Biology

Literature Review Outline

● ​Comprised of 3 components: 1. Cover page 2. Outline 3. Annotated Bibliography

1. Cover Page ● ​Your topic in the form of a descriptive title

o ​Include the common name and scientific names for your organisms if using specific species of bacteria

● ​Your name ● ​Panther ID ● ​Section number ● ​TA name

2. Outline ● ​Should be 2-3 pages long, double-spaced. ● ​1” margins, size 12 font, Times New Roman ● ​Organize your subtopics to ensure that they flow well. You should not be jumping from one topic to the next.

● ​Your first subtopics should be dedicated to background information on the organisms and essential oils that you chose.

o ​In this section, you will write about everything on your organism EXCEPT what your topic is on.

▪ ​For example, if you’re talking about the effect of essential oils on skin microbiota, after researching the topic, you should pick at least two species of bacteria present on the skin and in the background section you can briefly talk about their morphology, nutritional requirements, environment, etc. ​o ​These background subtopics should only be 1 page at most for each organism.

● ​The rest of the outline should have subtopics based on your original topic. This is where you will break up your topic into further subtopics to better organize it. This is one of the most important parts of your paper – how you organize the information about your topic.

o ​You must title each of your subtopics. ​o ​You should have at least 7-8 subtopics within your outline (including introduction and

conclusion).

● ​Each subtopic must be accompanied by 4-5 paraphrased facts about that subtopic. o ​Your facts should be bulleted, not in paragraph form.

● ​After each fact, you must put in an in-text citation demonstrating which source that information came from.

o ​In-text citation is generally (Author’s Last Name, Year). Please see APA guidelines for

more details.

● ​Do not just copy and paste facts into your outline. ​PARAPHRASE​. o ​You will be submitting your outline to turnitin.com to check for plagiarism. o ANY amount of plagiarism will result in a grade of zero.

● ​When writing your outline, think of it as if you were writing your paper but ​without structuring it into paragraphs.

● ​Page 3 of this document has an example of an outline. You CANNOT use this example.

3. Annotated Bibliography ● ​APA format

o ​Guidelines to APA can be found here: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

▪ ​NO encyclopedias

○ ​ex. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences via Wiley Interscience

▪ ​NO Wikipedia

▪ ​NO websites

○ ​The only exception to this is if you sent the link to your TA for approval beforehand ​o List your sources in alphabetical order by author’s last name.

● ​Must have at least 10 sources o ​5 sources must be peer-reviewed or primary journal articles. ​o ​5 sources can either be journal articles, books, or textbooks.

● ​You will list your 10 sources as you would in an APA bibliography but under each source you must include an annotation.

o ​An annotation is a critique of the sources, NOT a summary (abstract). There are meant

for you to justify the use of this source in your paper.You must write your own annotations for ​each ​source. ​o ​Each annotation should be about a paragraph long. ​o ​Your annotations should answer the following:

▪ ​Did the author do a good or bad job in explaining the topic?

▪ ​How is this reference relevant to your topic?

▪ ​How are you incorporating/using this reference in your paper? Be specific. ​o Helpful websites on how to write an Annotated Bibliography:

http://guides.library.cornell.edu/annotatedbibliography

http://guides.library.ucsc.edu/write-an-annotated-bibliography

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Example: ​Topic: The antimicrobial effects of eucalyptus oil and manuka oil on ​Staphylococcus aureus and ​Bacillus subtilis​.

I. Introduction

II. Background information on Eucalyptus and Manuka Oils

● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation).

III. Background information on Staphylococcus aureus ​and ​Bacillus subtilis

● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation).

IV. Antibiotic resistance in ​S. aureus and​ B. subtilis

● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation).

V. Antimicrobial properties of EOs

● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation).

● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation).

VI. EOs being used as antimicrobials in clinical settings

● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation). ● ​Fact (citation).

VII. Conclusion

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