s conversation is often directed at avoiding what?
|b.||getting back to work|
|c.||the “one down” position|
|d.||giving the semblance of equal relations|